Genetically Modified Sorghum Resists Aluminum Contamination
Cornell scientists announced last week that they have isolated and cloned an aluminum-tolerant” gene in sorghum, a cereal common in arid regions that’s used for food as well as Maotai, the Chinese booze. Aluminum toxicity, which damages plants’ root structure, afflicts up to 50 percent of the arable land on the globe. -The sorghum gene controls production of citric acid, which, when switched on by aluminum in the soil, is secreted by the plant. The acid binds to the metal, decreasing soil toxicity. While many plant varieties exhibit aluminum-tolerance, sorghum is also naturally heat resistant, which could make it a better choice for farmers in the Global South. —Aluminum (Al) toxicity is caused by acidic soil. Under neutral pH conditions, Al lies inert, bonded in marriage to other compounds. – as pH levels drop below 5, aluminum gets divorced, running free in a particularly toxic form, Al3+ (call it the midlife crisis cation). l damages the young cells at the tip of the root, which prevents the plant from absorbing nutrients, especially calcium. The citric acid the sorghum releases (to overextend the metaphor) is like the religious second wife who settles old Al back down. In science speak, the citric acid chelates the aluminum. While some soils are naturally acidic, soil pH has been reduced in many areas across the globe because of acid rain, erosion-causing farming techniques, and ammoniated fertilization. For example, among a host of other soil problems in the area, aluminum toxicity “occurs over 73 percent of Brazilian Amazonia.” The new sorghum variety, in addition to increasing food supply, could help revive barren land. Other living things like mushroom guru
Paul Stamets’ diesel eating fungi, could also help remediate regions that have been thrown out of balance by pollution, erosion, and draught. —Of course, the introduction of non-native or genetically modified plants can still spark fear, despite their widespread use in American varieties of corn, cotton, and soybeans. And, as Berkeley’s Miguel Altieri told us in 2006, these solutions “don’t go to the root cause” of our world’s food problems. He contends that the design of the global food production system, including its dependence on petrochemicals and monoculture, are really to blame for the challenges we face feeding the world’s people without damaging the environment Read More http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2007/09/gm-aluminum-tol/#ixzz0xO21LUGM
“Nothing has harmed the quality of individual life in modern society more than the misbegotten belief that human suffering is driven by biological and genetic causes and can be rectified by taking drugs or undergoing electroshock therapy. […] If I wanted to ruin someone’s life, I would convince the person that biological psychiatry is right — that relationships mean nothing, that choice is impossible, and that the mechanics of a broken brain reign over our emotions and conduct. If I wanted to impair an individual’s capacity to create empathetic, loving relationships, I would prescribe psychiatric drugs, all of which blunt our highest psychological and spiritual functions.”—– Peter R. Breggin, M.D., in the Foreward to Reality Therapy in Action by William Glasser, M.D. (Harper Collins, 2000), p. xi.
Lithium in the Water Supply
In Aldhous Huxley’s Brave New World, the government encourages its citizens to take a sorrow-erasing drug called soma. Huxley’s novel, of course, was a commentary on a society obsessed with pleasure and happiness at the expense of real experiences. -But a new study reminded me of the book and got me wondering: should government medicate its citizens for their own good? In Japan’s Oita Prefecture, cities with higher levels of lithium in their drinking water experienced lower rates of suicide. The study, in the British Journal of Psychiatry, made me wonder if governments should add lithium to the water supply. -Hirochika Ohgami and colleagues at Oita University found a slight, but statistically significant correlation after analysing suicide rates in 18 –municipalities between 2002 and 2005. —Lithium levels ranged between 0.7 and 59 micrograms per litre and suicide rates across Oita varied between 60 and 181 per 100,000 people.—The amount of lithium in drinking water would seem far too low to offer any clinical benefit, since people with bipolar disorder routinely take hundreds of times more lithium each day. But Ohgami’s team points to another study showing that people with bipolar disorder who don’t respond to lithium are still less likely to attempt suicide after taking the drug.—“It seems probable that the anti-suicidal effect of lithium may be unrelated to the mood-stabilising effects and that very low lithium levels may possess an anti-suicidal effect,” they write. —Furthermore, swigging lithium-tainted water for decades could offer some protection against suicide, Ohgami’s team speculates. –This isn’t the first study to link drinking water lithium with suicide prevention. A 1990 study of 27 Texas counties found a similar link, albeit with slightly dodgier statistics that could have led to a spurious association.—However, if sub-clinical levels of lithium truly cuts suicide rates – and neither study establishes this clear-cut relationship – would cities be wise to add a little lithium to their drinking water? —Don’t rule it out, writes Allan Young, director of the Institute of Mental Health a the University of British Columbia, in a commentary accompanying the report:—“A logical first step would be for the Medical Research Council (or a similar body elsewhere) to convene an expert working party to examine the available evidence and suggest further research.”—If larger epidemiological studies suggest the link between lithium and low suicide rates is real and lab research can explain the biological mechanism, real clinical trials might be worth a shot.—“Following up on these findings will not be straightforward or inexpensive, but the eventual benefits for community mental health may be considerable,” Young adds.—The debate that has raged over fluorinated drinking water promises that not everyone will accept the government adding lithium to drinking water. Most studies suggest that low levels of fluoride protect against tooth decay, with few risks. But opposition to the practice persists across both ends of the political spectrum. —If epidemiological, laboratory and clinical studies prove lithium’s safety and effectiveness at preventing suicides, expect an even fiercer debate.
Profile on lithium—the Pros and the Not so Pros
The 1960 standard textbook Goodman and Gilman’s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics observed that lithium has “no biological function” and “the only pharmacological interest in lithium arises in the fact that [it] is toxic– lithium does nothing so positive. Instead it interferes with nerve transmission in general, slowing down the responses of the brain.— Also, the toxic doses required to stop a manic attack are too dangerous.— John Cade accidentally discovered the effect of lithium while injecting it into guinea pigs in his laboratory in Australia. Serendipitously he noticed that the guinea pigs became sedated and even flaccid. As he explained in the 1949 Medical Journal of Australia, “A noteworthy result was that after a latent period of about two hours the animals, although fully conscious, became extremely lethargic and nonresponsive to stimuli for one to two hours before once again becoming normally active and timid– It is, in fact, the now-familiar brain-disabling effect we first saw described in regard to the lobotomizing impact of the neuroleptics. Because this is so disillusioning, the typical textbook of psychiatry makes no mention of the many studies of lithium effects on animals, and the average psychiatrist knows little or nothing about it.— Schou and his two coauthors administered lithium to volunteers, but for too short a period of time to determine its effects. They then gave themselves lithium in doses within the therapeutic range for relatively short periods of one to three weeks.(3) Even though committed to the notion that lithium has no significant effect on “normal volunteers,” their self-reports tell a dramatically different story. All three men were markedly emotionally flattened, especially when seen through the eyes of their families.— The subjective experience was primarily one of indifference and slight general malaise. This led to a certain passivity. The subjects often had a feeling of being at a distance from their environment, as if separated from it by a glass wall…. Intellectual initiative was diminished, and there was a feeling of lowered ability to concentrate and memorize…. The assessment of time was often impaired; it was difficult to decide whether an event had taken place recently or some time ago. (Pp. 715-16)– in a review article in the March 25, 1988, Journal of the American Medical Association that lithium counteracts abnormal moods but “interferes to a remarkably low extent with normal mood level and emotional reactivity— general dulling and blunting of various personality functions” and overall slowing of cognitive processes— It is as if their “intensity of living” dial had been turned down a few notches. Things do not seem so very important or imperative; there is a greater acceptance of everyday life as it is rather than as one might want it to be; and their spouses report a much more peaceful existence. April 1989 Journal of Clinical Psychiatry that patients most frequently stopped because of weight gain and mental impairment, with symptoms of “poor concentration,” “mental confusion,” “mental slowness,” and “memory problems.” lithium causes a tremor in 30 to 50 percent of patients. Tremors can be a warning sign of impending serious toxicity of the brain, especially if it occurs along with other danger signals, such as memory dysfunction, reduced concentration, slowed thinking, confusion, disorientation, difficulty walking, slurred speech, blurred vision, ringing in the ears, nausea, vomiting, and headache. Muscle aches and twitches, weakness, lethargy, and thirst are other common signs of lithium toxicity. In the late stages of toxicity, the patient may become delirious and succumb to seizures and coma. EEG studies indicate an abnormal slowing of brain waves in a significant portion of patients routinely treated with lithium; the condition worsens with toxicity– The danger to memory sometimes goes unmentioned in textbooks, or it is dismissed. The Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry (1989) observes, “Patients may express concern about the effects of lithium carbonate on their learning, memory, spontaneity, or creativity. Although some impairment can be objectively delineated in detailed neuropsychological testing, most patients either do not experience this effect or do not find it unduly impairing” (p. 927). Yet as we’ve seen, many patients are so disturbed by these side effects that they stop taking lithium. Indeed, in a different section of the textbook it is stated, “Complaints of dysphoria, intellectual inefficiency, slowed reaction time, and lack of spontaneity are common, especially early in the course of treatment” (p. 1660). Meanwhile, others will be too blunted to complain.— In 1985 in the French publication L’ Encephale, M-P Marchand presents two cases of “progressive intellectual deterioration” from lithium treatment and relates it to the drug’s known toxic impact on cerebral functioning— Many studies show that the vast majority of patients suffer from one or more side effects, the most common being thirst, dry mouth, metallic taste, excessive urination, weight gain, nausea and other gastrointestinal problems, sleep difficulties, fatigue or lethargy, poor coordination, tremor, and the various other neurological and mental effects— In a March 1989 review in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, James W. Jefferson of the Lithium Information Center at the University of Wisconsin responded to the question, “Does lithium cause kidney rot?” He answered: Not exactly. While lithium is not a kidney-friendly drug, neither does it wreak the havoc on function and morphology [structure] that was suggested by studies in the late 1970s. It is well established that therapeutic amounts of lithium can impair renal concentrating ability, increase urine volume, and cause morphological abnormalities…. Patients can be told that while their kidneys may not win a beauty contest, they can expect them to function adequately for years. On the other hand, when long-term studies become very long-term, the result may not be as encouraging—- Lithium suppresses thyroid function, causing hypothyroidism and goiter, in up to 10 percent of patients. Hypothyroid symptoms of sluggishness can mimic or elicit depression, and the physician can mistakenly interpret the problem as a recurrence of depression requiring more of the offending medication. —Much more rarely, lithium can produce hyperthyroidism, an overactivity of the thyroid gland. It also can produce an excessive output of hormone from the parathyroid gland, causing demineralization and weakening of the bones.”– Lithium raises the white-blood-cell count, and there are reported cases of leukemia in association with lithium treatment— Skin rashes similar to psoriasis and acne frequently are caused by lithium; occasionally a rash persists long after removal from lithium. More than 10 percent of women may experience hair loss on lithium.— Perhaps as an aspect of its suppression of passion, lithium frequently reduces sexuality— Twenty to 30 percent of patients taking lithium develop cardiac abnormalities as measured by electrocardiogram (EKG). Patients with arrhythmias should be cautious about taking lithium.—
Antioxidant-rich spice added to hamburger meat during cooking results in reduced meat, plasma, and urine malondialdehyde concentrations.
Li Z, Henning SM, Zhang Y, Zerlin A, Li L, Gao K, Lee RP, Karp H, Thames G, Bowerman S, Heber D.
University of California, Los Angeles Center for Human Nutrition, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.
BACKGROUND: Emerging science has shown the effect of oxidation products and inflammation on atherogenesis and carcinogenesis. Cooking hamburger meat can promote the formation of malondialdehyde that can be absorbed after ingestion.
OBJECTIVE: We studied the effect of an antioxidant spice mixture on malondialdehyde formation while cooking hamburger meat and its effects on plasma and urinary malondialdehyde concentrations.
DESIGN: Eleven healthy volunteers consumed 2 kinds of burgers in a randomized order: one burger was seasoned with a spice blend, and one burger was not seasoned with the spice blend. The production of malondialdehyde in burgers and malondialdehyde concentrations in plasma and urine after ingestion were measured by HPLC.
RESULTS: Rosmarinic acid from oregano was monitored to assess the effect of cooking on spice antioxidant content. Forty percent (19 mg) of the added rosmarinic acid remained in the spiced burger (SB) after cooking. There was a 71% reduction in the malondialdehyde concentration (mean +/- SD: 0.52 +/- 0.02 micromol/250 g) in the meat of the SBs compared with the malondialdehyde concentration (1.79 +/- 0.17 micromol/250 g) in the meat of the control burgers (CBs). The plasma malondialdehyde concentration increased significantly in the CB group as a change from baseline (P = 0.026). There was a significant time-trend difference (P = 0.013) between the 2 groups. Urinary malondialdehyde concentrations (micromol/g creatinine) decreased by 49% (P = 0.021) in subjects consuming the SBs compared with subjects consuming the CBs.-CONCLUSIONS: The overall effect of adding the spice mixture to hamburger meat before cooking was a reduction in malondialdehyde concentrations in the meat, plasma, and urine after ingestion. Therefore, cooking hamburgers with a polyphenol-rich spice mixture can significantly decrease the concentration of malondialdehyde, which suggests potential health benefits for atherogenesis and carcinogenesis. This trial was registered at clinical trials.gov as NCT01027052. PMID: 20335545 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
Recipe for Hamburger Prep—oregano 1 oz –rosemary 1 oz—onion 1 tbls—and wine—all the ingredients to alleviate toxins in meat—and increase antioxidant activity—this is just one of many ways to reduce the toxic overload of animal proteins—soaking the meat in a vinegar or wine mix with these herbs are another way
Vitamin A and Immune System Changes
The ability of vitamin A to reduce mortality is widely thought to be due to effects on the immune system, which collectively may reduce the severity of disease and increase the likelihood of survival . A number of animal models have been used to better understand the effects of vitamin A deficiency, and repletion, on the immune system . In brief, vitamin A deficiency results in multiple abnormalities in innate and adaptive immunity Vitamin A: Nutritional Aspects of Retinoids and Carotenoids 27-involving cell differentiation, hematopoiesis and blood and lymphoid organ cell populations,-and the organism’s ability to respond to challenges with pathogens, antigens, and mitogens.-Changes, either increases or decreases, in the numbers and functions of B-cells, T-cells,-natural killer cells, antigen-presenting cells, and macrophages have all been reported. Responses are often imbalanced or dysregulated, evident as imbalances in the production of cytokines and type 1 or type 2 immune responses and alterations in cell proliferation and cell–cell interactions. Generally, these abnormalities are mostly or completely reversible by treatment with vitamin A or retinoic acid. In normal animals, retinoic acid has been shown to stimulate innate and adaptive immune responses [228–231]. —Vitamin A is usually well-absorbed – approximately 85% of dietary Vitamin A is absorbed by the body Immune System Changes The ability of vitamin A to reduce mortality is widely thought to be due to effects on the immune system, which collectively may reduce the severity of disease and increase the likelihood of survival . A number of animal models have been used to better understand the effects of vitamin A deficiency, and repletion, on the immune system . In brief, vitamin A deficiency results in multiple abnormalities in innate and adaptive immunity Vitamin A: Nutritional Aspects of Retinoids and Carotenoids 27-involving cell differentiation, hematopoiesis and blood and lymphoid organ cell populations,-and the organism’s ability to respond to challenges with pathogens, antigens, and mitogens.-Changes, either increases or decreases, in the numbers and functions of B-cells, T-cells,-natural killer cells, antigen-presenting cells, and macrophages have all been reported. Responses are often imbalanced or dysregulated, evident as imbalances in the production of cytokines and type 1 or type 2 immune responses and alterations in cell proliferation and cell–cell interactions. Generally, these abnormalities are mostly or completely reversible by treatment with vitamin A or retinoic acid. In normal animals, retinoic acid has been shown to stimulate innate and adaptive immune responses [228–231].
Bloodshot Eyes can occur as a result of Vitamin A deficiency.
Vitamin A is an adjunct in the treatment of Blurred Vision (according to anecdotal reports). Vitamin A is an adjunct in the treatment of Cataracts (according to anecdotal reports).
Conjunctivitis can occur as a result of Vitamin A deficiency and supplemental Vitamin A is an adjunct in the treatment of Conjunctivitis.
Vitamin A maintains the health of the Cornea of the Eyes and Vitamin A deficiency can cause ulceration of the Cornea (Keratomalacia).
Double Vision can occur as a result of severe Vitamin A deficiency.
Dry Eyes (xerophthalmia) can occur as a result of Vitamin A deficiency and supplemental Vitamin A (especially topical Eye Drops containing Vitamin A) can reverse the underlying process that causes Dry Eyes.
Eye Inflammation can occur as a result of Vitamin A deficiency.
Vitamin A (Retinyl Palmitate and Retinol forms) concentrate in the Lens of the Eye where it exerts Antioxidant effects that help to protect the Lens from oxidative damage.
Vitamin A improves the structural integrity of the Mucous Membrane linings of the Eyes.–Night Blindness (nyctalopia) or poor Night vision can occur as a result of Vitamin A deficiency (due to the 11-cis Retinal form of Vitamin A’s role in the formation of Rhodopsin). –Vitamin A (Retinyl Palmitate and Retinol forms) concentrate in the Retina of the Eyes where it exerts Antioxidant effects that help to protect the Retina from oxidative damage.—Vitamin A (15,000 IU of the Retinyl Palmitate form per day) retards the further progression of Retinitis Pigmentosa. The Retinyl Palmitate form of Vitamin A (an especially stable form of Vitamin A) inhibits the degeneration of the Retina of the Eyes associated with Retinopathy: Human studies have demonstrated that Retinyl Palmitate supplementation allows Retinopathy patients to retain their eyesight for an average of seven years longer than would otherwise be expected.–
Vitamin A is an adjunct in the treatment of Short-Sightedness (according to anecdotal reports).
Immune System —CVitamin A helps to prevent most Bacterial & Viral Diseases and Vitamin A deficiency increases susceptibility to Bacterial & Viral Diseases (via numerous mechanisms that involve the Immune System)– Vitamin A is useful in the treatment of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS):
Vitamin A retards the onset of full-blown AIDS in persons who are infected with the HIV virus.–High Vitamin A concentrations may suppress the replication of the HIV virus in Macrophages.–Vitamin A deficiency has been correlated with increased (earlier) mortality in AIDS patients.–Vitamin A helps to increase the number of circulating Helper T-Cells in AIDS patients.–Vitamin A supplementation (during early Pregnancy) dramatically reduces the rate of vertical transmission (i.e. from mother to infant) of the HIV virus.
Vitamin A deficiency increases the body’s susceptibility to Chickenpox infection.
Vitamin A (50,000 – 150,000 IU per day for three to five days) may exert anti-viral effects against the Viruses that cause the Common Cold—CVitamin A (50,000 – 150,000 IU per day for three to five days) may exert anti-viral effects against the Viruses that cause Influenza. Vitamin A reduces the mortality rate in children infected with Measles by up to 50%. Vitamin A (12,500 – 25,000 IU per day) significantly reduces the severity of the Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV). Vitamin A helps to prevent infections from Viruses.
CVitamin A prevents many types of Cancer and Vitamin A therapy suppresses the further growth of the (already established) tumors involved in some types of Cancer:
Vitamin A helps to prevent Basal Cell Carcinoma.
Vitamin A (40,000 IU per day) reduces the recurrence of Bladder Cancer Tumors in people with existing Bladder Cancer by up to 53%.
Vitamin A helps to prevent Breast Cancer.
Vitamin A helps to prevent Cervical Cancer.
Vitamin A helps to prevent Colon Cancer.
Vitamin A (100,000 IU per day) “may” help to treat Glioblastoma Multiforme.
The Retinyl Palmitate (300,000 IU – 1,500,000 IU per day, caution: a high dosage) form of Vitamin A helps to prevent Larynx Cancer (laryngeal cancer).
The Retinoic Acid form of Vitamin A (administered orally) can “direct” the cancerous cells involved in Leukemia to mature and die like normal cells.
Vitamin A helps to prevent Liver Cancer.
Vitamin A inhibits the tumor promotion stage of Lung Cancer.
Vitamin A inhibits and suppresses the development of the tumors associated with Mouth Cancer.
Vitamin A protects against Pharynx Cancer (Pharyngeal Cancer) by strengthening the Mucous Membranes of the Pharynx.
Vitamin A helps to prevent Prostate Cancer by strengthening the Mucous Membranes of the Prostate.
Vitamin A can prevent the progress of Skin Cancers by stimulating normal Cell differentiation.
Supplemental Vitamin A increases the effectiveness of orthodox medical treatments for Cancer (such as Surgery, Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy).
Vitamin A stimulates various aspects of the Immune System: Vitamin A increases the effectiveness of the cells that produce Antibodies and Vitamin A deficiency can cause impairment in the response of Antibodies to challenges by Antigens.
Vitamin A deficiency causes a reduction in the production of B-Lymphocytes. Vitamin A deficiency can cause a decline in the production of Helper T-Cells.
Vitamin A increases the proliferation of Lymphocytes in response to challenges by Antigens and Mitogens.
Vitamin A enhances the function of Macrophages.
Vitamin A enhances the function of Neutrophils.
Vitamin A deficiency impairs the function of NK Lymphocytes.
Vitamin A deficiency causes degeneration and atrophy of the Spleen.
Vitamin A protects and strengthens the Thymus and supplemental Vitamin A can cause the Thymus to (beneficially) double in size. research
Vitamin A enhances the ability of the Thymus to manufacture T-Lymphocytes and Vitamin A deficiency can cause impairment of T-
Lymphocyte response. research
Vitamin A enhances the function of White Blood Cells.
Vitamin A (100,000 IU daily for two weeks) improves various impairments of the function of the Immune System in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) patients.
Most persons afflicted with Celiac Disease are found to be deficient in Vitamin A (indicating that supplemental Vitamin A would benefit Celiac Disease patients). Crohn’s Disease patients are generally found to be deficient in Vitamin A (and supplemental Vitamin A (50,000 IU per day) may counteract this deficiency).
Diarrhea can occur as a result of Vitamin A deficiency: —Supplemental Vitamin A significantly reduces the incidence of (childhood) Diarrhea.
Vitamin A (when used in conjunction with Vitamin C) alleviates Halitosis.
Vitamin A alleviates Heartburn. — Vitamin A may reduce Intestinal Permeability (due to its role in improving the structural integrity of the Mucous Membranes of the Intestines). —Vitamin A improves the structural integrity of the Mucous Membranes that line the Intestinal Wall of the Small Intestine.–Vitamin A helps to prevent infestation with some types of Intestinal Parasites — Vitamin A helps to prevent infestation with most types of Roundworms. — Vitamin A facilitates the growth of Parietal Cells of the Gastric Mucosa of the Stomach. Vitamin A is useful for the treatment of Peptic Ulcers -Vitamin A (50,000 IU per day) facilitates the healing of Gastric Ulcers.
Recipe Vitamin A—take a capsule of Vitamin A 25,000 and and 2 ounces of water and Vinegar 1 tablspn—Mix and when fizzing drink-This will accelerate the input of the vitamin A—it appears the Vitamin a with vinegar is easier to access by the system and should tremendously reduce tumour and skin dysfunctions
Utilize more palm oil as well to increase Vitamin A—
lipoxygenase /li·poxy·ge·nase/ (lĭ-pok´sĭ-jĕ-nās) an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids to form a peroxide of the acid.– lipoxygenase n catalytic enzyme that facilitates the synthesis of leukotrienes by converting arachidonic acid to hydroxyeicosenoic acid via an oxidative process.
Show of the Week August 27 2010
Vinegar decreases allergenic response in lentil and egg food allergy
SOY CONTAMINATION to HEALTH— Dangers of Dietary Isoflavones- Soy Stimulates breast cancer growth- Soy – Abundance of Health Hazards–
Recipe for Bowel Irregularity
‘MacStatins’ are not the answer to unhealthy food
Vinegar decreases allergenic response in lentil and egg food allergy.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2010 Mar-Apr;38(2):74-7
Authors: Armentia A, DueÃ±as-Laita A, Pineda F, Herrero M, MartÃn B
BACKGROUND: Food allergy results from an atypical response of the mucosal immune system to orally consumed allergens. Antacid medication inhibits the digestion of dietary proteins and causes food allergy. A decrease of the gastric pH might enhance the function of digestion and reduce the risk of food allergy. OBJECTIVE: To test a possible decrease in the allergenicity of powerful food allergens (egg, chicken, lentils) with the addition of vinegar during the cooking process. METHODS: We included seven patients who suffered from anaphylaxis due to egg, chicken and lentils. We added vinegar to egg, chicken and lentil processed extracts used for skin prick tests (SPT) and compared the wheal areas obtained with the same extracts sources and the same way but without vinegar addition. Immunodetection was performed with the different processed extracts and patients’ sera. Only one patient consented food challenge with vinegar-marinated-chicken. RESULTS: Wheal areas were significantly minor with the food extract with vinegar. Immunodetection showed a decrease of the response with vinegar processed extracts. CONCLUSIONS: Vinegar addition during the cooking process may decrease lentil and chicken allergenicity.—PMID: 19879037 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
We can see people are still gathering to “speak their mind” ~ this is what we need to see surrounding all the lies and manipulations.
Date: Wednesday, August 18, 2010, 10:44 PM
URL of this article: http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=20656
GMO grapevines destroyed (AFP)
French citizens destroy trial vineyard
Early Sunday morning, French police stood help less as sixty people, locked inside an open-air field of genetically modified grapevines, uprooted all the plants. In Spain last month, dozens of people destroyed two GMO fields. On the millennial cusp, Indian farmers burned Bt cotton in their Cremate Monsanto campaign. Ignored by multinational corporations and corrupt public policy makers, citizens act to protect the food supply and the planet. The French vineyard is the same field attacked last year when the plants were only cut. But the security features installed after that incident kept authorities at bay while the group accomplished its mission yesterday. Speaking for the group, Olivier Florent told Le Figero that they condemned the use of public funds for open-field testing of GMOs “that we do not want.” Pitching tents in the rain near France’s National Institute for Agronomic Research (INRA) site in Colmar the night before, the group waited until 5 AM before converging on the site and locking the gates behind them. They uprooted all 70 plants, then submitted to arrest. This is the second attack on GMO crops to make international news this year. In July dozens of people destroyed two experimental corn crops in Spain. In an anonymous press release, they wrote, “This kind of direct action is the best way to respond to the fait accompli policy through which the Generalitat, the State and the biotech multinationals have been unilaterally imposing genetically modified organisms.” In the 1990s, Indian farmers burnt Bt cotton fields in their Cremate Monsanto campaign. Monsanto did not disclose to farmers that the GM seeds were experimental. “Despite the heavy use of chemical fertiliser, traces of which still can be observed in the field, the Bt plants grew miserably, less than half the size of the traditional cotton plants in the adjacent fields.”
After the Haiti earthquake this year, Monsanto offered 475 tons of hybrid corn and terminator vegetable seeds in partnership with USAID. In June, 10,000 Haitian farmers marched in protest of the “poison gift” which produces no viable seeds for future plantings and requires heavy chemical inputs. Haitian farm leader Chavannes Jean-Baptiste observed that the biotech plan makes farmers dependent on multinational corporations. In the US, GMOs were secretly foisted on the public in the mid-1990s, and only now is the US Supreme Court addressing the scourge. In June, the high court upheld partial deregulation of GM alfalfa, which permits limited planting while the USDA prepares an Environmental Impact Statement. Natural and organic alfalfa supply is threatened by the very real potential of GM contamination. This would destroy the organic meat and dairy industry. Last Friday, a federal court took a tougher position on GM sugar beets. Judge Jeffrey S. White revoked USDA approval of the GM beet, while allowing for its planting this year only. Also this month, a British farmer exposed that milk and meat from cloned animals had secretly entered the food supply. Public opposition to GM crops has grown in recent years as more evidence surfaces that DNA-altered crops:
Require massive chemical inputs which destroy local biodiversity and poison the water tables;
Cross-pollinate with natural and weedy crops;
Create superweeds; and
Have been shown to cause organ damage, sterility, and diabetes and obesity in mammals.
Meanwhile, President Obama has stacked his Administration with biotech insiders going so far as to appoint Islam Siddiqui as Agriculture Trade Negotiator. Siddiqui is a former pesticide lobbyist and vice president of CropLife America, a biotech and pesticide trade group that lobbies to weaken environmental laws. The US is pushing hard at the world to accept GM foods. Recently, the American Farm Bureau Federation called for stronger sanctions against the European Union for its GM crop ban. –But as governments and trade agreements circumvent the will of the people, some take matters into their own hands. The rise in GMO crop destruction is a clear indication that the world’s people reject chemical and genetic pollution of the food supply and the environment.
Recipe for Bowel Irregularity—take 2-3 apples peeled—Add ¼ cup of aloe Vera Gel—1-2 beets ( peeled) add either galangal 1 tsp or peppermint essential oil 1 drop—mix or blend –then consume after a meal or anytime during the day
‘MacStatins’ are not the answer to unhealthy food
Do you want a statin with that cheeseburger and milkshake? Touting pharmaceuticals as the neutralisers of fast food is not the answer to unhealthy diets and even the suggestion sends out the wrong message. –Last week, researchers from Imperial College London published a study in The American Journal of Cardiology with the conclusion that handing out statins with a cheeseburger could neutralise the detrimental effects of daily fast food consumption. –Do we really want to give some people carte blanche to eat fast food in excess? The authors, led by Dr Darrel Francis, emphasize that they are not encouraging people to eat unhealthily, but argue that, since many people fail to follow a healthy lifestyle, a ‘MacStatin’ may provide protection against heart disease. Not only that, but statins would only add an extra 5p per customer onto the cost of the meal! If it’s all about neutralising the cholesterol, and particularly LDL-cholesterol, how about we formulate the accompanying milkshake with omega-3 and phytosterols? I’m not suggesting we do this, but I think we should look to add food ingredients to food before pharmaceuticals.
But to focus on the ‘bad’ fats in fast food is short-sighted. Indeed, the British Heart Foundation (which financially supports Dr Francis) was quick to state that the suggestion should not be taken literally. “A junk food diet has a wealth of unhealthy consequences beyond raising cholesterol. It can cause high blood pressure through too much salt, or obesity through eating meals loaded with calories. These are all risk factors for life-threatening health problems such as heart disease, type-2 diabetes and stroke,” said the BHF’s Professor Peter Weissberg.
The easy road
Handing out a pill appears easier than facing up to the two main problems here: Educational (why are we not teaching nutrition in schools?) and financial (why do fresh broccoli and wholegrain bread cost more than a cheeseburger?). A little over a year ago, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) made similar noises when it announced recommendations to prescribe cholesterol-lowering statin drugs to obese children as young as eight. —Are we really at the point where we give up and just hand out drugs? I do agree with Dr Francis and his co-workers on the following statement: “We stress that there should be greater pressure on fast food corporations to develop healthier menus and to encourage regular physical activity and weight control.” The food and nutrition industries are producing a growing range of healthy foods, and fast food outlets are improving their menus – they do still have the old favourites, but they are making progress. Of course more could be done, but we’re heading in the right direction. -I also have a couple of questions on the implications of the health claims regulation. Is the regulation really helping the situation by neutering the food industry on what can and cannot be said on healthy foods? Is it dissuading the food industry from pursuing healthy foods because they fear failure when it comes to making claims? If the science to support such claims is not there, then this rightly will be stopped and the consumer protected, but we are seeing some eyebrow-raising opinions from our friends at EFSA. –Where we can make a big impact is to educate consumers about the benefits of a healthy lifestyle and this has to start early. Prescribing obese eight-year olds statins is not sending out the right message. —My order of the day is super-sized nutrition education. Hold the statins.
Show of the Week August 30 2010
EFSA set to mass reject 100s of herbal health claims
FDA calls meeting to consider genetically engineered salmon
Low-Load High Volume Resistance Exercise Stimulates Muscle Protein Synthesis More Than High-Load Low Volume Resistance Exercise in Young Men
Healthy-sounding’ label claims could mislead consumers says Which
Rectal Cancer Rates Are Rising in Young Individuals, Analysis Find
Rectal Cancer Rates Are Rising in Young Individuals, Analysis Finds
.ScienceDaily (Aug. 27, 2010) — A new analysis has found that while colon cancer rates have remained steady over the past several decades among people under the age of 40, rectal cancer rates are increasing in this population across races and in both sexes.—Published early online in Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study indicates that greater efforts are needed to diagnose rectal cancer in young individuals who show potential signs of the disease.—Rectal cancer is considered to be rare among young individuals in the United States. Because underestimating rectal cancer’s incidence may lead to missed or delayed diagnoses in younger people, Joshua Meyer, MD, a radiation oncologist currently at Fox Chase Cancer Center, led a team that analyzed trends in rectal cancer incidence in the United States compared with colon cancer trends. Dr. Meyer worked on this research while at the New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center in New York City.–By conducting a retrospective study using data from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) cancer registry, the investigators identified 7,661 colon and rectal cancer patients under age 40 years between 1973 and 2005. The researchers then calculated the change in incidence over time for colon and rectal cancers.–Overall rates of colon and of rectal cancer were low during the years of the study (1.11 cases and 0.42 cases per 100,000, respectively). While colon cancer rates remained essentially flat in individuals under age 40 years in recent decades, rectal cancer rates have been increasing since 1984. Specifically, between 1984 and 2005, the rate of rectal cancer diagnosis rose 3.8% per year.—“We suggest that in young people presenting with rectal bleeding or other common signs of rectal cancer, endoscopic evaluation should be considered in order to rule out a malignancy,” said Dr. Meyer. “This is in contrast to what is frequently done, which is to attribute these findings to hemorrhoids. More frequent endoscopic evaluation may be able to decrease the documented delay in diagnosis among young people,” he explained. Because the overall incidence of rectal cancer is relatively low, the authors do not advocate for a change in screening guidelines.Story Source: –The above story is reprinted (with editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff) from materials provided by American Cancer Society, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.
Journal Reference: –1 Joshua E. Meyer, Tarun Narang, Felice H. Schnoll-Sussman, Mark B. Pochapin, Paul J. Christos, David L. Sherr. Increasing incidence of rectal cancer in patients under age 40: an analysis of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Cancer, 2010; DOI: 10.1002/cncr.25432
EFSA set to mass reject 100s of herbal health claims
Hundreds of proposed botanical-health relationships ranging from antioxidant activity to skin health to immunity to gut health will almost certainly be rejected if the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) holds to its current methodologies, according to an EU herbal group. –Patrick Coppens, the secretary general of the European Botanical Forum, said it was unlikely any herbs in line for assessment in the third batch of article 13.1 claims, would win positive opinions. —“If EFSA continues to ignore the existing consensus on the traditional effects of these botanicals, we expect not a single one of these plants to survive the claims process,” Coppens said. –A sneak preview obtained by NutraIngredients of 100s of herbs that have been processed by EFSA’s health claims panel but not yet published, indicates an exhaustive list has been assessed including cranberry, lutein/zeaxanthin, green and black tea, Echinacea, sea buckthorn, rosehip, ginkgo, rosehip, hibiscus, arnica and eucalyptus. –The prebiotic industry will also be holding its breath as chicory, oligosaccharides, isomalto-oligosaccharides and polysaccharides have all had their dossiers assessed by EFSA’s Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA). —“The approach EFSA has adopted is not appropriate for botanicals,” Coppens added. — “The kind of studies requested are not even available for traditional medicinal products. We trust the Commission and the Member States acknowledge this and continue to seek solutions for this valuable category of health products.” –An EFSA spokesperson said the third batch of opinions would be published at the end of September or beginning of September. — Other herbal health claims the NDA has dealt with include green coffee, guarana, blueberry extracts, mangosteen, schisandra, marjolaine feuille, grape seed extracts and broccoli extracts. Typically, the claims are antioxidant related
FDA calls meeting to consider genetically engineered salmon
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has said its Veterinary Medicine Advisory Committee will meet on September 19 and 20 to discuss the possible commercialization of genetically engineered salmon. —AquaBounty of Waltham, Massachusetts says it has developed salmon that have been genetically modified to reach market size in half the time of traditional salmon – a trait that could help feed a growing global population and protect dwindling fish stocks, the company claims. — If the Veterinary Medicine Advisory Committee (VMAC) decides that the fish are fit for human consumption, it would be the first animal produced through genetic engineering to be approved. Some environmentalists and scientists have said they see this as a watershed case, with the result likely to either pave the way for further genetic engineering of food animals or discourage its use. — The VMAC has said it will discuss the fishing and disease pressures on wild fish stocks; the genetics and farming of Atlantic salmon around the world; and the potential risks of GE fish, including possible mitigation strategies. –“This is welcome and exciting news for the Company as we near the end of the detailed and necessary process to receive regulatory approval for our AquAdvantage Salmon,” President and CEO of AquaBounty Dr. Ronald Stotish said in a statement. –“The meeting will provide an opportunity for the public to understand how the application of our technology will enable the safe and sustainable production of high quality fish. We believe the economic and environmental benefits of our salmon will very effectively help to meet the demand for food from the growing world population.” –The FDA said it could not estimate how long it might take to review public comments following next month’s meeting. Information on the VMAC meeting is available here .
After the committee convenes, the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition has said it will lead a public hearing on September 21 to consider the legal issues around labeling of AquAvantage salmon. –At the moment, foods produced through genetic modification are not required to be labeled as such in the United States, and the FDA’s position has been that labeling should not “suggest or imply that GM/GE foods are in any way different from other foods”.
Low-Load High Volume Resistance Exercise Stimulates Muscle Protein Synthesis More Than High-Load Low Volume Resistance Exercise in Young Men
1 Exercise Metabolism Research Group, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, 2 School of Graduate Entry Medicine and Health, City Hospital, University of Nottingham, Derby, United Kingdom, 3 Department of Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, 4 Department of Neurology, Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada—Nicholas A. Burd1, Daniel W. D. West1, Aaron W. Staples1, Philip J. Atherton2, Jeff M. Baker1, Daniel R. Moore1, Andrew M. Holwerda1, Gianni Parise1,3, Michael J. Rennie2, Steven K. Baker4, Stuart M. Phillips1*
We aimed to determine the effect of resistance exercise intensity (% 1 repetition maximum—1RM) and volume on muscle protein synthesis, anabolic signaling, and myogenic gene expression.
Fifteen men (21±1 years; BMI = 24.1±0.8 kg/m2) performed 4 sets of unilateral leg extension exercise at different exercise loads and/or volumes: 90% of repetition maximum (1RM) until volitional failure (90FAIL), 30% 1RM work-matched to 90%FAIL (30WM), or 30% 1RM performed until volitional failure (30FAIL). Infusion of [ring-13C6] phenylalanine with biopsies was used to measure rates of mixed (MIX), myofibrillar (MYO), and sarcoplasmic (SARC) protein synthesis at rest, and 4 h and 24 h after exercise. Exercise at 30WM induced a significant increase above rest in MIX (121%) and MYO (87%) protein synthesis at 4 h post-exercise and but at 24 h in the MIX only. The increase in the rate of protein synthesis in MIX and MYO at 4 h post-exercise with 90FAIL and 30FAIL was greater than 30WM, with no difference between these conditions; however, MYO remained elevated (199%) above rest at 24 h only in 30FAIL. There was a significant increase in AktSer473 at 24h in all conditions (P = 0.023) and mTORSer2448 phosphorylation at 4 h post-exercise (P = 0.025). Phosporylation of Erk1/2Tyr202/204, p70S6KThr389, and 4E-BP1Thr37/46 increased significantly (P<0.05) only in the 30FAIL condition at 4 h post-exercise, whereas, 4E-BP1Thr37/46 phosphorylation was greater 24 h after exercise than at rest in both 90FAIL (237%) and 30FAIL (312%) conditions. Pax7 mRNA expression increased at 24 h post-exercise (P = 0.02) regardless of condition. The mRNA expression of MyoD and myogenin were consistently elevated in the 30FAIL condition.
These results suggest that low-load high volume resistance exercise is more effective in inducing acute muscle anabolism than high-load low volume or work matched resistance exercise modes.
Healthy-sounding’ label claims could mislead consumers says Which?
A survey by the consumer magazine Which? has warned that consumers are confused over common ‘healthy-sounding’ claims found on food labels. —The survey of over 1,000 people revealed that a third believed the phrase ‘real fruit’ to mean that fruit was the main ingredient, while 43 per cent believed that drinks labelled as ‘juice drink’ must contain at least a quarter fruit juice. —Which? reported that although certain terms – such as organic and free-range – are specifically defined under food labelling rules, terms like ‘fresh’ and ‘natural’ are only subject to guidance and can cause confusion for consumers. —The consumer magazine reported “certain food and drink brands are baffling people with how they market products with words such as ‘pure’, ‘fresh’, ‘natural’ and ‘real’” —Which? cited specific examples of products using “healthy-sounding” descriptions whilst failing to highlight unhealthy aspects such as sugar content, stating that under European food law labelling and presentation of food should not mislead consumers,