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The Organic Elite Surrenders to Monsanto
by Ronnie Cummins
“The policy set for GE alfalfa will most likely guide policies for other GE crops as well. True coexistence is a must.” — Whole Foods Market, Jan. 21, 2011
In the wake of a 12-year battle to keep Monsanto’s Genetically Engineered (GE) crops from contaminating the nation’s 25,000 organic farms and ranches, America’s organic consumers and producers are facing betrayal. A self-appointed cabal of the Organic Elite, spearheaded by Whole Foods Market , Organic Valley , and Stonyfield Farm , has decided it’s time to surrender to Monsanto. Top executives from these companies have publicly admitted that they no longer oppose the mass commercialization of GE crops, such as Monsanto’s controversial Roundup Ready alfalfa, and are prepared to sit down and cut a deal for “coexistence” with Monsanto and USDA biotech cheerleader Tom Vilsack. —In a cleverly worded, but profoundly misleading email sent to its customers last week, Whole Foods Market, while proclaiming their support for organics and “seed purity,” gave the green light to USDA bureaucrats to approve the “conditional deregulation” of Monsanto’s genetically engineered, herbicide-resistant alfalfa. Beyond the regulatory euphemism of “conditional deregulation,” this means that WFM and their colleagues are willing to go along with the massive planting of a chemical and energy-intensive GE perennial crop, alfalfa; guaranteed to spread its mutant genes and seeds across the nation; guaranteed to contaminate the alfalfa fed to organic animals; guaranteed to lead to massive poisoning of farm workers and destruction of the essential soil food web by the toxic herbicide, Roundup; and guaranteed to produce Roundup-resistant superweeds that will require even more deadly herbicides such as 2,4 D to be sprayed on millions of acres of alfalfa across the U.S.
In exchange for allowing Monsanto’s premeditated pollution of the alfalfa gene pool, WFM wants “compensation.” In payment for a new broad spectrum attack on the soil’s crucial ability to provide nutrition for food crops and to sequester dangerous greenhouse gases (recent studies show that Roundup devastates essential soil microorganisms that provide plant nutrition and sequester climate-destabilizing greenhouse gases), WFM wants the Biotech Bully of St. Louis to agree to pay “compensation” (i.e. hush money) to farmers “for any losses related to the contamination of his crop.”
In its email of Jan. 21, 2011 WFM calls for “public oversight by the USDA rather than reliance on the biotechnology industry,” even though WFM knows full well that federal regulations on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) do not require pre-market safety testing, nor labeling; and that even federal judges have repeatedly ruled that so-called government “oversight” of Frankencrops such as Monsanto’s sugar beets and alfalfa is basically a farce. At the end of its email, WFM admits that its surrender to Monsanto is permanent: “The policy set for GE alfalfa will most likely guide policies for other GE crops as well True coexistence is a must.” –Why Is Organic Inc. Surrendering?
According to informed sources, the CEOs of WFM and Stonyfield are personal friends of former Iowa governor, now USDA Secretary, Tom Vilsack, and in fact made financial contributions to Vilsack’s previous electoral campaigns. Vilsack was hailed as “Governor of the Year” in 2001 by the Biotechnology Industry Organization, and traveled in a Monsanto corporate jet on the campaign trail. Perhaps even more fundamental to Organic Inc.’s abject surrender is the fact that the organic elite has become more and more isolated from the concerns and passions of organic consumers and locavores. The Organic Inc. CEOs are tired of activist pressure, boycotts, and petitions. Several of them have told me this to my face. They apparently believe that the battle against GMOs has been lost, and that it’s time to reach for the consolation prize. The consolation prize they seek is a so-called “coexistence” between the biotech Behemoth and the organic community that will lull the public to sleep and greenwash the unpleasant fact that Monsanto’s unlabeled and unregulated genetically engineered crops are now spreading their toxic genes on 1/3 of U.S. (and 1/10 of global) crop land.—WFM and most of the largest organic companies have deliberately separated themselves from anti-GMO efforts and cut off all funding to campaigns working to label or ban GMOs. The so-called Non-GMO Project , funded by Whole Foods and giant wholesaler United Natural Foods (UNFI) is basically a greenwashing effort (although the 100% organic companies involved in this project seem to be operating in good faith[U1]) to show that certified organic foods are basically free from GMOs (we already know this since GMOs are banned in organic production), while failing to focus on so-called “natural” foods, which constitute most of WFM and UNFI’s sales and are routinely contaminated with GMOs. —From their “business as usual” perspective, successful lawsuits against GMOs filed by public interest groups such as the Center for Food Safety; or noisy attacks on Monsanto by groups like the Organic Consumers Association, create bad publicity, rattle their big customers such as Wal-Mart, Target, Kroger, Costco, Supervalu, Publix and Safeway; and remind consumers that organic crops and foods such as corn, soybeans, and canola are slowly but surely becoming contaminated by Monsanto’s GMOs.—Whole Food’s Dirty Little Secret: Most of the So-Called “Natural” Processed Foods and Animal Products They Sell Are Contaminated with GMOs–The main reason, however, why Whole Foods is pleading for coexistence with Monsanto, Dow, Bayer, Syngenta, BASF and the rest of the biotech bullies, is that they desperately want the controversy surrounding genetically engineered foods and crops to go away. Why? Because they know, just as we do, that 2/3 of WFM’s $9 billion annual sales is derived from so-called “natural” processed foods and animal products that are contaminated with GMOs. We and our allies have tested their so-called “natural” products (no doubt WFM’s lab has too) containing non-organic corn and soy, and guess what: they’re all contaminated with GMOs, in contrast to their certified organic products, which are basically free of GMOs, or else contain barely detectable trace amounts.–Approximately 2/3 of the products sold by Whole Foods Market and their main distributor, United Natural Foods (UNFI) are not certified organic, but rather are conventional (chemical-intensive and GMO-tainted) foods and products disguised as “natural.”—Unprecedented wholesale and retail control of the organic marketplace by UNFI and Whole Foods, employing a business model of selling twice as much so-called “natural” food as certified organic food, coupled with the takeover of many organic companies by multinational food corporations such as Dean Foods, threatens the growth of the organic movement.—Covering Up GMO Contamination: Perpetrating “Natural” Fraud—Many well-meaning consumers are confused about the difference between conventional products marketed as “natural,” and those nutritionally/environmentally superior and climate-friendly products that are “certified organic.” —Retail stores like WFM and wholesale distributors like UNFI have failed to educate their customers about the qualitative difference between natural and certified organic, conveniently glossing over the fact that nearly all of the processed “natural” foods and products they sell contain GMOs, or else come from a “natural” supply chain where animals are force-fed GMO grains in factory farms or Confined Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs).—A troubling trend in organics today is the calculated shift on the part of certain large formerly organic brands from certified organic ingredients and products to so-called “natural” ingredients. With the exception of the “grass-fed and grass-finished” meat sector, most “natural” meat, dairy, and eggs are coming from animals reared on GMO grains and drugs, and confined, entirely, or for a good portion of their lives, in CAFOs. —Whole Foods and UNFI are maximizing their profits by selling quasi-natural products at premium organic prices. Organic consumers are increasingly left without certified organic choices while genuine organic farmers and ranchers continue to lose market share to “natural” imposters. It’s no wonder that less than 1% of American farmland is certified organic, while well-intentioned but misled consumers have boosted organic and “natural” purchases to $80 billion annually-approximately 12% of all grocery store sales. The Solution: Truth-in-Labeling Will Enable Consumers to Drive So-Called “Natural” GMO and CAFO-Tainted Foods Off the Market[U2]—There can be no such thing as “coexistence” with a reckless industry that undermines public health, destroys biodiversity, damages the environment, tortures and poisons animals, destabilizes the climate, and economically devastates the world’s 1.5 billion seed-saving small farmers. There is no such thing as coexistence between GMOs and organics in the European Union. Why? Because in the EU there are almost no GMO crops under cultivation, nor[U3] GM consumer food products on supermarket shelves. And why is this? Because under EU law, all foods containing GMOs or GMO ingredients must be labeled. Consumers have the freedom to choose or not to choose GMOs; while farmers, food processors, and retailers have (at least legally) the right to lace foods with GMOs, as long as they are safety-tested and labeled. Of course the EU food industry understands that consumers, for the most part, do not want to purchase or consume GE foods. European farmers and food companies, even junk food purveyors like McDonald’s and Wal-Mart, understand quite well the concept expressed by a Monsanto executive when GMOs first came on the market: “If you put a label on genetically engineered food you might as well put a skull and crossbones on it.”—The biotech industry and Organic Inc. are supremely conscious of the fact that North American consumers, like their European counterparts, are wary and suspicious of GMO foods. Even without a PhD, consumers understand you don’t want your food safety or environmental sustainability decisions to be made by out-of-control chemical companies like Monsanto, Dow, or Dupont – the same people who brought you toxic pesticides, Agent Orange, PCBs, and now global warming. Industry leaders are acutely aware of the fact that every single industry or government poll over the last 16 years has shown that 85-95% of American consumers want mandatory labels on GMO foods. Why? So that we can avoid buying them. GMO foods have absolutely no benefits for consumers or the environment, only hazards. This is why Monsanto and their friends in the Bush, Clinton, and Obama administrations have prevented consumer GMO truth-in-labeling laws from getting a public discussion in Congress.
Although Congressman Dennis Kucinich (Democrat, Ohio) recently introduced a bill in Congress calling for mandatory labeling and safety testing for GMOs, don’t hold your breath for Congress to take a stand for truth-in-labeling and consumers’ right to know what’s in their food. Especially since the 2010 Supreme Court decision in the so-called “Citizens United” case gave big corporations and billionaires the right to spend unlimited amounts of money (and remain anonymous, as they do so) to buy media coverage and elections, our chances of passing federal GMO labeling laws against the wishes of Monsanto and Food Inc. are all but non-existent. Perfectly dramatizing the “Revolving Door ” between Monsanto and the Federal Government, Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas, formerly chief counsel for Monsanto, delivered one of the decisive votes in the Citizens United case, in effect giving Monsanto and other biotech bullies the right to buy the votes it needs in the U.S. Congress.–With big money controlling Congress and the media, we have little choice but to shift our focus and go local. We’ve got to concentrate our forces where our leverage and power lie, in the marketplace, at the retail level; pressuring retail food stores to voluntarily label their products; while on the legislative front we must organize a broad coalition to pass mandatory GMO (and CAFO) labeling laws, at the city, county, and state levels.
The Organic Consumers Association, joined by our consumer, farmer, environmental, and labor allies, has just launched a nationwide Truth-in-Labeling campaign to stop Monsanto and the Biotech Bullies from force-feeding unlabeled GMOs to animals and humans.
Utilizing scientific data, legal precedent, and consumer power the OCA and our local coalitions will educate and mobilize at the grassroots level to pressure giant supermarket chains (Wal-Mart, Kroger, Costco, Safeway, Supervalu, and Publix) and natural food retailers such as Whole Foods and Trader Joe’s to voluntarily implement “truth-in-labeling” practices for GMOs and CAFO products; while simultaneously organizing a critical mass to pass mandatory local and state truth-in-labeling ordinances – similar to labeling laws already in effect for country of origin, irradiated food, allergens, and carcinogens. If local and state government bodies refuse to take action, wherever possible we must attempt to gather sufficient petition signatures and place these truth-in-labeling initiatives directly on the ballot in 2011 or 2012. If you’re interesting in helping organize or coordinate a Millions Against Monsanto and Factory Farms Truth-in-Labeling campaign in your local community, sign up here: http://organicconsumers.org/oca-volunteer/
To pressure Whole Foods Market and the nation’s largest supermarket chains to voluntarily adopt truth-in-labeling practices sign here, and circulate this petition widely: http://www.organicconsumers.org/articles/article_22309.cfm
New Probiotic Combats Inflammatory Bowel Disease
ScienceDaily (Feb. 1, 2011) — You know the probiotics in your peach yogurt are healthful, but now it appears they may also be a powerful treatment for disease. A genetically tweaked version of a common probiotic found in yogurt and cheese appears to be an effective therapy for inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. It may also prove to be useful in colon cancer, another disease triggered by inflammation.—Northwestern Medicine researchers deleted a gene in the probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus and fed the new form to mice with two different models of colitis. After 13 days of treatment, the novel probiotic strain nearly eliminated colon inflammation in the mice and halted progression of their disease by 95 percent.–“This opens brand new avenues to treat various autoimmune diseases of the gut, including inflammatory bowel disease and colon cancer, all which can be triggered by imbalanced inflammatory immune responses,” said Mansour Mohamadzadeh, associate professor of medicine at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and lead investigator of the study. He also is a member of the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University.–The study will be published Jan. 31 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.–While the origin of these bowel diseases is not known, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are two chronically relapsing diseases in which sufferers have an ongoing tissue inflammation that alters the functioning of the intestine. The diseases affect more than 1 million people in the United States and can cause weight loss, diarrhea, abdominal pain and cramping and gastrointestinal bleeding. Current drug treatment is not completely effective and patients can relapse, Mohamadzadeh said.–“Such gene targeting in a probiotic bacteria such as Lactobacillus acidophilus offers the possibility of a safe, drug-free treatment in the near future,” he said.–In the study, the modified Lactobacillus acidophilus entered the gut, which is akin to a battlefield of friendly fire with immune cells attacking the intestine. The Lactobacillus acidophilus acted as the gut’s peacekeeping force, calming the overstimulated immune cells. The probiotic restored intestinal peace by mobilizing messenger immune cells, called dendritic cells. The dendritic cells, in turn, enhanced the production of other functional immune cells, regulatory T-cells that rebalanced intestinal and systemic inflammation.–“They essentially calm everything down and restore it to normal,” Mohamadzadeh explained. The next step will be a clinical trial with the new form of Lactobacillus acidophilus. Mohamadzadeh and his colleagues at the Lurie Cancer Center are currently researching the effect of the new Lactobacillus acidophilus on colon cancer. Story Source-The above story is reprinted (with editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff) from materials provided by Northwestern University, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.
More Evidence Cancer Drug Avastin May Cause Harm
Increased risk of death seen in review of 16 trials
TUESDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) — A new review finds more evidence that the beleaguered cancer drug Avastin may harm patients.–An analysis of previously published studies found that the drug, when used in combination with chemotherapy or biological therapy, actually increased patient deaths from adverse events, compared with using chemotherapy or biologics alone. –This new information should change the way patients and practitioners think about the drug, said Dr. Shenhong Wu, senior author of the report, published Feb. 2 in the Journal of the American Medical Association. –“I believe the risk-benefit ratio has changed,” said Wu, assistant professor of medicine at Stony Brook University Medical Center in Stony Brook, N.Y. “Physicians need to think about this.”—Avastin (bevacizumab) was okayed in 2008 for use in conjunction with chemotherapy to treat breast cancer under the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s accelerated approval program. Approval was based on one clinical trial in patients with metastatic HER2-negative breast cancer that found a benefit in terms of cancer recurrence — but not overall survival — and was contingent on further data to confirm the results. –Three subsequent studies failed to find an overall survival benefit and, in fact, showed less impressive improvements in survival involving no progression of cancer. —After reviewing all four studies, the FDA in December recommended revoking approval of Avastin to fight breast cancer. The recommendation didn’t affect use of Avastin for advanced colon, lung, kidney and brain cancer. –Wu and his colleagues looked at 16 completed randomized controlled trials on Avastin involving more than 10,000 patients with different forms of cancer. —Some 2.5 percent of patients taking Genentech-made Avastin died compared with 1.7 percent of those taking chemotherapy alone, a 46 percent increased risk, the investigators found. –The rate was about the same across tumor types but not across different chemotherapy regimens. The risk was increased among those receiving chemotherapy containing taxanes or platinum agents but not other chemo compounds. –The most common causes of death were hemorrhage, followed by low white-blood-cell count and gastrointestinal perforations. –Dr. Roman Perez-Soler, chairman of oncology and chief of medical oncology at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City, a lung cancer expert, pointed out that lung cancer is one of the few malignancies in which Avastin has prolonged survival and thus might still have a place in this armamentarium. –But an accompanying journal editorial raises other considerations, including the cost ($50,000 a year for the drug alone, plus the cost of monitoring and chemo) and a cumbersome delivery method (frequent injections for years). —The author of that editorial acknowledged that Avastin works well in some patients, but said it’s impossible to predict in which patients and for how long benefits will last.
SOURCES: Shenhong Wu, M.D., Ph.D., assistant professor, medicine, Stony Brook University Medical Center, Stony Brook, N.Y.; Roman Perez-Soler, M.D., chairman, oncology, and chief, medical oncology, Montefiore Medical Center, New York City; Feb. 2, 2011, Journal of the American Medical Association
Probiotics protect against bacterial infection
6/20/2007- A newly characterised strain of probiotic bacteria may have potential to kill Listeria monocytogenes, an often-lethal pathogen in pregnant women, Irish researchers report.
The research, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, could see pregnant women and a number of other high-risk groups receiving the probiotic to protect them from potential infection.
Lead author Sinead Corr from University College Cork told NutraIngredients.com: “Our results clearly demonstrate the ability of certain probiotic bacteria to protect against potentially fatal illnesses. More specifically we have shown a role for bacteriocins in protecting against the potentially fatal foodborne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. “As probiotics mechanisms are specific, thorough understanding of their beneficial effects are required. Understanding these mechanisms will enable their use in prevention and treatment of specific illnesses. This study clearly demonstrates how probiotic bacteria may help to improve the health of consumers.” Probiotic products containing ‘friendly’ bacteria are now well accepted by consumers in many European countries, with putative benefits highlighted for gut and immune health. Some of the researchers in this new study previously reported that a mixture of five Lactobacillus probiotic strains may reduce food poisoning by salmonella. In that instance, the benefits for gut health were reported to be due to the probiotic bacteria adhering to the walls of the intestine, which inhibits the ability of the pathogenic Salmonella to stick and colonise the gut, thereby reducing the infection. The new study offers an alternative method of protection, with a specific strain of Lactobacillus salivarius named UCC118 capable of producing an antibiotic-like compound called a bacteriocin. When the researchers tested UCC118 in mice infected with two strains of food-borne Listeria monocytogenes, EGDe and LO28, they found that the mice were protected against infection. When the mice were given a mutant form of the probiotic that was unable to produce the Abp118 bacteriocin, no protection against infection was observed.
Also, “Lb. salivarius UCC118 did not offer any protection when mice were infected with a strain of L. monocytogenes expressing the cognate Abp118 immunity protein AbpIM, confirming that the antimicrobial effect is a result of direct antagonism between Lb. salivarius and the pathogen, mediated by the bacteriocin Abp118,” reported the researchers. “The results of the UCC work clearly demonstrate a role for bacteriocins in protecting the host against potentially lethal infections. The study is the first to clearly demonstrate a mechanism by which probiotic bacteria may act to help improve the health of consumers,” said a release from the university. Most foods containing probiotic bacteria are found in the refrigerated section of supermarkets as the bacteria is destroyed by heat and other processing conditions. This has given the dairy sector, already used to handling live bacteria for the manufacture of yoghurt, a major advantage in probiotic foods – probiotic drinking yoghurts are currently the fastest growing dairy product in Europe.
But increasing research has focused on expanding protecting probiotics during processing and expanding the food categories available to prebiotics. Such an avenue of research has led companies like Cell Biotech from Korea using a dual-coating to protect probiotics against oxygen, acid, moisture and high temperatures for use in emerging new product categories such as breakfast cereals and smoothies. Other approaches are also being explored, with scientists looking at improving probiotic viability by using whey protein gel particles, or prebiotic fibres.
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
May 1, 2007, Volume 104, Number 18, Pages 7617-7621
“Bacteriocin production as a mechanism for the antiinfective activity of Lactobacillus salivarius UCC118”
Authors: S.C. Corr, Y. Li, C.U. Riedel, P.W. O’Toole, C. Hill, and C.G.M. Gahan
Diabetic Recipe—what we give here are protocols and changes in diet and as well as a utilization of several things in particular—the things we give are
The Green drink of Dandelion Parsley and Watercress— ( Video on how to make — http://www.youtube.com/user/HerbsPlusBeadWorks?feature=mhum#p/u/63/GZws7VeUtds )drunk as much as you want ( initially for those who are loaded with sugar this drink will taste like sewer water ( as I have been told many a time) but by usually the third day everyone seems to either enjoy it or tolerate it better) this is due to the fact it is removing the excesses of sugar and toxic waste and renewing the body of nutrients and minerals and regenerates the liver and kidneys and indirectly the pancreas–The other thing we have everyone due is to use Bitter Melon or Karella or Nopal and Juniper Berry—Cinnamon Bark-Peppermint as a tea or as a capsule or as a food—the Bitter Melon and the Karella has a hormone in it that actually can regenerate the Pancreas—so Does the Nopal—the cinnamon –the juniper berry and peppermint have insulin regulating/or producing ( juniper berry) to assist the pancreas in working with a lot less stress—the enzymes are increased and we suggest Pancreatin enzymes or companies such as Megazyme or Infy Zyme due to there ability to break down foods and to reduce inflamed pancreas as well as assist in the regeneration—and as well we have seen in conjunction with this Alpha lipoic acid 200mg in combo with Acetyl carnitine 400mg bring sugar down below 5 ( measured in canada would be the equivalent to about 50 in the usa) the big thing is to lay off of BREADS and Carbs that are starched based and Foods that are high in the glycemic ranges like bananas –Grapes- Watermelon-Raisons—No Pork products either due to there sugars- NO SOY ( Kills Pancreas and Thyroid) and use MCT as a fat for quick and easy utilization of fat and energy with over taxing pancreas or liver–
[U1]this is not entirely true the standards that are set for food production and levels of contamination aare not according to the standards set–this to is a false sense of security–best to grow your own
[U2]This is not going to happen –with the EFSA in Europe and agenda 21 progressing and bills C-36 and bills 510 in the USA unless the efsa is totally undermined and broken this legislation will initiate this new way or profitting for those in the drug industry and the food cartels as well
[U3]This is not entirely true each member of the EU haa jurisdiction on there farms in Spain they grow GMO and push to market it in Europee so does Portugal –In france the can gorw it but the farmers have to pay for any cross contamination problems—germany does grow GMO as well and So does the UK –what is true is the labeling of GMO
Show of the Week February 7, 2011
Coffee Human and Plant Protecting Properties 1 & 2
HPV Vaccine Works for Boys- Study Shows First Clear Benefits[U1]
Recipe for Bioflavonoid Extract
1) Roasting Coffee Beans a Dark Brown Produces Valued Antioxidants, Scientists Find
Researchers have found that the prevailing antioxidants present in dark roasted coffee brew extracts result from the green beans being browned under high temperatures—ScienceDaily (Feb. 3, 2011) — Food scientists at the University of British Columbia have been able to pinpoint more of the complex chemistry behind coffee’s much touted antioxidant benefits, tracing valuable compounds to the roasting process.—Lead author Yazheng Liu and co-author Prof. David Kitts found that the prevailing antioxidants present in dark roasted coffee brew extracts result from the green beans being browned under high temperatures.—Their findings will appear in a forthcoming issue of Food Research International.–Liu and Kitts analyzed the complex mixture of chemical compounds produced during the bean’s browning process, called the “Maillard reaction.” The term refers to the work by French chemist Louis-Camille Maillard who in the 1900s looked at how heat affects the carbohydrates, sugars and proteins in food, such as when grilling steaks or toasting bread.—Antioxidants aid in removing free radicals, the end products of metabolism which have been linked to the aging process.—“Previous studies suggested that antioxidants in coffee could be traced to caffeine or the chlorogenic acid found in green coffee beans, but our results clearly show that the Maillard reaction is the main source of antioxidants,” says Liu, an MSc student in the Faculty of Land and Food Systems (LFS).
“We found, for example, that coffee beans lose 90 per cent of their chlorogenic acid during the roasting process,” says Kitts, LFS food science professor and director of the Food, Nutrition and Health program.
The UBC study sheds light on an area of research that has yielded largely inconsistent findings. While some scientists report increased antioxidant activity in coffee made from dark roasted beans, others found a decrease. Yet other theories insist that medium roast coffees yield the highest level of antioxidant activity.
Story Source-The above story is reprinted (with editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff) from materials provided by University of British Columbia.
2) Proteins in Unroasted Coffee Beans May Become Next-Generation Insecticides
ScienceDaily (Apr. 1, 2010) — Scientists in Brazil are reporting for the first time that coffee beans contain proteins that can kill insects and might be developed into new insecticides for protecting food crops against destructive pests.–Their study, which suggests a new use for one of the most important tropical crops in the world, appears in ACS’ Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, a bi-weekly publication.–Peas, beans and some other plant seeds contain proteins, called globulins, which ward off insects. Coffee beans contain large amounts of globulins, and Paulo Mazzafera and colleagues wondered whether those coffee proteins might also have an insecticidal effect. The high heat of roasting destroys globulins, so that they do not appear in brewed coffee.—Their tests against cowpea weevil larva, insects used as models for studying the insecticidal activity of proteins, showed that tiny amounts of the coffee proteins quickly killed up to half of the insects. In the future, scientists could insert genes for these insect-killing proteins into important food crops, such as grains, so that plants produce their own insecticides, the researchers suggest. The proteins appear harmless to people.
Story Source-The above story is reprinted (with editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff) from materials provided by American Chemical Society.—Journal Reference–Mirela Batista Coelho, Maria Li%u0301gia Rodrigues Macedo, Se%u0301rgio Marangoni, Desiree Soares da Silva, Igor Cesarino, Paulo Mazzafera. Purification of Legumin-Like Proteins from Coffea arabica and Coffea racemosa Seeds and Their Insecticidal Properties toward Cowpea Weevil (Callosobruchus maculatus) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2010; 58 (5): 3050 DOI: 10.1021/jf9037216
HPV Vaccine Works for Boys- Study Shows First Clear Benefits[U2]
ScienceDaily (Feb. 5, 2011) — The vaccine for human papillomavirus (HPV) can prevent 90 percent of genital warts in men when offered before exposure to the four HPV strains covered by the vaccine, according to a new multi-center study led by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and UCSF.–The four-year, international clinical trial, which also found a nearly 66 percent effectiveness in the general population of young men regardless of prior exposure to these strains, provides the first reported results of using the HPV vaccine as a prophylactic in men.—Initial data from this study informed the Food and Drug Administration’s decision to approve the vaccine for boys in 2009 to prevent warts, while results from a sub study led the FDA to expand approval late last year to prevent anal cancer. Findings can be found in the Feb. 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.–While the HPV vaccine was approved in 2006 for girls to prevent cervical cancer, the vaccine’s benefit for young men was not initially addressed. Yet infection and diseases caused by HPV are common in men, the researchers said, including genital warts, which are one of the leading sexually transmitted diseases (STD) for which treatment is sought nationwide. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that half of all sexually active Americans will get HPV at some point in their lives.—“This is an exciting development in the STD world,” said Joel Palefsky, MD, a UCSF professor of medicine who co-led the research along with epidemiologist Anna R. Giuliano, PhD, from the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, in Tampa, FL. “It shows that if we vaccinate males early enough, we should be able to prevent most cases of external genital warts in this population.”—While warts are often considered an annoyance, rather than a life-threatening disease such as cervical cancer, Palefsky noted that warts are a common problem in young people and are often associated with depression, social stigma and loss of self-esteem. Complications of wart treatments are also quite common, he said. The double-blind study included 4,065 healthy men aged 16-26 years, spanning 71 sites in 18 countries. Of those patients, 85 percent reported having exclusively female sexual partners, with the remainder self-identified as having sex with men.–The men were tested at the onset of the trial for previous exposure to each strain and were randomly selected to receive either a placebo or a vaccine that targeted HPV strains 6, 11, 16 and 18. Men with a history of anal or genital warts or lesions were excluded. Participants then received six follow-up examinations over the following three years to assess the vaccine’s effectiveness. In addition to preventing warts, the vaccine also effectively prevented HPV-persistent infection in 86 percent of the participants without previous exposure.”This is the first study to show that this vaccine works in boys,” Giuliano said. “As long as we have a poor record of vaccinations in girls, boys should also be vaccinated.”–Vaccinating boys also should help prevent HPV transmission to women, as well as transmission from men to men, she said, and help reduce the incidence of the virus throughout the general population. This could be particularly significant, Palefsky added, since only 30 to 40 percent of teenage girls in the U.S. have received even one of the three recommended doses of the vaccine.–The authors noted that while they find it likely that the prevention of HPV infection and disease in men will have additional benefits, such as preventing anal, genital and throat cancers, these benefits need to be directly demonstrated through further clinical trials. The international trial included physicians and patients in four U.S. medical centers, as well as in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Germany, Mexico, Norway, Peru and Taiwan.The project was supported by grants from both public and private sources. The trial was designed by the sponsor, Merck & Co, Inc., in collaboration with external investigators and an external data and safety monitoring board.
Story Source-The above story is reprinted (with editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff) from materials provided by University of California – San Francisco. Journal Reference-Anna R. Giuliano, Joel M. Palefsky, Stephen Goldstone, Edson D. Moreira, Mary E. Penny, Carlos Aranda, Eftyhia Vardas, Harald Moi, Heiko Jessen, Richard Hillman, Yen-Hwa Chang, Daron Ferris, Danielle Rouleau, Janine Bryan, J. Brooke Marshall, Scott Vuocolo, Eliav Barr, David Radley, Richard M. Haupt, Dalya Guris. Efficacy of Quadrivalent HPV Vaccine against HPV Infection and Disease in Males. New England Journal of Medicine, 2011; 364 (5): 401 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa0909537
Recipe for Bioflavonoid Extract—Take a lemon ( Unsprayed –I get mine from az From friends who have lemon or grapefruit or orange trees) peel the skins off and the whites—Orrrrrr Juice the whole lemon and leave the grinded leftover—what you will do then is take the citrus and begin to add to 1 ½ cup of alcohol –and blend at high speed for 10 minutes—strain –add this fusion back in and add new material and re blend again just adding another 2 oz of alcohol and repeat this 2-3 times—when done you will have extracted the components out of the skins and whites which are the Bioflavonoids of the Citrus.
ØBioflavonoids—are antioxidants that can increase the strength and absorption of Vitamin C and the ascorbates from C and can prolong the activity of Vitamin C for a longer period of time–Most Bioflavonoids increase the strength and resiliency of Collagen.–Vitamins–Most Bioflavonoids protect and enhance the action of Vitamin C and increase the absorption and bioavailability of orally administered Vitamin C—medicinal properties, especially their putative role in prevention of cancers and cardiovascular diseases. For cancer Cancer–Physiological processing of unwanted flavonoid compounds induces so-called Phase II enzymes that also help to eliminate mutagens and carcinogens, and therefore may be of value in cancer preventionFlavonoids could also induce mechanisms that may kill cancer cells and inhibit tumor invasion. In preliminary studies, UCLA cancer researchers have proposed that study participants who ate foods containing certain flavonoids, such as catechins found in strawberries and green and black teas; kaempferol from brussel sprouts and apples; and quercetin from beans, onions and apples, may have reduced risk of obtaining lung cancer. — Citrus fruits are well known for providing ample amounts of vitamin C. But they also supply bioflavonoids, substances that are not required for life but that may improve health. The major bioflavonoids found in citrus fruits are diosmin, hesperidin, rutin, naringin, tangeretin, diosmetin, narirutin, neohesperidin, nobiletin, and quercetin.– Citrus bioflavonoids and related substances are widely used in Europe to treat diseases of the blood vessels and lymph system, including hemorrhoids, chronic venous insufficiency, leg ulcers, easy bruising, nosebleeds, and lymphedema following breast cancer surgery. These compounds are thought to work by strengthening the walls of blood vessels. Bioflavonoids are also often said to act as antioxidants; however, while they do have antioxidant activity in the test tube, growing evidence suggests that they do not act as antioxidants in people—–
A 2-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 120 individuals with recurrent hemorrhoid flare-ups found that treatment with combined diosmin and hesperidin significantly reduced the frequency and severity of hemorrhoid attacks.21 Another double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 100 individuals had positive results with the same bioflavonoids in relieving symptoms once a flare-up of hemorrhoid pain had begun. A 90-day, double-blind trial of 100 individuals with bleeding hemorrhoids also found significant benefits for both treatment of acute attacks and prevention of new ones. Finally, this bioflavonoid combination was found to compare favorably with surgical treatment of hemorrhoids. However, less impressive results were seen in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study in which all participants were given a fiber laxative with either combined diosmin and hesperidin or placebo.
Chronic Venous Insufficiency
A 2-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 200 people with relatively severe chronic venous insufficiency found that treatment with diosmin/hesperidin significantly improved symptoms as compared to placebo.
Another double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of diosmin/hesperidin enrolled 101 people with relatively mild chronic venous insufficiency. The results showed little difference between the two groups; the authors theorize that diosmin/hesperidin might be more effective in severe chronic venous insufficiency.
ØA 2-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial evaluated the effects of diosmin/hesperidin in 107 people with nonhealing leg ulcers (sores) caused by venous insufficiency or other conditions. The results indicated that treatment significantly improved the rate of healing.
Also, a 3-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 67 individuals evaluated buckwheat tea (a good source of rutin) for chronic venous insufficiency.27 The results showed less leg swelling in the treated group.
One study supposedly showed that the supplement oxyrutin is more effective than diosmin/hesperidin for chronic venous insufficiency, but the study was not effective due to procedure
Some people bruise particularly easily due to fragile capillaries. A 6-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 96 people with this condition found that combined diosmin and hesperidin decreased symptoms of capillary fragility, such as bruising and nosebleeds. –Two studies from the 1960s found benefits with a combination of vitamin C and citrus bioflavonoids for decreasing bruising in collegiate athletes.
Breast cancer surgery sometimes causes persistent swelling of the arm (lymphedema) caused by damage to lymph vessels. Citrus bioflavonoids as well as other natural supplements have shown promise for this condition. In a 3-month, double-blind study, 57 women with lymphedema received either placebo or combination therapy consisting of the modified citrus bioflavonoid trimethylhesperidin chalcone plus the bioflavonoid-rich herb butcher’s broom. The results indicated that use of the bioflavonoid combination resulted in significantly less swelling.
In a review of 12 studies involving over 5,000 cases, researchers found that people who consumed the highest amounts of flavonoids in their diets had a lower risk of lung cancer than those who consumed less. The significance of these results is weakened by the fact that none of the studies were controlled trials, and the most favorable among them did not account for the quantity of fruits, vegetables, or vitamins in the participants’ diets.
Some other Uses—
General Health Benefits of Bioflavonoids
As noted above, all flavonoids are potentially useful as antioxidants, antivirals, and anti-inflammatories. These properties provide you with the specific potential benefits of bioflavonoids such as:
• lower cholesterol level
• stronger blood vessels
• improved circulation
• relief from asthma
• relief from allergy symptoms
• protection against cancer
• protection against infections
• protection against cavities
• prevention of gum disease
• improved liver function
• improved brain function
• younger-looking skin
• relief from hemorrhoids
• treatment and prevention of menstrual disorders
• improved vision and prevention of eye diseases
• removal of heavy metals from your body
D-limonene is one of the most common terpenes in nature. It is found in
several citrus oils such as orange, lemon, mandarin, lime, and grapefruit.— Studies have shown that limonene have anti- cancer effects. Limonene increase the levels of liver enzymes involved in detoxifying carcinogens. The Glutathione S-transferase (GST) is a system which eliminates carcinogens. Limonene seems to promote the GST system in the liver and small bowel, thereby decreasing the damaging effects of carcinogens. Animal studies demonstrated that dietary limonene reduced mammary tumor growth—Limonene can dissolve Gallstones.
Immune System–Limonene can prevent some forms of Cancer
· Limonene helps to prevent Breast Cancer and also inhibits the progression of established Breast Cancer. research
· Modification of Limonene by hydroxylation at various positions increases its therapeutic efficiency against Breast Cancer by a factor of 5-10 (for example, the naturally occurring hydroxylated Limonene analogue, Perillyl Alcohol is 5-10 times more potent).
· Limonene retards the ability of carcinogens to initiate Colon Cancer.
· Limonene retards the ability of carcinogens to initiate Liver Cancer.
· Limonene helps to prevent Lung Cancer.
· Limonene prevents the development of Pancreatic Cancer and causes the regression of existing Pancreatic Cancer.
· Limonene helps to prevent Skin Cancer:
· Limonene helps to prevent Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
· The highest concentrations of Limonene are found in the spongy, white, inner parts of the Fruit of which it (Limonene) is a constituent.
Fruits: Cranberry Lemon Peel* Mandarin Orange Peel Grapefruit Peel
Herbs: Black Cumin (seeds) Buchu Calendula Catnip Coriander Cumin Hops Lavender Lemon Grass Peppermint Star Anise Angelica Horehound Noni
Seeds: Cardamom Seeds Celery Seeds Caraway Seeds Dill Seeds
Vegetables: Celery Fennel
Health Benefits of Nobiletin
Nobiletin seems to be a very noble phytochemical with many potential health benefits. The most studied properties of nobiletin are its anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities. Nobiletin also helps to lower cholesterol levels and some studies indicate that it may improve impaired memory loss and treat acne.
Numerous in-vivo and in-vitro studies have demonstrated the anti-inflammatory activity of nobiletin and its metabolites. Nobiletin acts directly as an antioxidant but also interferes with biological inflammatory processes. It inhibits the expression of genes involved in inflammation by blocking the binding of NF-kappaB with DNA. One study showed that nobiletin reduced airway inflammation of asthmatic rats. Treatment of skin cells with nobiletin also reduced inflammation caused by ultraviolet-B radiation.
The anti-cancer properties of nobiletin are supported by many scientific studies. Nobiletin act by its antiproliferation effect without being toxic to normal cells. Favourable results have been obtained on cancer cell lines of the liver, stomach, prostate and colon.
A study with cultured macrophages demonstrated the cholesterol lowering and atherosclerosis inhibiting properties of nobiletin. Nobiletin also inhibits the formation of macrophage foam cells, macrophages loaded wit lipids, which build up on artery walls.
One study on a mice model showed that nobiletin my help to improve memory loss. The brains of the mice were chirurgically altered to obtain models of Alzheimer disease. It is not known if nobiletin improves the condition of human Alzheimer patients.
We found one study showing that nobiletin inhibited sebum production on hamsters and inhibited the proliferation of sebocytes, the cells that form the sebaceous gland. This observation led the researchers to conclude that nobiletin could be used as a drug for acne treatment.
[U1]This is sooooooo Ridiculous—the idea that now they are going after the male population as a means to vaccinate or sterilize is more the term—the idea that having sex is going to cause genital warts must imply strongly that the people engaging are infected with some blood disorder to begin with and the inus is not on vaccination but rather healthy blood—the concepts here on ” giving a Shot or a Vaccine ” is ludicrious–the Medical Field as per usual wil be unable to figure this out and again it will be up to the engineers ( environmental) that will solve the STD issue since a bulk of these issues are a result of the industrial/Tech age Toxins which get into the blood stream and cause these anomalies—as well as poor hygienic practices
[U2]This is sooooooo Ridiculous—the idea that now they are going after the male population as a means to vaccinate or sterilize is more the term—the idea that having sex is going to cause genital warts must imply strongly that the people engaging are infected with some blood disorder to begin with and the inus is not on vaccination but rather healthy blood—the concepts here on ” giving a Shot or a Vaccine ” is ludicrious–the Medical Field as per usual wil be unable to figure this out and again it will be up to the engineers ( environmental) that will solve the STD issue since a bulk of these issues are a result of the industrial/Tech age Toxins which get into the blood stream and cause these anomalies—as well as poor hygienic practices
Show of the Week February 11, 2011
MR. GORSKY—Humour and why we need it
Recipe for Papaya Extract and Ferment
In case you didn’t already know this little tidbit of trivia,
it might make you chuckle when you read it.
ON JULY 20, 1969, AS COMMANDER OF THE APOLLO 11 LUNAR MODULE, NEIL ARMSTRONG—WAS THE FIRST PERSON TO SET FOOT ON THE MOON.—HIS FIRST WORDS AFTER STEPPING ON THE MOON, “THAT’S ONE SMALL STEP FOR MAN,-ONE GIANT LEAP FOR MANKIND,” WERE TELEVISED TO EARTH AND HEARD BY MILLIONS.*BUT JUST BEFORE HE RE-ENTERED THE LANDER, HE MADE THE ENIGMATIC REMARK “GOOD LUCK, MR.. GORSKY”.MANY PEOPLE AT NASA THOUGHT IT WAS A CASUAL REMARK CONCERNING SOME RIVAL SOVIET COSMONAUT. HOWEVER, UPON CHECKING, THERE WAS NO GORSKY IN EITHER THE RUSSIAN OR AMERICAN SPACE PROGRAMS. OVER THE YEARS MANY PEOPLE QUESTIONED ARMSTRONG AS TO WHAT THE ‘GOOD LUCK, MR. GORSKY’ STATEMENT MEANT, BUT ARMSTRONG ALWAYS JUST SMILED. ON JULY 5, 1995, IN TAMPA BAY, FLORIDA, WHILE ANSWERING QUESTIONS FOLLOWING A SPEECH, A REPORTER BROUGHT UP THE 26- YEAR-OLD QUESTION TO ARMSTRONG. THIS TIME HE FINALLY RESPONDED. MR. GORSKY HAD DIED, SO NEIL ARMSTRONG FELT HE COULD NOW ANSWER THE QUESTION. IN 1938, WHEN HE WAS A KID IN A SMALL MID-WESTERN TOWN, HE WAS PLAYING BASEBALL WITH A FRIEND IN THE BACKYARD. HIS FRIEND HIT THE BALL, WHICH LANDED IN HIS NEIGHBOR’S YARD BY THEIR BEDROOM WINDOW. HIS NEIGHBORS WERE MR. AND MRS. GORSKY. AS HE LEANED DOWN TO PICK UP THE BALL, YOUNG ARMSTRONG HEARD MRS. GORSKY SHOUTING AT MR. GORSKY. “SEX! YOU WANT SEX?! YOU’LL GET SEX WHEN THE KID NEXT DOOR WALKS ON THE MOON!”
Chemtrail Poisoning of America report 2010
Look at these pictures posted on Flicker of the skies over Las Vegas. There is a very quick sign up required to view, but well worth it. These are the once deep blue skies of Southern Nevada. Please take a look.
Vegas skies http://www.flickr.com/photos/crime_of_the_century/
These persistent contrails – as the officials like to call them, are filled with dangerous chemicals, heavy metals, polymer fibers, mycoplasmas and biotoxins, greatly effecting the health and quality of life of those who are breathing them; that is you and your family, your friends, your pets, even your plants.
IIThe politicians do nothing. The media remain silent. It is just unbelievable the inattention this is receiving. I
IIIIAccording to a television station which paid to have these chemicals tested, there are many, sometimes thousands times more – than the allowable amount of barium powders and aluminum oxides, plus ethylene dibromide, arsenic, iron, boron, manganese, magnesium, potassium, sodium, copper, zinc, nickel, thorium, zirconium, titanium, chromium, cadmium, strontium, polymers, mycoplasma and biotoxins in these chemical releases. Toxic levels! (a recent Arizona air sample analysis (all elements) showed 12,800,000 PPB for Aluminum.) Incredible. That’s 12 million parts per billion! 6,400 times the toxic limit!
Analysis report here: http://www.nogw.com/images/052008_chemtrail_lab_result_lg.jpg
and here: http://www.rense.com/general82/chemit.htm
In the latest Phoenix air-particulate analysis, aluminum particulates in the ambient air have tested at 19,500 times the toxic limit, iron at 28,333 times the toxic limit, barium at 1,050 times the toxic limit, and manganese at 4,870 times the toxic limit, among many other metals at toxic levels.
New 2009 analysis report here: http://d1027732.mydomainwebhost.com/charts/our%20charts/phx_particulates_2009.htm
There is recent evidence they are using the aerosol disbursement to introduce biological agents over population centers.
Chemtrials in the Sky and the New Microbes
Pseudomonas fluorescens, streptomyces, brucellosis and mycoplasma found in chemtrails–By WilliamThomas (scroll down to flu epidemics) http://www.consumerhealth.org/articles/display.cfm?ID=20000830164825
“During this time most of us have been ill with something that doesn’t quite act like the flu because it holds on for weeks and months at a time, seems to get better, and then returns. It is very hard to shake.”
Pneumonic plague following aerial spraying in the Ukraine
Scientific studies have shown that exposure to barium, a major chemical component in these aerosol releases, breaks down immune systems, producing a receptive environment for any lab-generated recombinant flu-virus which has “accidently” appeared in the population.
Whether intentional or not, the data shows chemtrails and vaccine adjuvants are weakening our immune systems, making us susceptible to illness. Illness delivered in prepared pandemics which keep creeping into the population with slight modifications, each demanding another tainted, untested vaccination: first as swine flu, then SARS, then bird flu, then a recombinant bird/swine/human flu. These vaccines are used as delivery mechanisms, tested on the public tainted with squalene, mercury, aluminum, polysorbate 80 and live viruses. Besides destroying immune systems, these additives often cause illness, paralysis, even death.
Big pharma and the CDC will demand each of you take these untested vaccines. They will work to make them mandatory and the collaborative news media will be echoing the mantra “get the shot, get the shot” – all the while having stripped hapless victims of this vaccine of any legal recourse against the pharmaceutical industry.
Papain is a protein-cleaving enzyme derived from papaya and certain other plants. Enzymes are complex molecules produced in living organisms to catalyze (speed up) chemical reactions within the cell. A number of digestive enzyme supplements are available. The simple ones are extracted from tropical fruits: bromelain from pineapple and papain from papayas. Papain has a mild, soothing effect on the stomach and aids in protein digestion. It is most often used as a meat tenderizer.
defibrinating wounds in hospitals
shrink proofing of wool
used in pet food to reduce viscosity and increase palatability
prevents cornea scar deformation
used in treatments of jellyfish and insect sings
used to treat edemas, inflammatory processes, and in the acceleration of wound healing
it is used as an ingredient in cleaning solutions for soft contact lenses
in low doses in can be used to as an indigestion medicine.
As we can see the uses for papain are diverse and thus it makes it an extremely valuable enzyme. Papain has been employed to treat ulcers, dissolve membranes in diphtheria, and reduce swelling, fever and adhesions after surgery. With considerable risk, it has been applied on meat impacted in the gullet. Chemopapain is sometimes injected in cases of slipped spinal discs or pinched nerves. Precautions should be taken because some individuals are allergic to papain in any form and even to meat tenderized with papain. In tropical folk medicine, the fresh latex is smeared on boils, warts and freckles and given as a vermifuge. In India, it is applied on the uterus as an irritant to cause abortion. The unripe fruit is sometimes hazardously ingested to achieve abortion. Seeds, too, may bring on abortion. They are often taken as an emmenagogue ( menustration) and given as a vermifuge( worm expeller). The root is ground to a paste with salt, diluted with water and given as an enema to induce abortion. A root decoction is claimed to expel roundworms. Roots are also used to make salt. Crushed leaves wrapped around tough meat will tenderize it overnight. The leaf also functions as a vermifuge ( worm expeller)and as a primitive soap substitute in laundering. Dried leaves have been smoked to relieve asthma or as a tobacco substitute. Packages of dried, pulverized leaves are sold by “health food” stores for making tea, despite the fact that the leaf decoction is administered as a purgative for horses in Ghana and in the Ivory Coast it is a treatment for genito-urinary ailments. The dried leaf infusion is taken for stomach troubles in Ghana and they say it is purgative and may cause abortion. bacteria. Strong doses are effective against gram-negative bacteria. The substance has protein-like properties. The fresh crushed seeds yield the aglycone of glucotropaeolin benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC) which is bacteriostatic, bactericidal and fungicidal. A single effective does is 4-5 g seeds (25-30 mg BITC). In a London hospital in 1977, a post-operative infection in a kidney-transplant patient was cured by strips of papaya which were laid on the wound and left for 48 hours, after all modern medications had failed. Plant extracts with a high content of proteolytic enzymes have been used for a long time in traditional medicine. Besides proteolytic enzymes from plants, ‘modern’ enzyme therapy additionally includes pancreatic enzymes. The therapeutic use of proteolytic enzymes is partly based on scientific studies and is partly empirical. The aim of the current review is to provide an overview of clinical trials of systemic enzyme therapy in oncology, and to discuss the evidence for their possible mechanisms of action. Clinical studies of the use of proteolytic enzymes in oncology have mostly been carried out on an enzyme preparation consisting of a combination of papain, trypsin and chymotrypsin. This review of these studies owed that enzyme therapy can reduce the adverse effects caused by radiotherapy and chemotherapy. There is also evidence that, in some types of tumours, survival may be prolonged. The beneficial effect of systemic enzyme therapy seems to be based on its anti-inflammatory potential. However, the precise mechanism of action of systemic enzyme therapy remains unsolved. The ratio of proteinases to antiproteinases, which is increasingly being used as a prognostic marker in oncology, appears to be influenced by the oral administration of proteolytic enzymes, probably via an induction of the synthesis of antiproteinases. Furthermore, there are numerous alterations of cytokine composition during therapy with orally administered enzymes, which might be an indication of the efficacy of enzyme therapy.
Frederick A. Senese. General Chemistry Online! Why is papain an effective meat tenderizer?
Edgar A. Chavez. PAPAIN-PAPAYA PEPTIDASE I. The Claremont Colleges Joint Science Program
Morton, J. 1987. Papaya. p. 336ï¿½346. In: Fruits of warm climates. Julia F. Morton, Miami, FL.
Leipner J, Saller R. Systemic enzyme therapy in oncology: effect and mode of action. Drugs 2000 Apr;59(4):769-80
Health Benefits of Papaya
Papayas is a pear shaped tropical fruit and than be as long as 7 to 20 inches. This fruit is available in the market throughout the year, but most abundant during the summer.
Nutritive values : Per 100 gm. Vitamin A : 1,750 I.U Vitamin C : 56 mg. Calcium : 20 mg. Phosphorus : 16 mg. Potassium : 470 mg. Carbohydrates : 10 gm Calories : 39 Also contains Vitamin E and K
Health Benefits of Papaya :Papaya contains the digestive enzyme papain that is why it is valuable for aiding digestion. The ripe fruit is easily digestible and prevents constipation. It is shown in a study that this fruit when taken alone for 3 days has a beneficial tonic effect in the stomach and intestines. Papaya juice helps in relieving infections of the colon and can help break down pus and mucus. May help prevent cancer in organs and glands with epithelial tissue (ripe papaya). Prevents nausea (includes morning sickness and motion sickness). Taken 230 cc. Of papaya juice or pineapple juice. Slices of green fruits rubbed over meat and boiled with tough meat, make the meat more tender. The seeds are antihelmintic, for expelling worms and they are given with honey. Chew and swallow two teaspoonful of seeds after each principal meal (three times a day).