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    Scientists urge unis to axe alternative medicine courses
    http://www.smh.com.au/national/tertiary-education/scientists-urge-unis-to-axe-alternative-medicine-courses-20120125-1qhtm.html#ixzz1kfhkv29t
    University reputations at stake … a new lobby group for doctors and scientists claims undeserved credibility is given to disciplines “better described as quackery”. [U1]MORE than 400 doctors, medical researchers and scientists have formed a powerful lobby group to pressure universities to close down alternative medicine degrees.–Almost one in three Australian universities now offer courses in some form of alternative therapy or complementary medicine, including traditional Chinese herbal medicine, chiropractics, homeopathy, naturopathy, reflexology and aromatherapy.–But the new group, Friends of Science in Medicine, [U2]wrote to vice-chancellors this week, warning that by giving “undeserved credibility to what in many cases would be better described as quackery” and by “failing to champion evidence-based science and medicine”[U3], the universities are trashing their reputation as bastions of scientific rigour.–The group, which names world-renowned biologist Sir Gustav Nossal and the creator of the cervical cancer vaccine Professor Ian Frazer among its members, is also campaigning for private health insurance providers to stop providing rebates for alternative medical treatments.[U4]—A co-founder of the group, Emeritus Professor John Dwyer, of the University of NSW, who is also a government adviser on consumer health fraud, said it was distressing that 19 universities were now offering “degrees in pseudo science”.[U5]—“It’s deplorable, but we didn’t realise how much concern there was out there for universities’ reputations until we tapped into it,” Professor Dwyer said. “We’re saying enough is enough. Taxpayers’ money should not be wasted on funding [these courses] … nor should government health insurance rebates be wasted on this nonsense.”–Professor Dwyer said it was particularly galling that such courses were growing in popularity while, at the same time, the federal government was looking at ways to get the Therapeutic Goods Administration to enforce tougher proof-of-efficacy criteria for complementary medicines, following the release of a highly critical review by the Australian National Audit Office last September.–Of particular concern to the group is the increase in chiropractic courses, following the recent announcement of a new chiropractic science degree by Central Queensland University. More than 30 scientists, doctors and community advocates wrote to the vice-chancellor and health science deans at the university voicing their concern, which laid the foundations for Friends of Science in Medicine. –The groundswell of protest from medical professionals comes after a decision in Britain that means from this year it will no longer be possible to receive a degree from a publicly-funded university in areas of alternative medicine, including homeopathy and naturopathy.–German and British medical insurance providers are also in the process of removing alternative therapies from the list of treatments they will cover.–[U6]Australia’s vice-chancellors will meet in March and Professor Dwyer said his group was aiming to get a commitment from them to endorse health courses only with evidence-based science.[U7]—The spokesman for Universities Australia said tertiary institutions were self-accrediting. “[They have] the autonomy … to ensure the quality and relevance of the courses they offer,” he said.–The Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency, a government body set up to regulate higher education, refused to comment.–Most health funds pay rebates for alternative therapies under top cover polices. Private Healthcare Australia did not return the Herald’s calls.–
    Read more: http://www.smh.com.au/national/tertiary-education/scientists-urge-unis-to-axe-alternative-medicine-courses-20120125-1qhtm.html#ixzz1kfi9muA0
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    Morgellons– Unexplained Skin Condition Is Non-Infectious, Not Linked to Environmental Cause
    ScienceDaily (Jan. 25, 2012) — The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has completed a comprehensive study of an unexplained skin condition commonly referred to as Morgellons and found no infectious agent and no evidence to suggest an environmental link.[U8]—The full results are reported in the Jan. 25 issue of the online journal PLoS ONE.—In this study, investigators took an in-depth look at a skin condition characterized by unexplained lesions that contain fibers, threads, or other foreign material, accompanied by sensations of crawling, biting, or stinging. The condition is not currently recognized as a distinct clinical disorder with established diagnostic criteria. However, increasing inquiries to the CDC in 2006-2009 regarding the condition prompted the study in Northern California, where many of the persons who reported these symptoms lived.—The researchers found and enrolled 109 persons with symptoms of this condition by searching through the electronic medical record database of a large HMO. They conducted extensive testing to rule out infectious causes, and found no indication that the condition was attributed an infection.[U9] The researchers also determined that the fibers associated with the lesions were apparently fragments of cloth or other debris.[U10] The investigators showed that the condition is uncommon, estimating that it results in fewer than four out of 100,000 people seeking medical attention. About half of the study participants had evidence of other medical, most commonly psychiatric, illnesses.–The CDC suggests that people suffering with symptoms similar to those reported in the study should see their health care provider for a complete physical to ensure proper diagnosis of all illnesses, including psychiatric, and follow the recommended treatments.—“We found no evidence that this condition is contagious, or that suggests the need for additional testing for an infectious disease[U11] as a potential cause,” says Dr. Mark Eberhard, Director of CDC’s Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria and a lead study investigator. “This alleviates concerns about the condition being contagious between family members and others.”—Journal Reference-Michele L. Pearson, Joseph V. Selby, Kenneth A. Katz, Virginia Cantrell, Christopher R. Braden, Monica E. Parise, Christopher D. Paddock, Michael R. Lewin-Smith, Victor F. Kalasinsky, Felicia C. Goldstein, Allen W. Hightower, Arthur Papier, Brian Lewis, Sarita Motipara, Mark L. Eberhard. Clinical, Epidemiologic, Histopathologic and Molecular Features of an Unexplained Dermopathy. PLoS ONE, 2012; 7 (1): e29908 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029908
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    Protect public access to research in the U.S.
     
    Protect public access to research in the U.S There’s a bill before Congress called the Research Works Act that if passed could reverse the popular and successful NIH open access policy and block similar developments at other federal agencies. In a recent New York Times Opinion Piece, PLoS co-founder Mike Eisen argued that rather than “rolling back public access, Congress should move to enshrine a simple principle in United States law: if taxpayers paid for it, they own it”. We urge you to contact your representative and let them know that you oppose this retrograde step – simple guidelines (template letters, contact information) are available from the Alliance for Taxpayer Access.
    http://www.plos.org/protect-public-access-to-research-in-the-u-s/
    Public Access Being Denied To CAM and Alternative Health
    [1]Congress wants to limit your access to research—even though your tax dollars paid for it. If this bill passes, you’ll learn only what mainstream medicine wishes you to know. Action Alert! [2]–In 2008, the National Institutes of Health required that all federally funded research publications be made openly available. PubMedCentral [3] (PMC) is a free full-text archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature at the National Institutes of Health’s National Library of Medicine.—The publishers of the journals weren’t so happy with this new arrangement—they were afraid no one would pay for their publications if the research results were immediately accessible. So the government agreed to give them a full year of journal sales before their research papers had to be posted on PMC, which lets them keep their subscriber base. Journal subscriptions to educational and medical institutions are expensive—and they’re big business.—But even this generous arrangement isn’t good enough for the Association of American Publishers (AAP). The trade group liked the old rules, where they could sell the tax-funded research back to the taxpayers. So the AAP got two members of Congress, Rep. Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) and Rep. Darrell Issa (R-CA), to introduce HR 3699 [4], the Research Works Act, just before the end of 2011.—This bill would prevent the NIH or any other agency from causing or even allowing private-sector research work to be disseminated online without prior consent of both the publisher and the study authors—even if the funding came from our tax dollars.–The AAP weren’t the only publishers involved. Elsevier—the Reed Elsevier Publishing Group, a multinational company that publishes around 2,000 journals and close to 20,000 books and major reference works—happens to be in Rep. Carolyn Maloney’s district, and Elsevier employees made campaign contributions to both Issa and Maloney [5]. (Apparently, it only takes $10,500 to buy two members of Congress.)–Said contributors all work for Tom Reller, vice president for global corporate relations at Elsevier. Interestingly, an email about the bill from Rep. Maloney to one of her critics contained language that was nearly identical [6] to language used by Reller when he was defending the same bill! Are members of Congress employing lobbyists as ghostwriters now?—This is about access to peer-reviewed scientific information—research that we pay for with our tax money. If this bill passes, Americans who want to read the results of federally funded research will have to buy access to each journal article individually—at a cost of $15 or $30 apiece. In other words, as the New York Times recently noted [7], taxpayers who already paid for the research would have to pay again to read the results.—Access to peer-reviewed scientific research is essential if you are to make informed choices regarding your family’s health—especially if you choose complementary and alternative medicine. Good research will let us choose wisely when it comes to questions of treatment modalities, vaccines, diet, nutrition, and medicine. Right now, supplement companies aren’t even allowed to tell you about the science behind their products [8], so we must get the scientific information directly from the source.–But that’s just the problem: consumers, integrative doctors, and small businesses might not have the funds to access all these scientific journals—which means your access to the science behind natural products will be limited to what mainstream medicine may wish you to know.—PMC compiles entire studies and has 2.3 million articles going back to 1965. It allows patients, physicians, students, teachers, and advocacy organization like ANH-USA to read about and cite the discoveries that our tax dollars paid for—to keep you informed in these pages, we may review as many as a hundred studies every year. If we needed to pay a publishing company every time we viewed a study which taxpayers have already paid for, we’d be giving thousands of dollars to a publishing company every year instead of protecting your access to natural health.
    So what can you do? Two things will make a huge difference!
    First, help us gain co-sponsors for the Free Speech about Science Act (FSAS) [9]. This landmark legislation enables the natural health products community to share peer-reviewed scientific findings about natural health products with the public. The problem, of course, is that if it becomes more difficult for supplement companies and consumers to access the scientific studies themselves, the entire point of FSAS is effectively undermined.
    The second step is to ask Congress to defeat this new Research Works Act. Please send your message today and explain why limiting access to the results of important studies—which your tax dollars have already paid for—is such a terrible idea. Take action immediately! [
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    Man Eats Food Only Advertised on TV, Becomes Hormonal
    Written by Colleen Vanderlinden
    Sit through any prime-time television show, televised sporting event, or even cartoon and you’re sure to see plenty of commercials for food. And you’ve undoubtedly noticed that this food runs the gamut from fast food pizza and burgers, to snack foods, to sugary breakfast fare. They are really “edible food-like substances,” as Michael Pollan would say.—What would a month of living solely on these TV commercial foods look like? And how would you feel at the end of it?—Tom Lamont, a writer for The Observer, decided to give it a try. For one month, he could only purchase and eat those foods he’d seen advertised on television. As we all well know, this means processed, sugary, salty, fatty food. They don’t advertise Brussels sprouts on television. No bulk whole grains. No pastured meat. Only those products that have a large advertising budget behind them.—Here are a few quotes from Lamont’s article, in which he details the experiment:—The pizza was a tactical move. Some 60 hours in I’d noted first signs of slowing down mentally – afternoons harder to work through, getting out of bed more of an undertaking. I’d decided the greasy stuff-in-a-bun was to blame, and that pizzas would be better. After all, weren’t those pureed tomatoes atop each slice? Real mushrooms and greens?—Upon which, he learns that pizza was possibly the worst choice he could have made.–By the time I got to Octomom I was starting to wonder what Aptamil “follow-on milk” might taste like.—At the end of a particularly bleak day my girlfriend saw fit to stage an intervention, ambushing me with a rule-breaking plate of salmon and beans for dinner. Was I imagining it, in the aftermath of the meal, when I immediately started to feel better? “No, no,” Briffa assured me, “these things can be incredibly immediate. It’s a bit like stopping smacking yourself in the face with a polo mallet. Immediately there’s relief.”—Basically, by the time the month was up, Lamont felt like a sluggish, cranky mess. Surprisingly, he didn’t gain any weight, but that could be at least partially because he got so tired of processed foods that he just didn’t eat as much after a while.–This is why those of us who are trying to eat better are often advised to shop the “perimeter” of the grocery store. The dairy, produce, meat, and bulk grain bins are often in the outer aisles. The inner aisles, and those attention-grabbing end caps, are the domain of processed food.–Moral of the story: shop the perimeter, grow a garden, and if something is advertised on TV, it’s probably not all that good for you!—Read more: http://www.care2.com/causes/man-eats-food-only-advertised-on-tv-becomes-hormonal.html#ixzz1kcyExqYc
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    Canada a World Leader in Genetically Modified Animal Biotechnology
    The development of the “Enviropig” pig and the “Aqua advantage” salmon gives Canada the dubious distinction of being a world leader in the creation of genetically modified animals for human consumption.
    The “Enviropig” has been cleared by Environment Canada and is currently waiting approval from Health Canada for human consumption. The University of Guelph, creator of the “Enviropig” released this information. Canadian government departments are not required to release information regarding approval applications, and don’t. To date, we don’t know if the approval of the “Aqua Advantage” for human consumption in Canada has been made or not. That has prompted Fin Donnelly, NDP critic of fisheries and oceans to table a motion in March of this year that the government make approval applications for the human consumption of genetically modified salmon and other aquatic life be transparent, and that the GM salmon specifically not be approved until studies are completed on the effects to human health, ecosystems, habitats and marine species.—The “Enviropig” was developed at the University of Guelph, which holds patents on the technology in the United States and Canada. Ontario Pork has the exclusive license to distribute the pig to swine breeders and producers worldwide. The Ontario and Canadian governments supported the research through research agreements and grants.–The “Enviropig” is a Yorkshire pig that has been genetically engineered with an E-coli bacteria phytase gene[U12] and a mouse promoter gene sequence. This change allows the pig to digest more phosphorus, with the result that there can be up to 70% reduction in phosphorus in the pig feces. Phosphorus in the feces is an environmental concern for factory farms because their runoff ends up in the water systems and promotes algae growth. This reduces oxygen in the water, and can kill a lot of the marine life. The algae can poison the water, and kill animals that drink from it. There are other cost effective ways to reduce phosphorus content in pig feces. These include adding a phytase supplement, [U13]and changing the feed composition. As well as waiting for human consumption approval in Canada, applications have been made to the FDA in the United States, and for licensing agreements in China.—AquaBounty is a company based in Massachusetts with its research facility in Prince Edward Island. The technology for the “Aqua Advantage” genetically modified Atlantic salmon was developed by the Memorial University of Newfoundland. This salmon contains a Chinook salmon growth hormone driven by the ocean pout antifreeze promoter. This alteration creates fish that are fully grown for market in 18 months instead of three years. The plan is for the eggs to be shipped from PEI to Panama to be grown, and then shipped to the States to be eaten. The fish are supposed to be completely infertile, and never escape. However, if some happened to be fertile, and happened to escape, it is thought that by escaping in Panama the fish would not survive, or be able to migrate to other salmon populations and contaminate them. The FDA has held hearings as to whether these fish are safe for human consumption, and the decision is pending. The FDA is also to produce an environmental impact study. There are two bills in Congress on this issue. One calls for the ban of GM salmon. The other requires the fish to be labelled transgenic in the event that the FDA approves them.—-The effect on human health from eating genetically modified animals isn’t known. Some scientists think they may affect the immune system and cause more allergies. The GM salmon has the added concern of possible effects on ecosystems where they are grown, and on wild salmon populations if they escape. Experiments have shown that genetically modified males are more successful mating, but produce fewer offspring. This is called the Trojan Gene Effect, and could lead to the extinction of the wild populations.—Although there is a debate as to whether GM animals are safe to eat or not, there should be no question that Canadians are entitled to know when applications are made for the human consumption of these animals, and the results of these applications. In the event they are approved, the food products should be labelled as transgenic, so people are aware of what they are eating.More info can be found at the Canadian Biotechnology Action network, Council of Canadians, and the Coastal Alliance for Aquaculture Reform websites.
     
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    [U1]It is beginning Again this time it is starting in Australia and now it will be heading throughout the Commonwealth—Canada-New Zealand-USA-UK—And any other territory of the Queen—seems to me the Global undermining is beginning and Supplements and Herbs have always been undr the attack of opportunist who want to control what is growing in the planet this is why Monsanto started to patent seeds so they can eventually patent all plant life—Not sure how much longer the Human Race will tolerate the Undermining of Life
    [U2]Friends OF Science and MEDICINE!! Wow can you actually believe they call this a Science—Medicine equates to disarming the Human Being—so I guess this is a dark science which this FDA/CODEX/AGENDA 21 Group is using Australia to Undermine
    [U3]Be prepared they are now going to limit access online to the studies and eventually will see them all but disappear—and this is the preliminary effect to take away the teaching –there are some many scientific Sites everywhere that to say there is no science based information on it ais at best wishful thinking
    [U4]Now why would they beso concerened about rebate moneys??? Do you think the money then would go into the pocket of the campaigners?
    [U5]Is this not interesting a Professor in a University—I wonder if this fellow is a Jesuit—or an agent of alien influence—I can see it now indigenious cultures being exterminated for this Earthy Knowledge
    [U6]You think maybe there is a Global Agenda to Debilitate people further
    [U7]Evidence Based—him Google Scholar—Quertle.Pub Med NIH—wonder if these are Evidenced Based!?
    [U8]Interesting—how can you not see and environmental connection—chemtrails-GMO= Outgrowth of a deadly pathogen inflicting the Globe
    [U9]Well what do you know So far they have it right —it is contributed to chemtails and GMO’s—so the infection would not be by the normal means
    [U10]From Clothes???other DEBRIS!!”” Read Between the lines here –they are telling you it is a fibred material they are not saying where it is really coming from
    [U11]In other words you are not going to be treated–
    [U12]A Fecal Gene ( S$%^)
    [U13]Phytase removes minerals from the body
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    Show of the Week February 6 2012
    Floater Solution
    Grape Seed Extract Kills Head and Neck Cancer Cells, Leaves Healthy Cells Unharmed
    Grape-Seed Extract Kills Laboratory Leukemia Cells, Proving Value Of Natural Compounds
     
    Grape Extracts May Be Effective Against Harmful Gut Bacteria
     
    How to Make Grapeseed Extract
     
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    Floater Solution
    Take 8 oz of water add 1 tsp of sea salt and add 1 tsp of Colloidal silver –preferably around 70ppm + ( I am using about 120-130 ppm) add to the water—and salt—shake well and make sure it is all dissolved—pour into a container that you can place eye into or a shot glass and allow the eye to be washed with this—open and close eyes and roll the eyes left to right and right to left—
    This will sting the eyes somewhat-but nothing dramatic—and you may see the floaters pop out of the eyes—
    The salt allows the eyes to clean and clear out what is in the cells and the silver allows the eyes to be free of the pathogens that may attack and increase a bio film in the eyes
     
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    Grape Seed Extract Kills Head and Neck Cancer Cells, Leaves Healthy Cells Unharmed
    ScienceDaily (Jan. 27, 2012) — Nearly 12,000 people will die of head and neck cancer in the United States this year and worldwide cases will exceed half a million.–A study published this week in the journal Carcinogenesis shows that in both cell lines and mouse models, grape seed extract (GSE) kills head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cells, while leaving healthy cells unharmed.–“It’s a rather dramatic effect,” says Rajesh Agarwal, PhD, investigator at the University of Colorado Cancer Center and professor at the Skaggs School of Pharmaceutical Sciences.–It depends in large part, says Agarwal, on a healthy cell’s ability to wait out damage.–“Cancer cells are fast-growing cells,” Agarwal says. “Not only that, but they are necessarily fast growing. When conditions exist in which they can’t grow, they die.”–Grape seed extract creates these conditions that are unfavorable to growth. Specifically, the paper shows that grape seed extract both damages cancer cells’ DNA (via increased reactive oxygen species) and stops the pathways that allow repair (as seen by decreased levels of the DNA repair molecules Brca1 and Rad51 and DNA repair foci).–“Yet we saw absolutely no toxicity to the mice, themselves,” Agarwal says.–Again, the grape seed extract killed the cancer cells but not the healthy cells.–“I think the whole point is that cancer cells have a lot of defective pathways and they are very vulnerable if you target those pathways. The same is not true of healthy cells,” Agarwal says.–The Agarwal Lab hopes to move in the direction of clinical trials of grape seed extract, potentially as an addition to second-line therapies that target head and neck squamous cell carcinoma that has failed a first treatment. –This work was supported by the R01 grants AT003623 from the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine and CA91883 from the National Cancer Institute, NIH.–Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of Colorado Denver. –Note: Materials may be edited for content and length. For further information, please contact the source cited above.—Journal Reference–S. Shrotriya, G. Deep, M. Gu, M. Kaur, A. K. Jain, S. Inturi, R. Agarwal, C. Agarwal. Generation of reactive oxygen species by grape seed extract causes irreparable DNA damage leading to G2/M arrest and apoptosis selectively in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cells. Carcinogenesis, 2012; DOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgs019
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    Grape-Seed Extract Kills Laboratory Leukemia Cells, Proving Value Of Natural Compounds
     
    ScienceDaily (Dec. 31, 2008) — An extract from grape seeds forces laboratory leukemia cells to commit cell suicide, according to researchers from the University of Kentucky. They found that within 24 hours, 76 percent of leukemia cells had died after being exposed to the extract.-The investigators, who report their findings in the January 1, 2009, issue of Clinical Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, also teased apart the cell signaling pathway associated with use of grape seed extract that led to cell death, or apoptosis. They found that the extract activates JNK, a protein that regulates the apoptotic pathway. While grape seed extract has shown activity in a number of laboratory cancer cell lines, including skin, breast, colon, lung, stomach and prostate cancers, no one had tested the extract in hematological cancers nor had the precise mechanism for activity been revealed.–“These results could have implications for the incorporation of agents such as grape seed extract into prevention or treatment of hematological malignancies and possibly other cancers,” said the study’s lead author, Xianglin Shi, Ph.D., professor in the Graduate Center for Toxicology at the University of Kentucky.–“What everyone seeks is an agent that has an effect on cancer cells but leaves normal cells alone, and this shows that grape seed extract fits into this category,” he said.–Shi adds, however, that the research is not far enough along to suggest that people should eat grapes, grape seeds, or grape skin in excess to stave off cancer ( Look At Foot Note the only thing to really consume is the seed ). [U1]”This is very promising research, but it is too early to say this is chemo-protective.”—Hematological cancers – leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma –Given that epidemiological evidence shows that eating vegetables and fruits helps prevent cancer development, Shi and his colleagues have been studying chemicals known as proanthocyanidins in fruits that contribute to this effect. Shi has found that apple peel extract contains these flavonoids, ( which you may want to consume if you know the tree is free and clear of unwanted chemicals) which have antioxidant activity, and which cause apoptosis in several cancer cell lines but not in normal cells. Based on those studies, and findings from other researchers that grape seed extract reduces breast tumors in rats and skin tumors in mice, they looked at the effect of the compound in leukemia cells.–Using a commercially available grape seed extract, Shi exposed leukemia cells to the extract in different doses and found the marked effect in causing apoptosis in these cells at one of the higher doses.—They also discovered that the extract does not affect normal cells, although they don’t know why.—The researchers then used pharmacologic and genetic approaches to determine how the extract induced apoptosis. They found that the extract strongly activated the JNK pathway, which then led to up-regulation of Cip/p21, which controls the cell cycle.–They checked this finding by using an agent that inhibited JNK, and found that the extract was ineffective. Using a genetic approach – silencing the JNK gene – also disarmed grape seed extract’s lethal attack in leukemia cells.–“This is a natural compound that appears to have relatively important properties,” Shi said.–Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by American Association for Cancer Research.
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    Grape Extracts May Be Effective Against Harmful Gut Bacteria
    ScienceDaily (Mar. 4, 2009) — In a new study researchers from Clemson University found various grape extracts and their compounds to be effective at inhibiting Helicobacter pylori, one of the leading causes of gastritis in humans. –H. pylori is the bacterial agent most commonly associated with peptic ulcers, gastritis, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, and gastric cancer. Antibiotic therapy has proven effective at providing initial relief, however resistance can develop over time and relapse can occur. Previous studies have examined other natural plant extracts with anti-H. pylori activity such as garlic, broccoli, cranberries and green tea, however, grapes have yet to be evaluated despite being well known for their high levels of antioxidants and polyphenols.–The antibacterial effects of extracts from red, white, black and muscadine grapes as well as the pure compounds resveratrol, ellagic acid, and myricetin were tested for anti-H. pylori activity using agar dilution, laser scanning microscopy and cell proliferation. Following 24 hour treatment, results showed that muscadine grape skin extract had the highest anti-H. pylori effect, followed by muscadine grape synergy and seed extract. Additionally, two of the three compounds, resveratrol and ellagic acid, also inhibited H. pylori.–“In this study, grape extracts and their compounds were effective at inhibiting H. pylori in vitro, with highest efficacy by muscadine grape skin extract,” say the researchers.—Story Source-The above story is reprinted from materials provided by American Society for Microbiology. -Journal Reference-Brown et al. Antibacterial Effects of Grape Extracts on Helicobacter pylori. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2008; 75 (3): 848 DOI: 10.1128/AEM.01595-08
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    How to Make Grapeseed Extract
    A hundred years ago, seeds were pressed in a manual wedge press to extract the precious oil from grape seeds. Today, pharmaceutical-grade extracts often are made by combining high heat and solvents to the method. Small wineries and and other companies apply steam distillation or cold pressing to extract oils from grape seeds before grinding. The process is organic and requires minimal heat and no chemicals. You also can make organic grape seed extract for your personal use. You can benefit from the grape seed oil by-product if you have a lot of grapes or a small vineyard, a cold press and a grinder.
    Difficulty:
    Moderate
    Instructions
    Things You’ll Need
    Grape seeds
    Cold press machine
    Oil bottles
    Grinder
    Empty gel capsules
    Supplement bottles
    1.
    Remove the seeds and skin of the grapes while making your grape juice or other grape product. If you are doing this by hand, use a strainer.
    2 Wash the filtered grape extracts thoroughly.
    3 Set aside the extracted grape seeds and skin to dry for approximately 24 hours. During this time you can cook the seeds at a very low temperature, if desired. Cold pressing is an extraction process using minimal heat to extract oil out of seeds, so it is not an essential step to heat seeds, but it was a method used to extract more oil out of grape seeds when folks manually cold pressed at home. Heating the seeds slowly will also quicken the drying process.
    4 Remove the excess oil and juices from the grape seeds and skin by adding the grape extracts to your cold press. Press the extracts until the oil shows a visible separation from the solids. Set aside, and in time the oil will separate from the extracts even further.
    5 Skim the remaining oil from the solids.
    6 Save the pressed oil and preserve it in bottles for both therapeutic and culinary uses.
    7 Separate the grape seeds from the remaining skin solids.
    8 Dry the separated extracts to make them ready for grinding.
    9 Start grinding. Grind both the dried seeds and skins separately in a grinding appliance. Grind extracts until they form a fine powder. Combine the powdered seed extract with the powdered skin extract unless you prefer separate supplements of both seed and skin extract.
    10 Fill individual empty gelatin capsules with your powdered mixture. Large-size capsules in size 00 are a good size to start with.
    11 Preserve the capsules in a bottle and store in a cool location out of direct sunlight. Store powder in airtight bottles if you do not have gel caps.
    Tips & Warnings
    If you do not have access to plenty of grapes but wish to make your own organic extract, consider purchasing bulk grape seeds from wholesale suppliers. The dried grape seeds will be ready for cold pressing and grinding.
    Although the skins of fruits, vegetables and berries are valued for their nutrient dense concentration, it is not essential to use grape skins when making grape seed extract.
    Gelatin capsules are easy to use, come in varying sizes and can be found at many online health stores at affordable prices.
    Gelatin capsule ingredients consist of beef gelatin, glycerite and water. Suppliers often sell vegetable gel caps as well. Make sure you know which type you are buying if you are vegetarian.
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    [U1]Only if you grow your own grapeseed and do not spray—this is one of those re hashed articles and when you read this kind of stuff this implies there researcher does not know enough to understand the nature of GMO or Sprays that don’t wash off and can actually activate by the sugar one consumes from these skins
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    Show of the Week February 10 2012
     
    Politics, Corporate Profits, Power & People – Health Canada & other FDA Abuses
    Urban farming gets a boost
    Tax ‘toxic’ sugar, doctors urge–Age restriction for sugary drinks proposed
     
    Poles protest ACTA online and on the streets
     
    Borax- Near Miracle Medicine Unknown
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    Politics, Corporate Profits, Power & People – Health Canada & other FDA Abuses
    When an insider breaks ranks with pharmaceutical orthodoxy, it is time to take notice. A concerned talks about what goes on behind the scenes, but the article that follows might be well worth readers’ consideration before standing in line for their next prescription refill. – Andrew W. Saul, OMNS Editor—I’m a registered pharmacist. I am having a difficult time with my job. I sell people drugs that are supposed to correct their various health complaints. Some medicines work like they’re supposed to, but many don’t. Some categories of drugs work better than others. My concern is that the outcomes of treatment I observe are so unpredictable that I would often call the entire treatment a failure in too many situations.
    How It Started
    In 1993, I graduated with a BS in Pharmaceutical Sciences from University of New Mexico. I became pharmacy manager for a small independent neighborhood drug store. Starting in the year 2000, nutrition became an integral part of our business. The anecdotal feedback from the customers who started vitamin regimens was phenomenal. That same year, my PharmD clinical rotations began with my propensity for nutritional alternatives firmly in place in my mind. On the second day of my adult medicine rotation, my preceptor at a nearby hospital informed me that he had every intention of beating this vitamin stuff out of me. I informed him that probably wouldn’t happen. Three weeks later I was terminated from my rotations. The preceptor told my supervisor at UNM that there were acute intellectual differences that couldn’t be accommodated in their program. What had I done? I was pressuring my preceptor to read an article written by an MD at a hospital in Washington state that showed if a person comes into the emergency room with a yet to be diagnosed problem and is given a 3,000-4,000 mg bolus of vitamin C, that person’s chance of dying over the next ten days in ICU dropped by 57%! [1]—One would think that someone who is an active part of the emergency room staff might find that an interesting statistic. His solution to my attempting to force him to read that article was having me removed from the program.
    Pecking Order–The traditional role of the pharmacist in mainstream medicine is subordinate to the doctor. The doctor is responsible for most of the information that is received from and given to the patient. The pharmacist’s responsibility is to reinforce the doctor’s directions. The doctor and the pharmacist both want to have a positive treatment outcome, but there is a legally defined ‘standard of care’ looking over their shoulder.—The training that I received to become a PharmD motivated me to become more interested in these treatment outcomes. After refilling a patient’s prescriptions a few times, it becomes obvious that the expected positive outcomes often simply don’t happen. It’s easy to take the low road and blame it on “poor compliance by the patient.” I’m sure this can explain some treatment failure outcomes, but not all. Many (indeed most) drugs such as blood pressure regulators can require several adjustments of dose alternative medicines before a positive outcome is obtained. or combination with
    Wrong Drug; Wrong Disease—One drug misadventure is turning drugs that were originally designed for a rare (0.3% of the population) condition called Zollinger-Ellison syndrome into big pharma’s treatment for occasional indigestion. These drugs are called proton-pump inhibitors (PPI). [2] After prolonged exposure to PPIs, the body’s true issues of achlorhydria start to surface. [3]–These drugs are likely to cause magnesium deficiency, among other problems. Even the FDA thinks their long-term use is unwise. [4]—The original instructions for these drugs were for a maximum use of six weeks . . . until somebody in marketing figured out people could be on the drugs for years. Drug usage gets even more complicated when you understand excessive use of antibiotics could be the cause of the initial indigestion complaints. What you get from inserting proton pump inhibitors into this situation is a gastrointestinal nightmare. A better course of medicine in this type of case might well be a bottle of probiotic supplements (or yogurt) and a few quarts of aloe-vera juice.—Many doctors are recognizing there are problems with overusing PPI’s, but many still don’t get it. An example of this is my school in NM had a lot of students going onto a nearby-impoverished area for rotations. They have blue laws in this area with no alcohol sales on Sunday. The students saw the pattern of the patients going into the clinics on Monday after abusing solvents, even gasoline vapors, and having the doctors put them on omeprazole (eg. Prilosec), long term, because their stomachs are upset. This is medicine in the real world.
    Reliability or Bias?—–Mainstream medicine and pharmacy instill into their practitioners from the beginning to be careful about where you get your information. Medical journals boast of their peer review process. When you discuss with other health professionals, invariably they will ask from which medical journal did you get your information. I actually took an elective course in pharmacy on how to evaluate a particular article for its truthfulness. The class was structured on a backbone of caution about making sure, as one read an article, that we understand that real truthfulness only comes from a few approved sources.–I was never comfortable with this concept. Once you realized that many of these “truthfulness bastions” actually have a hidden agenda, the whole premise of this course became suspect. One of my preceptors for my doctoral program insisted that I become familiar with a particular medical journal. If I did, she said, I would be on my way to understanding the “big picture.” When I expressed being a little skeptical of this journal, the teacher told me I could trust it as the journal was non-profit, and there were no editorial strings attached.
    Weirdly enough, what had started our exchange over credibility was a warm can of a diet soft drink on the teacher’s desk. She drank the stuff all day. I was kidding around with her, and asked her if she had seen some controversial articles about the dangers of consuming quantities of aspartame. She scoffed at my conspiracy-theory laden point of view and I thought the subject was closed. The beginning of the next day, the teacher gave me an assignment: to hustle over to the medical library and make sure I read a paper she assured me would set me straight about my aspartame suspicions, while simultaneously demonstrating the value of getting my information from a nonprofit medical journal. It turned out that the article she wanted me to read, in the “nonprofit medical journal,” was funded in its entirety by the Drug Manufacturers Association.
    Flashy Pharma Ads–As I read the literature, I discovered that there is very decided barrier between two blocks of information: substances that can be patented vs. those substances that can’t be. The can-be-patented group gets a professional discussion in eye-pleasing, four-color-print, art-like magazines. This attention to aesthetics tricks some people into interpreting, from the flashy presentation method, that the information is intrinsically truthful.[U1]—The world’s drug manufacturers do an incredibly good job using all kinds of media penetration to get the word out about their products. The drug industry’s audience used to be confined to readers of medical journals and trade publications. Then, in 1997, direct-to-consumer marketing was made legal. [5]—Personally, I don’t think this kind of presentation should be allowed. I have doctor friends that say they frequently have patients that self-diagnose from TV commercials and demand the doctor write them a prescription for the advertised product. The patients then threaten the doctor, if s/he refuses their request, that they will change doctors to get the medication. One of my doctor friends says he feels like a trained seal.[U2]
    Negative Reporting on Vitamins—A vitamin article usually doesn’t get the same glossy presentation. Frequently, questionable vitamin research will be published and get blown out of proportion. A prime example of this was the clamor in the press in 2008 that vitamin E somehow caused lung cancer. [6]
    I studied this 2008 experiment [7] and found glaring errors in its execution. These errors were so obvious that the experiment shouldn’t have gotten any attention, yet this article ended up virtually everywhere. Anti-vitamin spin requires this kind of research to be widely disseminated to show how “ineffectual” and even “dangerous” vitamins are. I tracked down one of the article’s original authors and questioned him about the failure to define what kind of vitamin E had been studied. A simple literature hunt shows considerable difference between natural and synthetic vitamin E. This is an important distinction because most of the negative articles and subsequent treatment failures have used the synthetic form for the experiment, often because it is cheap. Natural vitamin E with mixed tocopherols and tocotrienols costs two or three times more than the synthetic form.–Before I even got the question out of my mouth, the researcher started up, “I know, I know what you’re going to say.” He ended up admitting that they hadn’t even considered the vitamin E type when they did the experiment. This failure to define the vitamin E type made it impossible to draw a meaningful conclusion. I asked the researcher if he realized how much damage this highly quoted article had done to vitamin credibility. If there has been anything like a retraction, I have yet to see it.
    Illness is Not Caused by Drug Deficiency—If you’ve made it this far in reading this article you have discerned that I’m sympathetic to vitamin arguments. I think most diseases are some form of malnutrition. Taking the position that nutrition is the foundation to disease doesn’t make medicine any simpler. You still have to figure out who has what and why. There are many disease states that are difficult to pin down using the “pharmaceutical solution to disease.” A drug solution is a nice idea, in theory. It makes the assumption that the cause of a disease is so well understood that a man-made chemical commonly called ‘medicine’ is administered, very efficiently solving the health problem. The reality though, is medicine doesn’t understand most health problems very well. A person with a heart rhythm disturbance is not low on digoxin. A child who is diagnosed with ADHD does not act that way because the child is low on Ritalin. By the same logic, a person with type II diabetes doesn’t have a deficit of metformin. The flaw of medicine is the concept of managing (but not curing) a particular disease state. I’m hard pressed to name any disease state that mainstream medicine is in control of.—Voltaire allegedly said, “Doctors are men who pour drugs of which they know little, to cure diseases of which they know less, into human beings of whom they know nothing.”
    References:
    1. Free full text paper at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1422648/pdf/20021200s00014p814.pdf
    Also: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1422648/?tool=pubmed
    2. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2777040 and http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1697548
    3. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21509344 and http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21731913
    4. http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch/SafetyInformation/
    SafetyAlertsforHumanMedicalProducts/ucm245275.htm
    5. http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMsa070502#t=articleResults
    6. Media example:
    http://seniorjournal.com/NEWS/Nutrition-Vitamins/2008/8-02-29-VitaminEMay.htm .
    OMNS’ discussion at: http://orthomolecular.org/resources/omns/v04n18.shtml
    7. Original article at:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2258445/?tool=pubmed or http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2258445/pdf/AJRCCM1775524.pdf
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    Urban farming gets a boost
    The San Diego City Council has opted to whip out the Miracle-Gro for urban farms, voting this week on myriad changes that allow residents to raise goats and chickens on their property, while enabling groups to grow crops on vacant lots in commercial zones without having to cut through a thicket of red tape.–The changes came on a unanimous vote that Councilwoman Lorie Zapf called regulatory relief and Councilman Todd Gloria called common sense. “It’s going to add to the quality of life in our city,” Gloria said. “As we become denser and more vertical in our communities, were going to need more opportunities to expand urban agriculture and grow our own food where we can.” Under the new rules, residents in most houses can keep up to five chickens. If a coop is kept at least 15 feet from property lines, a resident can keep up to 15 chickens. If the coop is at least 50 feet from any residential structure, a resident can keep up to 50 chickens. Coops have to be predator proof, ventilated and clean, while providing at least 6 square feet per bird.—Roosters are still off limits.-Under the old rules, residents could keep up to 25 chickens, but they had to be kept at least 50 feet from residential structures. That effectively banned them.—Goats are now allowed at single family homes, though males must be neutered and the animals must be of the miniature variety. Goat products, such as milk and cheese, must be for personal consumption only.—Finally, beekeeping will now be allowed in single-family areas, though no more than two hives are allowed and they must be at least 15 feet from a neighbor’s home and 20 feet from a street, alley or sidewalk. Hives must be in a protected area and screens are required in most circumstances.—The move to streamline the bureaucratic problems that accompanied efforts to establish community farms evolved several years ago when a group of refugees wanted to till the soil at a vacant lot in the mid-city area. The New Roots Community Farm finally opened after repeated delays, but only after organizers paid about $40,000 in fees. Its success, however, has been marked by a 2010 visit from First Lady Michelle Obama and extensive media coverage, including a recent feature in The New York Times. The co-op now has more than 80 growers from a dozen countries.—The challenges faced in opening the farm led Gloria to start seeking changes in the city’s ordinances related to urban agriculture. “It put the issue of urban agriculture on the radar,” he said. After New Roots was planted, Gloria began hearing from others frustrated with San Diego’s rules. At a community coffee in 2009, he got an earful from a couple of North Park neighbors who were told they couldn’t keep a small number of chickens on their property. “They thought it was unfair. I agreed. I thought it was silly for our code compliance officers to have to spend all this time on chickens. It just didn’t seem appropriate to me.”–The city secured a $50,000 SANDAG grant last March that was to pay for staffers to research and craft a new urban agriculture ordinance. That ordinance came to the City Council on Tuesday.
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    Tax ‘toxic’ sugar, doctors urge–Age restriction for sugary drinks proposed
    Sugar is so toxic that it should be taxed and slapped with regulations like alcohol, some U.S. researchers argue. In a commentary published in Wednesday’s issue of the journal Nature, doctors from the University of California, San Francisco, say that rising global rates of major killers such as heart disease and Type 2 diabetes aren’t caused by obesity as commonly thought. Instead, obesity is a marker for those health problems, and sugar is the true culprit, Dr. Robert Lustig, Laura Schmidt and Claire Brindis said. “We recognize that societal intervention to reduce the supply and demand for sugar faces an uphill political battle against a powerful sugar lobby,” they wrote. Measures such as smoking bans in public places, the use of designated drivers and the addition of condom dispensers in public washrooms were also battlegrounds that are now taken for granted for public health, the authors said in calling for sugar regulations.–They suggested:
    Taxing “added sugar” — any sweetener containing fructose that is added to food in processing, including sugar-sweetened beverages and sugared cereal.
    Controlling the location and density of fast-food outlets and convenience stores around schools and offering incentives to open grocery stores and farmers’ markets.
    Limiting sales during the school day or designating an age limit to buy drinks with added sugar.[U1]
    The researchers said sugar meets four criteria for regulation that are largely accepted by public health experts and that were first applied to alcohol. Those criteria are pervasiveness in society, toxicity, potential for abuse and negative impact on society.–It has been suggested that sales of sugary foods and drinks be limited during the school day. —The American Beverage Association responded to the article by saying there’s a drink and portion size for every occasion and lifestyle.-“We believe providing more options — not taking them away — is a better solution to help parents and individuals choose beverages that are right for them and their families,” the beverage group said on its website. Dietitians generally encourage people to eat a healthy diet without focusing on a single nutrient.–There are several toxic substances, such as salt and trans fat, that affect health if you eat too much of them, said Dr. Arya Sharma, scientific director of the Canadian Obesity Network.–“I don’t think we can bring the whole question about obesity down to a simple substance like people eating too much sugar,” Sharma said in an interview from Lethbridge, Alta.-The discussion is valuable, but no one knows what the unintended consequences of regulating sugar might be, Sharma said.–“Changing lifestyle is more about changing your life than your style,” Sharma said. “We have to ask ourselves, are we prepared to change our lives? Which means spend less time on the road, perhaps less hours working, perhaps start cooking again, perhaps bring home economics back into school.”
    [U1]These things are such a waste of time—this is to pacify the sugar Companies and retailers who use the white powder to further addict people—total waste of time Sugar needs to be stopped it is one of the most lethal poisons we have ever been addicted to and as a result causes a high rate of heart failure do to insulin overload and mineral depletion—and feeds a host of diseases that would otherwise not exist—Cancer –fungi—yeast—mild—microbial—organ failure –brain damage—liver damage—over worked immune system
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    Poles protest ACTA online and on the streets
     
    WARSAW, Poland (AP) — Hundreds of people waged a street protest in Warsaw on Tuesday to protest the government’s plan to sign an international copyright treaty, while several popular websites also shut down for an hour over the issue.—Poland’s support for the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement, or ACTA, has sparked days of protest, including attacks on government sites, by groups who fear it could lead to online censorship.—Prime Minister Donald Tusk insisted Tuesday that his government will not give in to the protesters. He vowed that Poland will sign the international agreement, which is aimed at protecting intellectual property — like music and books — and products including pharmaceuticals and designer items. ACTA enjoys widespread support from the producers of music, movies and a range of goods enjoying copyright protections.—“There will be no concessions to brutal blackmail,”[U1] Tusk said at a news conference.—Several popular websites replaced their normal content with a statement about ACTA, including several that are popular with young people and carry a mix of celebrity news, jokes, funny photographs and other entertaining material.—One site, http://www.wykop.pl, said that “under the banner of fighting piracy and concerns about intellectual property, ACTA will limit the rights of each of us.”—At the street protest, held in front of a European Union office, people carried banners that said “Stop ACTA,” while some put tape over their mouths to signify their fears that ACTA will infringe on freedom of expression online.—An extremist right-wing group is planning a separate protest Wednesday to oppose ACTA.—However, an influential group representing authors and composers — known by its Polish acronym ZAiKS — has thrown its support behind ACTA. ZAiKS argued that ACTA will not hurt Internet freedom but protect the rights of creators. It said that Internet piracy is now robbing artists and the state treasury of hundreds of millions of zlotys (many millions of dollars) in income[U2].—ACTA shares some similarities with the hotly debated Stop Online Piracy Act in the U.S., which was shelved by lawmakers last week after Wikipedia and Google blacked out or partially obscured their websites for a day in protest.—In recent days, a group calling itself Anonymous attacked Polish government websites, leaving several paralyzed on Sunday and Monday. On Tuesday, most appeared to be working again, though the prime minister’s site was unreachable.–Still, Polish leaders are vowing to stick to plans to sign ACTA in Tokyo on Thursday.—ACTA has been negotiated by a number of industrialized countries that have been struggling for ways to fight counterfeiting and intellectual property theft — crimes that cause huge losses to the movie and music industries and many other sectors.—The far-reaching agreement would cover everything from counterfeit pharmaceuticals to fake designer handbags to online piracy. The United States signed ACTA in October in Tokyo along with seven other countries: Australia, Canada, South Korea, Japan, New Zealand, Morocco and Singapore.–Critics of ACTA accuse the negotiating countries of hammering out the agreement in secret and failing to consult with the broader societies along the way.—(This version CORRECTS Updates with the websites going dark; corrects style on spelling of group ZAiKS. This story is part of AP’s general news and financial services
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    Borax- Near Miracle Medicine Unknown
     
    CHEMICAL NAME: Sodium borate decahydrate (borax)
    Would you believe a common box of laundry soap could treat thousands of patients, relieving them of fluoride toxicity, removing fungus from their body, taking out joint pains, while cleaning their receptor sites for better insulin and thyroxine utilization ? Could this be the missing link for syndrome X, diabetes and hypothyroidism types II ?
    The same could be said true for many common, household and laboratory chemicals, but our profit crazed society prefers otherwise. However, we should become prepared for an imminent financial collapse, and we doctors should know these chemistries as a duty to uphold the Hippocratic Oath. Further, it could save our patients sufferings NOW.
    Read more…
    WARNING!!!
    DO NOT CONFUSE BORAX WITH BORIC ACID!
    DO NOT TAKE BORIC ACID IN PLACE OF BORAX!
    There is a lot of evidence why borax is effective against nearly all forms of fungal disease, whether they be mycoplasma found in lupus, rosacea, dog mange, interstitial cystitis, plasmodium parasites, Morgellon’s disease, or even pneumonia. I think borax medicine is one of the medicines most ignored, misinformed or even suppressed in our present society. The so-called medical authorities have done its propaganda so well that very few know that the toxicity of borax is about equal to that of simple table salt.
    I have seen patients suffering from sore throat and laryngitis. The cure is relatively simple: gargle with borax in water. Take note of our revered Dr. Boericke:
    A piece of borax, the size of a pea, dissolved in the mouth, acts magically in restoring the voice, in cases of sudden hoarseness brought on by cold, and frequently for an hour or so, it renders the voice silvery and clear. HOMŒOPATHIC MATERIA MEDICA by William BOERICKE, M.D.
    Below is one of the many interesting points concerning borax, which mentions the use of borax against fungus, a well known fact amongst microbiologists but totally unknown to the public.
    There is another facet about Borax, and that is the mineral element Boron which is able to clean the receptor sites of cell membranes. This is particularly important for diabetes type II and hypothyroidism type II.
    Boron administered during fluoride intoxication or after its interruption, reduces fluoremia and increases urinary fluoride excretion. So Twenty Mule Team Borax is our answer to de-intoxicate the body from poisoning by municipal water sources of which affects millions of people.
    Osteoarthritis. Developing research suggests that boron might be useful for decreasing symptoms of osteoarthritis.
    Improving thinking and coordination in older people. There is some evidence that taking boron by mouth might improve cognitive function and the ability to coordinate small muscle movements (fine motor skills) in older people.
    Increasing testosterone.
    Boron seems to affect the way the body handles other minerals such as magnesium and phosphorus. It also seems to increase estrogen levels in older (post-menopausal) women and healthy men. Estrogen is thought to be helpful in maintaining healthy bones and mental function.
    Boron supplementation can lower the amount of magnesium that is flushed out in the urine. This can lead to blood levels of magnesium that are higher than usual. Among older women, this seems to happen more often in women who do not get much magnesium in their diet. Among younger women, the effect appears to be greater in women who exercise less. No one knows how important this finding is to health, or whether it happens in men.
    ARTHRITIS; OSTEOPOROSIS; ANTI-AGING
    Try 1/8 teaspoon of borax in one liter of water/day. You just drink this water throughout the day. If it runs out then drink just normal water, with some magnesium added if possible. Magnesium found in the chloride form (see) is pre-digested. They seem to be synergistic with the vitamin D as vitamin D promotes calcium and the body needs to balance both magnesium and calcium to an ideal amount. So get some sunshine daily.
    NANO-BUGS: SKIN PROBLEMS; ATHLETE’S FOOT; BALDING; SCABIES
    Consider taking borax for mites, lice, scabies, etc. Some people believed the demodex mites are responsible for rosacea. They may be right. But, there are others too that are not yet identified. I prefer to lump all these insect issues to just one category: nanoinsects. These insects have several weakness that you can kill them, or at least weaken them. One obvious ones is borax. The treatment can be broken down to two things;
    1. Taken internally: Try 1/8 teaspoon (~250 MG.) of borax in one liter of water/day. You just drink or sip this water throughout the day. You can do this once or twice a week as a tonic. This will clean your cellular receptor sites for insulin and thyroxine.
    2. Used externally: Dog mange is confirmed demodex mites and the only treatment that effectively cured of dog mange is 1% hydrogen peroxide and borax saturated solution applied topically. Many people believe the demodex mites is the cause of rosacea. What I am sure about is it is an insect issue. The method of killing them is external application of 1% hydrogen peroxide with borax saturated solution to the face, unrinsed. It tends to cause drying. So you can apply appropriate lotions to prevent drying, such as jojoba oil, aloe vera or another oil or cream.
    3. Borax — The ultimate fungal killer. Take 1/8 teaspoon in a litre of water every day. Normally taken for 4 days, then 3 days off every week. 20 Mule Team Borax is fine for this. Borax also removes fluorine from the body.
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    [U1]Meaning the deal is done and we do not care what you think—and you really have NO RIGHTS OF FREEDOM
    [U2]Always the same BS –we are losing Money—what everyone should do is what w=hat was done too the rockstars that went after napster –boycott and not buy or support anything these @$$ holes are trying to do –infringe on expression
     
    [U1]This same Kind of Ad campaigning goes on in the Nutraceutical end as well with the imagery of the container looking like something coming out of a lab or doctors office—and a lot of times these same substances being sold in the health food industry are just fluff or prohibitively expensive and Do either very little or nothing at all other then bleed your wallet
    [U2]So here is where the Doctors should be banning to remove this kind of ad campaigning to get people off the idea of illegal drug use-via ad commercial and then write them a drug
    [U3]Only if you grow your own grapesd and do not spray—this is one of those re hashed articles and when you read this kind of stuff this implies there researcher does not know enough to understand the nature of GMO or Sprays that don’t wash off and can actually activate by the sugar one consumes from these skins
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    Show of the Week February 13 2012
     
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    The Effects of Taraxacum Officinale Extracts (TOE) Supplementation on Physical Fatigue in Mice
    Anti-influenza virus effect of aqueous extracts from dandelion.
    Recipe For Dandelion
    U.S. Law Allows Testing of Chemicals and Biological Agents on “Civilian Population”
    Glyphosate in Monsanto’s Roundup Impacting Global Health
     
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    The Effects of Taraxacum Officinale Extracts (TOE) Supplementation on Physical Fatigue in Mice.
    Jinchun Z, Jie C.
    Source–Department of Physical Education, Huangshi Institute of Technology, Huangshi, Hubei Province, 435003, PRC.
    Abstract—The study is to investigate the effect of Taraxacum officinale extracts (TOE) supplementation on physical fatigue based on the forced swimming capacity in mice. Forty Kunming male mice were randomly divided into 4 groups, i.e., normal control (NC) and three doses of TOE treated group (High-dose, Middle-dose and Low-dose). Three TOE treated groups were treated by oral TOE with 10, 30 and 100mg/kg b.w respectively for a period of 42 days. The normal control group was given a corresponding volume of sterile distilled water. After 6 weeks, the forced swimming capacity and blood biochemical parameters in mice were measured, and the result showed that TOE had an anti- physical fatigue effect. It enhanced the maximum swimming capacity of mice, effectively delayed the lowering of glucose in the blood, and prevented the increase in lactate and triglyceride concentrations.
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    Anti-influenza virus effect of aqueous extracts from dandelion.
    He W, Han H, Wang W, Gao B.
    Source–CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology (CASPMI), Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1 Beichen West Road, Beijing 100101, PR China. [email protected]
    ABSTRACT
    BACKGROUND–Human influenza is a seasonal disease associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Anti-flu Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has played a significant role in fighting the virus pandemic. In TCM, dandelion is a commonly used ingredient in many therapeutic remedies, either alone or in conjunction with other natural substances. Evidence suggests that dandelion is associated with a variety of pharmacological activities. In this study, we evaluated anti-influenza virus activity of an aqueous extract from dandelion, which was tested for in vitro antiviral activity against influenza virus type A, human A/PR/8/34 and WSN (H1N1).–RESULTS—Results obstained using antiviral assays, minigenome assay and real-time reverse transcription-PCR analysis showed that 0.625-5 mg/ml of dandelion extracts inhibited infections in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells or Human lung adenocarcinoma cell line (A549) of PR8 or WSN viruses, as well as inhibited polymerase activity and reduced virus nucleoprotein (NP) RNA level. The plant extract did not exhibit any apparent negative effects on cell viability, metabolism or proliferation at the effective dose. This result is consistent with the added advantage of lacking any reported complications of the plant’s utility in traditional medicine over several centuries.—CONCLUSION-The antiviral activity of dandelion extracts indicates that a component or components of these extracts possess anti-influenza virus properties. Mechanisms of reduction of viral growth in MDCK or A549 cells by dandelion involve inhibition on virus replication.
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    RECIPE For Dandelion—take dried dandelion root or leaf and add 1-2 tablespoon in a percalotor—add 1 tsp of elderberry- add distilled water—and percolate this combo for 5 minutes –pour in a glass and drink several times a day—you can re add water to the percolator till the mix comes out clear or more transparent
     
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    U.S. Law Allows Testing of Chemicals and Biological Agents on “Civilian Population
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    Glyphosate in Monsanto’s Roundup Impacting Global Health
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    Show of the Week February 17 2012
     
    Hip fracture risk rises with acid reflux drug use
     
    Cholesterol and mortality – specific studies
     
    Coffee Consumption Reduces Fibrosis Risk in Those With Fatty Liver Disease
     
    How To Make A PVC Crisis Bow
     
    Antibacterial activity of essential oils from Eucalyptus and of selected components against multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens
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    Hip fracture risk rises with acid reflux drug use
     
    Some older women are more likely to suffer debilitating hip fractures if they take certain indigestion drugs, U.S. researchers say.–The risk of hip fracture was 1.35 times higher among post-menopausal women who regularly took drugs used to treat heartburn and acid reflux for two years compared with those who did not take the medication.—The study published in Wednesday’s issue of the British Medical Journal followed nearly 80,000 postmenopausal women participating in the U.S. Nurses Health Study from 2000 to 2008. Since that project started in 1976, analysis of the nurses’ medical records and questionnaires every two years have provided insight into health and lifestyle risks for women ranging from breast cancer to alcohol use. The findings suggested that women who took the heartburn drugs, known as proton pump inhibitors, and smoked could face more than 1.50 times higher risk of fracture.–In May 2010, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned of hip fractures among those taking PPIs but concluded that more data was needed for a full analysis.—While several other studies have raised concerns about the long-term use of proton pump inhibitors and risk of hip fractures, the results were conflicting and many lacked information on important diet and lifestyle factors that could make a difference.–Proton pump inhibitors are among the most commonly used drugs worldwide, the researchers said.–Use of the drugs increased in the U.S. after they became available without a prescription.–In the latest study, Hamed Khalili of Massachusetts General Hospital and his co-authors took menopausal status, body weight, physical activity levels, smoking, alcohol consumption and use of calcium supplements into account in their analysis.–Hip fractures from low and moderate traumas such as falling on ice or off a chair were included. High traumas such as skiing accidents or falling down the stairs were not.
    Hip fracture risk fell after drugs stopped–Over the eight-year study period, there were 893 hip fractures among the participants.–Compared with use of proton pump inhibitors, regular use of a milder antacid called H2 blockers was tied to a “more modest” risk of fracture of 1.23 times higher, the researchers said.–Given that use of proton pump inhibitors is on the rise, the estimates suggest the drugs could be contributing to a “high burden of fractures,” they concluded.—The risk of hip fracture returned to normal two years after women stopped taking proton pump inhibitors, the researchers said.—The study’s authors acknowledged drawbacks of the study, such as not having specific information on the type or brand of proton pump inhibitors used. They didn’t confirm hip fractures against medical records, but said the nurses are extremely reliable at reporting the injuries.–The study was funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health.
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    Cholesterol and mortality – specific studies
    The Honolulu Study(1) was a 20 year study of cholesterol levels and mortality in 3,572 Japanese American men. The study concluded that “Only the group with low cholesterol concentration at both examinations had a significant association with mortality”. The authors went on “We have been unable to explain our results”. (I.e. we were expecting lower cholesterol to equal lower mortality, not the other way round). –All credit to the team for their honest reporting of these unexpected results and their final statement in the abstract: “These data cast doubt on the scientific justification for lowering cholesterol to very low concentrations (<4·65 mmol/L) in elderly people.”–Framingham similarly concluded that “There is a direct association between falling cholesterol levels over the first 14 years and mortality over the following 18 years (11% overall and 14% CVD death rate increase per 1 mg/dL per year drop in cholesterol levels).”(2) Kendrick does a clever calculation on this quotation and translates this into – a reduction in cholesterol from 5 to 4 mmol/L would increase your risk of dying by 400%.—————Elaine Meilahn reported in Circulation (2005) “In 1990, an NIH (National Institutes of Health) conference concluded from a meta-analysis of 19 studies that men and, to a lesser extent, women with a total serum cholesterol level below 4.2 mmol/L exhibited about a 10% to 20% excess total mortality compared with those with a cholesterol level between 4.2 and 5.2 mmol/L. Specifically, excess causes of death included cancer (primarily lung and hematopoietic), respiratory and digestive disease, violent death (suicide and trauma), and hemorrhagic stroke.”(3)——————- In The Great Cholesterol Con, Dr Malcolm Kendrick analysed some World Health Organisation (WHO) data. The WHO has extensive data from almost 200 countries on more health measures than you could imagine – definitely worth a look one rainy afternoon. This is where Kendrick presented the world with two different Seven Country Studies. Kendrick took the seven countries with the lowest saturated fat intake and then the seven countries with the highest saturated fat intake. ——Cholesterol-lowering-enthusiasts may need to read this twice – but he found: “Every single one of the seven countries with the lowest saturated fat consumption has significantly higher rates of heart disease than every single one of the countries with the highest saturated fat consumption.”—As Kendrick’s two unbiased seven country studies showed – there is not even an association between saturated fat and heart disease – let alone causation. However, Keys published his Seven Country Study and the rest, as they say, is history.–The next chapter in The Great Cholesterol Con goes on to look at cholesterol and heart disease (and overall death rates) and quoted many great studies where it is shown that lower cholesterol is associated with higher mortality. However, it did leave me thinking – having run the data on saturated fat and heart disease, let’s just run all the data on the cholesterol and heart disease and get to the bottom of this hypothesis from all parts of the allegations.
    Cholesterol & Mortality
    It actually didn’t take that long – not even a couple of hours one Saturday afternoon. You go to the WHO statisitics area of their web site ( https://apps.who.int/infobase/Comparisons.aspx ) and then pick data for cholesterol from risk factors (how judgemental to start with) and then look under: Global burden of disease (mortality); All causes; Non communicable diseases and then G Cardiovascular disease (shortened to CVD). CVD deaths include ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease – that means fatal heart attacks and fatal strokes to lay people. You find the most recent year where you can get both sets of data to compare like with like. This turns out to be 2002. You download their very user friendly spreadsheet data (CSV) – cut and paste it into a spreadsheet application and then try to remember how the heck to do scatter diagrams!–The WHO data is split into men and women. I first did the scatter diagrams for average (mean) cholesterol levels and CVD deaths. Then I ran the Pearson correlation coefficient on these numbers. This gives us the term called “r”. “r” tells us if there is some kind of a relationship: an r score of 0 would indicate no relationship; an r score of 1 would indicate a perfect relationship. A negative r score is called an inverse relationship e.g. the price of concert tickets is likely to be inversely related to the number of concert tickets bought – fewer tickets being bought at higher prices.
    The “r” score for men revealed that there was a small relationship of 0.13 – however this relationship was inverse. The diagram and correlation shows that higher cholesterol levels are associated with lower CVD deaths and lower cholesterol levels are associated with higher CVD deaths. In women, the relationship is stronger – to the point of being meaningful. The r score was 0.52 – but, again, inverse. For women, higher cholesterol levels are quite significantly associated with lower CVD deaths and lower cholesterol levels are quite significantly associated with higher CVD deaths. Please note that I have added r squared on the graphs below (the spreadsheet application can do this for us) and it can confirm that you’ve got your r numbers right and r squared tells us the strength of any relationship we have observed.—All you need to do is to look at the lines going down to the right and wonder how on earth we ever got away with telling people that cholesterol causes heart disease. High cholesterol is associated with lower heart disease and vice versa – for all the data available in the world. High cholesterol is not even associated with high heart disease, let alone does it cause it.
     
    It gets worse. I then kept the cholesterol information and changed the death rates to total deaths – all deaths from any cause – cancer, heart disease, diabetes, strokes – all deaths. You can see the diagrams for men and women again below. This time there is a significant relationship for both men and women: 0.66 for men and 0.74 for women – again inverse. There is a significant association between higher cholesterol levels and lower deaths and lower cholesterol levels and higher deaths for men and an even more significant relationship for women.
    I removed the outliers (obvious ‘off-the-line’ data points) and reran the data and it made not one iota of difference. With 192 data points showing such a strong trend, a couple, or a handful, of countries really makes NO difference. —
    This is serious. I’ve shown it to a couple of academics (Professor sort of things) with whom I’ve been having great debates, as I want to see what the view is from people who wholly believe the fat/cholesterol/heart/death hypothesis. (Kendrick talks in his book about what happened when he showed an intelligent colleague his two seven countries studies and the evidence was just dismissed instantly). It is most useful to know what the resistance arguments will be before starting to invite the resistance. The two arguments I got back were:
    1) “Ah yes – but this is only an association.”
    Ah yes – but a) we changed global dietary advice back in 1977-1983 on the back of an association in Seven (carefully hand picked) Countries that miraculously became a causation even when the association was far from established and b) it is an association that’s the opposite to the one that the world currently holds true and c) that’s what epidemiology is supposed to be about – establish an association and then investigate if there could be any causation or useful learnings. So, let us go out with a new paradox – that high cholesterol is associated with low deaths and then see what dietary advice emerges.
    2) “But that’s total cholesterol – the key thing is the ratio of good to bad cholesterol.”– The chemical formula for cholesterol is C27H46O. There is no good version or bad version. HDL and LDL are not even cholesterol, let alone good cholesterol or bad cholesterol. They are lipoproteins and they carry cholesterol, triglyceride, phospholipids and protein. [U1]— This also says to me – even though saturated fat has nothing to do with cholesterol, it doesn’t actually matter. Even if it did – cholesterol is only associated with CVD deaths in an inverse way. If fat did raise cholesterol – as public health officials like to claim – it could save lives! (Their words, not mine.)
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    Coffee Consumption Reduces Fibrosis Risk in Those With Fatty Liver Disease
     
    ScienceDaily (Feb. 2, 2012) — Caffeine consumption has long been associated with decreased risk of liver disease and reduced fibrosis in patients with chronic liver disease. Now, newly published research confirms that coffee caffeine consumption reduces the risk of advanced fibrosis in those with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Findings published in the February issue of Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, show that increased coffee intake, specifically among patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), decreases risk of hepatic fibrosis.—The steady increase in rates of diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome over the past 20 years has given rise to greater prevalence of NAFLD. In fact, experts now believe NAFLD is the leading cause of chronic liver disease in the U.S., surpassing both hepatitis B and C. The majority of patients will have isolated fatty liver which has a very low likelihood of developing progressive liver disease. However, a subset of patients will have NASH, which is characterized by inflammation of the liver, destruction of liver cells, and possibly scarring of the liver. Progression to cirrhosis (advanced scarring of the liver) may occur in about 10-11% of NASH patients over a 15 year period, although this is highly variable.—To enhance understanding of the correlation between coffee consumption and the prevalence and severity of NAFLD, a team led by Dr. Stephen Harrison, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army at Brooke Army Medical Center in Fort Sam Houston, Texas surveyed participants from a previous NAFLD study as well as NASH patients treated at the center’s hepatology clinic. The 306 participants were asked about caffeine coffee consumption and categorized into four groups: patients with no sign of fibrosis on ultrasound (control), steatosis, NASH stage 0-1, and NASH stage 2-4.–Researchers found that the average milligrams in total caffeine consumption per day in the control, steatosis, Nash 0-1, and Nash 2-4 groups was 307, 229, 351 and 252; average milligrams of coffee intake per day was 228, 160, 255, and 152, respectively. There was a significant difference in caffeine consumption between patients in the steatosis group compared to those with NASH stage 0-1. Coffee consumption was significantly greater for patients with NASH stage 0-1, with 58% of caffeine intake from regular coffee, than with NASH stage 2-4 patients at only 36% of caffeine consumption from regular coffee.—-Multiple analyses showed a negative correlation between coffee consumption and risk of hepatic fibrosis. “Our study is the first to demonstrate a histopatholgic relationship between fatty liver disease and estimated coffee intake,” concludes Dr. Harrison. “Patients with NASH may benefit from moderate coffee consumption that decreases risk of advanced fibrosis. Further prospective research should examine the amount of coffee intake on clinical outcomes.”–Story Source—The above story is reprinted from materials provided by Wiley-Blackwell, via AlphaGalileo..—Journal Reference-Jeffrey W. Molloy, Christopher J. Calcagno, Christopher D. Williams, Frances J. Jones, Dawn M. Torres, Stephen A. Harrison. Association of coffee and caffeine consumption with fatty liver disease, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, and degree of hepatic fibrosis. Hepatology, 2012; 55 (2): 429 DOI: 10.1002/hep.24731
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    How To Make A PVC Crisis Bow
     
    The young people of today spend less time learning to hunt and trap wild game or catch fish than generations of the past. The United States Fish and Wildlife Service conducted a survey about outdoor recreation that showed that between 2001 and 2006, 12 percent fewer people spent time fishing, and 4 percent fewer people spent time hunting. This is good news for trout and deer, but not such great news for society. Urbanization and electronic hobbies like video games and cable television shows are slowly taking the place of rural communities and outdoor recreation. Children involved in sports and other extracurricular activities have less time to spend learning about hunting and fishing – and parents shuffling them between events have less time to teach them.
    Another reason people are hunting less is because the equipment is not readily available or is too expensive. Too often, sporting goods stores cater more to team sports and outdoor activities like hiking or bicycling than they do hunting and fishing. High price tags attached to the quality products found on their shelves discourage some customers from even trying those types of sports in the first place. And some other stores only carry products related to hunting and fishing during certain times of the year, making it impossible to buy the supplies necessary for practicing those sports during the off-season.
    It’s the Hunt, Not the Kill
    For many hunters, including the ones in my own and my husband’s families, the sport is not about killing animals. It’s about hunting, and it’s about parents passing down the traditions they learned from their parents and grandparents. Responsive Management, an outdoor research group in Harrisonburg, Virginia, says that about 90 percent of kids who hunt do so because they grew up around adults who are hunting enthusiasts. My husband is a traditional archer, and one way that he inspired our sons to try the hobby was by helping them make their own bow hunting equipment. They recently found a YouTube video that showed how to turn a PVC pipe into an archery bow, and of course had to try it out for themselves.
    You might wonder why anyone would want to turn a piece of PVC pipe into a bow. First of all, it’s very economical. Prices for archery bows for a beginner or a child can start out as much as one hundred dollars or more. Higher quality equipment for serious hunters can run well over one thousand dollars. A PVC archery bow costs less than twenty dollars to make. It is a great bow for a beginner or a child because it is lightweight and easy to handle. And because the PVC construction is waterproof, it also makes a great tool for bow fishing.
    Building your own PVC archery bow will require trips to both hardware and farm supply stores for supplies. This product list and the following instructions are the ones my teenage sons followed. Instructions for a few different versions of a PVC archery bow exist online, but the ones on “The Mans Cave” website were extremely easy to follow. They even have a video that shows each step from start to finish. In addition to the instructions below, they also show how to make an arrow rest from PVC pipe. My sons had so much fun on this project that they’re now making them for friends and a few of their cousins.
    Materials Needed
    One 5′ section of schedule 40 PVC pipe, 3/4″ thick
    One 5′ section of schedule 40 PVC pipe, 1/2″ thick
    One 4′ 5″ section of fiberglass rod, 3/8″ thick
    Duct tape and electrical wrap
    Pipe insulation (for handle)
    One 55″ bowstring
    WD-40
    Spray paint (optional)
    Safety glasses
    Need to put meat on the table fast?
    Instructions
    Before starting any part of this project that involves cutting, filing, or sanding, please put on a pair of safety glasses. PVC shavings and dust flying about the air can easily cause damage to the eyes.
    Using a saw, cut a line down the one side of your 1/2″ thick PVC pipe. Try to keep the line as straight as possible.
    Spray the inside of both ends of your 3/4″-thick PVC pipe with WD-40.
    Spray the outside of your 1/2″-thick PVC pipe with WD-40.
    Force the 1/2″ thick PVC pipe into the 3/4″ thick section. You may have to push the pipe against the ground to force it all the way in. If you do this, please be careful because you do not want to snap your pipe in half. Keep pushing until the 1/2″-thick pipe is fully inserted into the 3/4″-thick one.
    Mark off 3/4″ from either side of the pipe.
    Using a 1/8″ drill bit, drill a hole on either side of the pipe right on the mark. Be sure the holes line up and are even on both sides at each end.
    Using a hacksaw, cut through the end of the pipe, stopping at the holes you drilled in the last step.
    Repeat this on the other end of the bow.
    Using a metal file, smooth down the inside of the cut to clean up any rough edges. You are going for a clean look during this step.
    Using rough grit sandpaper, smooth down the areas you just filed for a polished finish.
    Wipe your bow clean of any dust from the cutting and filing and use spray paint to decorate it however you want.
    Attach a piece of pipe insulation for a handle and, if you prefer to make it more permanent, duct tape it in place.
    Wrap the fiberglass rod with duct tape and then wrap it in a layer of electrical tape.
    Stick the fiberglass rod into the PVC pipes. This will help add pounds to your bow when you are shooting it.
    String it as you would a normal longbow, and you are ready to begin shooting. As I said before, quite a few variations of instructions for making a PVC archery bow exist online, both for longbow and recurve types. The instructions in this article are easy to follow, especially for a beginner or someone who cannot invest a lot of money into the project.
    Archery Accessories
    Some bow hunting accessories are optional, while hunters from all walks agree that others are mandatory for going out to spend a day in their favorite hunting area. What you take hunting is up to you, but here are some suggestions:
    Arm guard – A good arm guard costs less than twenty dollars, and not only do they protect your arm, but they also help you focus more on how accurate your arrow flies towards its intended target. If you’re handy with leather or just feeling brave, you can find instructions online for making your own.
    Bow socks – Made of soft cloth like fleece or flannel, a bow sock (or sometimes called a bow bag) prevents equipment from becoming scratched while in storage or being transported between your house and your favorite hunting spot. If either you or your significant other is at all handy with a sewing machine, try making one with fleece purchased at your local fabric store. Some sell fleece that is 68″ wide, which is the perfect size when making a bow sock for a 60″ PVC archery bow.
    Quiver – This is by far the best item for carrying your spare arrows. A quiver prevents accidental stabbings and helps to keep the feathers at the end of the arrow from getting ruffled. Websites like Etsy have custom-made quivers of materials like leather studded with medieval-looking steel plating, raccoon fur that harkens to the days of native America, oriental bamboo, and more. Even if you don’t plan to buy a quiver from the Internet, websites like Etsy are a great source of inspiration when looking for ideas for how to make your own items.
    Stringers – These pull the limbs of the bow evenly to allow the bowstring to loop over the tips of the bow. Using a bow stringer means the limbs are less likely to twist and thus cause damage to the bow.
    Targets – There’s nothing like practicing, whether during bow season or in the off months. You can find various types of printable bull’s-eye targets online for free. My husband and sons love sticking these on the side of a cardboard box, an old hay bale, or anything else that allows the arrow to safely enter without passing completely through.
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    Antibacterial activity of essential oils from Eucalyptus and of selected components against multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens.
    Pharm Biol. 2011 Sep;49(9):893-9
    Authors: Mulyaningsih S, Sporer F, Reichling J, Wink M
    Abstract
    CONTEXT: Eucalyptus globulus Labill (Myrtaceae) is the principal source of eucalyptus oil in the world and has been used as an antiseptic and for relieving symptoms of cough, cold, sore throat, and other infections. The oil, well known as ‘eucalyptus oil’ commercially, has been produced from the leaves. Biological properties of the essential oil of fruits from E. globulus have not been investigated much.
    OBJECTIVE: The present study was performed to examine the antimicrobial activity of the fruit oil of E. globulus (EGF) and the leaf oils of E. globulus (EGL), E. radiata Sieber ex DC (ERL) and E. citriodora Hook (ECL) against multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. Furthermore, this study was attempted to characterize the oils as well as to establish a relationship between the chemical composition and the corresponding antimicrobial properties.
    MATERIALS AND METHODS: The chemical composition of the oils was analyzed by GLC-MS. The oils and isolated major components of the oils were tested against MDR bacteria using the broth microdilution method.
    RESULTS: EGF exerted the most pronounced activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MIC ~ 250 µg/ml). EGF mainly consisted of aromadendrene (31.17%), whereas ECL had citronellal (90.07%) and citronellol (4.32%) as the major compounds. 1,8-cineole was most abundant in EGL (86.51%) and ERL (82.66%).–DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The activity of the oils can be ranked as EGF > ECL > ERL ~ EGL. However, all the oils and the components were hardly active against MDR Gram-negative bacteria. Aromadendrene was found to be the most active, followed by citronellol, citronellal and 1,8-cineole.–PMID: 21591991 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]