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    Four or More Cups of Coffee a Day May Keep Prostate Cancer Recurrence and Progression Away
    Aug. 26, 2013 — Coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of prostate cancer recurrence and progression, according to a new study by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center scientists that is online ahead of print in Cancer Causes & Control.–Corresponding author Janet L. Stanford, Ph.D., co-director of the Program in Prostate Cancer Research in the Fred Hutch Public Health Sciences Division, conducted the study to determine whether the bioactive compounds in coffee and tea may prevent prostate cancer recurrence and delay progression of the disease.–Stanford and colleagues found that men who drank four or more cups of coffee per day experienced a 59 percent reduced risk of prostate cancer recurrence and/or progression as compared to those who drank only one or fewer cups per week.–They did not, however, find an association between coffee drinking and reduced mortality from prostate cancer, although the study included too few men who died of prostate cancer to address that issue separately.
    First study to assess the link between tea and prostate cancer outcomes
    Regarding tea consumption, the researchers did not find an associated reduction of prostate cancer recurrence and/or progression. The study also did not draw any conclusions regarding the impact of tea drinking on prostate-specific death.—“To our knowledge, our study is the first to investigate the potential association between tea consumption and prostate cancer outcomes,” the authors wrote. “It is important to note, however, that few patients in our cohort were regular tea drinkers and the highest category of tea consumption was one or more cups per day. The association should be investigated in future studies that have access to larger populations with higher levels of tea consumption.”—The population-based study involved 1,001 prostate cancer survivors, aged 35-74 years old at the time of diagnosis between 2002-2005, who were residents of King County, Wash. Participants answered questions regarding their diet and beverage consumption two years prior to prostate cancer diagnosis using a validated food frequency questionnaire, and were interviewed about demographic and lifestyle information, family history of cancer, medication use and prostate cancer screening history.—The researchers followed up with patients more than five years after diagnosis to ascertain whether the prostate cancer had recurred and/or progressed. Those who were still living, willing to be contacted and had been diagnosed with non-metastatic cancer were included in the follow-up effort.–Of the original 1,001 patients in the cohort, 630 answered questions regarding coffee intake, fit the follow-up criteria and were included in the final analysis. Of those, 61 percent of the men consumed at least one cup of coffee per day and 12 percent consumed the highest amount: four or more cups per day.
    The study also evaluated daily coffee consumption in relation to prostate cancer-specific death in 894 patients using data from the initial food frequency questionnaire. After the median follow-up period of eight-and-a-half years, 125 of the men had died, including 38 specifically from prostate cancer. Daily coffee consumption was not associated with prostate cancer-specific mortality or other-cause mortality, but with few deaths these analyses were limited.–“Our study differs from previous ones because we used a composite definition of prostate cancer recurrence/progression,” said first author Milan Geybels, a doctoral student at Maastricht University in the Netherlands who was a graduate student in Stanford’s Prostate Studies group at Fred Hutch when the study was conducted. “We used detailed information on follow-up prostate-specific antigen levels, use of secondary treatment for prostate cancer and data from scans and biopsies to assess occurrence of metastases and cause-specific mortality during follow up. Using these detailed data, we could determine whether a patient had evidence of prostate cancer recurrence or progression.”—The results are consistent with findings from Harvard’s Health Professionals Follow-up Study, which found that men who drank six or more cups of coffee per day had a 60 percent decreased risk of metastatic/lethal prostate cancer as compared to coffee abstainers.[F1]
    Phytochemicals in coffee have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects
    Further research is required to understand the mechanisms underlying the results of the study, but biological activities associated with consumption of phytochemical compounds found in coffee include anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects and modulation of glucose metabolism. These naturally occurring compounds include:
    Caffeine, which has properties that inhibit cell growth and encourage apoptosis, or programmed cell death. Previous studies have found that caffeine consumption may reduce the risk of several cancer types, including basal-cell carcinoma, glioma (a cancer of the brain and central nervous system) and ovarian cancer.
    Diterpenes cafestol and kahweol, which may inhibit cancer growth.
    Chlorogenic acid, which, along with caffeic acid, can inhibit DNA methylation, a biochemical process involved in the development and progression of many cancer types.
    Additional studies needed to confirm whether coffee can prevent cancer recurrence
    The researchers emphasize that coffee or specific coffee components cannot be recommended for secondary prevention of prostate cancer before the preventive effect has been demonstrated in a randomized clinical trial. Further, there’s ongoing debate about which components in coffee are anti-carcinogenic, and additional large, prospective studies are needed to confirm whether coffee intake is beneficial for secondary prevention.
    Coffee drinking may even be problematic for some men, Geybels said.
    “Although coffee is a commonly consumed beverage, we have to point out that increasing one’s coffee intake may be harmful for some men. For instance, men with hypertension may be vulnerable to the adverse effects of caffeine in coffee. Or, specific components in coffee may raise serum cholesterol levels, posing a possible threat to coronary health. Patients who have questions or concerns about their coffee intake should discuss them with their general practitioner,” he said.
    The investigators also noted limits to their study, which included a lack of data on how coffee consumption might have changed following diagnosis, whether the coffee that participants consumed was caffeinated or decaffeinated, and how the coffee was prepared (espresso, boiled or filtered), a factor that may affect the bioactive properties of the brew.
    The National Cancer Institute, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Prostate Cancer Foundation and Dutch Cancer Society funded the research.
    Story Source-The above story is based on materials provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. -Journal Reference-Milan S. Geybels, Marian L. Neuhouser, Jonathan L. Wright, Marni Stott-Miller, Janet L. Stanford. Coffee and tea consumption in relation to prostate cancer prognosis. Cancer Causes & Control, 2013; DOI: 10.1007/s10552-013-0270-5
    Coffee Consumption Associated With Reduced Risk of Advanced Prostate Cancer
    Dec. 8, 2009 — While it is too early for physicians to start advising their male patients to take up the habit of regular coffee drinking, data presented at the American Association for Cancer Research Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research Conference revealed a strong inverse association between coffee consumption and the risk of lethal and advanced prostate cancers.—“Coffee has effects on insulin and glucose metabolism as well as sex hormone levels, all of which play a role in prostate cancer. It was plausible that there may be an association between coffee and prostate cancer,” said Kathryn M. Wilson, Ph.D., a postdoctoral fellow at the Channing Laboratory, Harvard Medical School and the Harvard School of Public Health.–In a prospective investigation, Wilson and colleagues found that men who drank the most coffee had a 60 percent lower risk of aggressive prostate cancer than men who did not drink any coffee. This is the first study of its kind to look at both overall risk of prostate cancer and risk of localized, advanced and lethal disease.–“Few studies have looked prospectively at this association, and none have looked at coffee and specific prostate cancer outcomes,” said Wilson. “We specifically looked at different types of prostate cancer, such as advanced vs. localized cancers or high-grade vs. low-grade cancers.”–Caffeine is actually not the key factor in this association, according to Wilson. The researchers are unsure which components of the beverage are most important, as coffee contains many biologically active compounds like antioxidants and minerals.–Using the Health Professionals’ Follow-Up Study, the researchers documented the regular and decaffeinated coffee intake of nearly 50,000 men every four years from 1986 to 2006; 4,975 of these men developed prostate cancer over that time. They also examined the cross-sectional association between coffee consumption and levels of circulating hormones in blood samples collected from a subset of men in the cohort.–“Very few lifestyle factors have been consistently associated with prostate cancer risk, especially with risk of aggressive disease, so it would be very exciting if this association is confirmed in other studies,” said Wilson. “Our results do suggest there is no reason to stop drinking coffee out of any concern about prostate cancer.”–This association might also help understand the biology of prostate cancer and possible chemoprevention measures. Story Source-The above story is based on materials provided by American Association for Cancer Research.
    Conspiracy Theories May Put Children’s Health at Risk
    Aug. 27, 2013 — A belief in conspiracy theories may influence parents’ intentions to have their children vaccinated against diseases such as measles. That is the conclusion of research being presented today, 28 August 2013, by Daniel Jolley and Karen Douglas at the Annual Conference of the British Psychological Society’s Social Psychology Section in Exeter.–Jolley and Douglas asked a sample of 89 parents about their views on anti-vaccine conspiracy theories and then asked participants to indicate their intention to have a fictional child vaccinated. They found that stronger belief in anti-vaccine conspiracy theories was associated with less intention to have the child vaccinated.—In a second study of 188 participants, Jolley and Douglas exposed participants to information concerning anti-vaccine conspiracy theories. It was found that reading this material reduced participants’ intention to have a fictional child vaccinated, relative to participants who were given refuting information, or those in a control condition.–Daniel Jolley said: “The recent outbreak of measles in the UK illustrates the importance of vaccination. Our studies demonstrate that anti-vaccine conspiracy theories may present a barrier to vaccine uptake.[F1]”[F2]–Dr Douglas added: “Our findings point to the potentially detrimental consequences of anti-vaccine conspiracy theories. It is easy to treat belief in conspiracy theories lightly, but our studies show that wariness about conspiracy theories may be warranted.”—Story Source–The above story is based on materials provided by British Psychological Society (BPS), via AlphaGalileo.
    How to Heal Wounds With Sugar
    Get step-by-step instructions for treating open wounds with sugar
    The best way to heal any open wound—including burns, lacerations, scrapes, bedsores, and diabetic ulcers—is with sugar dressings.
    When sugar is packed in a wound, it creates a highly concentrated medium where bacteria cannot survive. Sugar also reduces swelling, encourages the removal of dead tissue, and promotes the formation of connective tissue and new blood vessels. The net result is rapid healing with minimal scarring.
    To use a sugar dressing to treat a wound, follow these steps:
    Mix a couple of tablespoons of white sugar with enough glycerin to form a peanut butter-like consistency. (Glycerin, also called glycerol, simply helps the sugar stay in place. It’s sold in drugstores or may be ordered in bulk online.)
    Take a 4″ x 4″ piece of gauze and pull it into a long strip.
    Coat the gauze with petroleum jelly (Vaseline).
    Place the gauze around the outside of the wound. (It will act as a dam to contain the sugar.)
    Put a thick layer of the sugar/glycerin paste over the wound and cover with a sponge gauze.
    Secure with a cling dressing that holds the sugar in place but does not constrict.
    Change the sugar dressing every two to four days by removing the gauze, rinsing the wound with water, saline, or hydrogen peroxide, drying it, and applying fresh sugar/glycerin.
    Note: Honey (without glycerin) may be used in place of sugar, but I prefer sugar because it’s less expensive. Sugar and honey are perfectly safe to use on diabetic wounds because they do not enter the bloodstream. They will not work on abscesses or pustules that are covered with skin. Also, do not use these dressings on a bleeding wound, as sugar promotes bleeding.
    You can also just add enough water to sugar to turn into a paste—this to will work
    [F1]If there is a recent outbreak of measles then this would mean something would have had to introduce this into the environment —possibly t cause a scare into a populace to infect the children with these DNA –Genetic Mutating chemicals
    [F2]This Excellent News—this is signifying that people are getting the message and aer understanding the nature if what is going on in them anatomically
    [F1]That is almost 10% per cup
    First Long Term Study Released on Pigs, Cattle Who Eat GMO Soy and Corn Offers Frightening Results
    By Christina Sarich
    As UK officials tout GMO foods as ‘safe’ compared to organic crops, results of a long-term, peer-reviewed study conducted by a group of scientists led by Dr Judy Carman of the Institute of Health and Environmental Research in Australia has been released – and it proves that GMO are anything but ‘safe.’—Livestock in the UK and around the world have been fed GMO for over two decades, since the USDA authorized the commercial sale of GMO soy and corn to feed not only animals, but human beings in 1996. Much of the meat raised on these GMO crop are sent overseas, to countries like the UK, elsewhere in Europe, and even to cattle-abundant nations like Australia. This most recent study proves that a more sober examination of the long term effects of GMO on our environment and health should be demanded of corporations like Monsanto, even as other evidence mounts that GMO crops are unhealthy, especially considering that nations trying to remove GMO from their food supply are still being devastated by its ill-effects.—A loophole in the European labeling laws insinuated on the EU Commission due to lobbying pressure from the giant US grain cartel—Bunge, ADM, Cargill have allowed huge exports of US-made GMO food into Europe. Under the current laws, anything over .9 percent GMO is required to be labeled.—In this particular study, pigs and cows fed on the rather common diet of GMO corn and soy have suffered digestive and reproductive disorders. This is of particular importance since the human digestive tract is very similar to that of pigs.–Carman explains, “At a commercial piggery in the US, we took 168 just-weaned pigs and fed them a typical diet for the piggery, containing soy and corn, for 22.7 weeks (over 5 months) until the pigs were slaughtered at their usual slaughter age. Half of the pigs were fed widely-used varieties of GM soy and GM corn (the GM-fed group) for this whole period, and the other half of the pigs were fed an equivalent non-GM diet (the control group). The GM diet contained three GM genes and therefore three GM proteins. One protein made the plant resistant to a herbicide, and two proteins were insecticides.”—In short, this mixture of GMO foods led to a toxic mix in the digestive tract of the animals, leading to a reduced ability for GMO-fed pigs to reproduce. The pigs were studied from conception until slaughter (the first long term study of its kind) and all were all affected adversely. Female pigs were found to have the following possible pathologies, measured through careful analysis and post-mortem examination:[F1]
    · Endometrial hyperplasia
    · Carcinoma
    · Endometritis
    · Endometriosis
    · Adenomyosis
    · Inflammation
    · Thickening of the myometrium
    · Larger presence of polyps
    · Further, the uteri of the GMO-fed pigs were fluid filled compared to the pigs who weren’t fed a GMO diet.
    · The uteri of the pigs who consumed GMO food were 25% larger than non-GMO fed pigs.
    · Inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
    · Stomach ulcers
    · Stomach inflammation
    · Thinning of intestinal walls
    · Increase in hemorrhaging bowels (this causes the pigs to bleed to death from the bowels).
    Among these horrendous findings, scientists also noted that none of these types of results have been reported in the biochemistry tests performed by Monsanto or other companies in the GM industry.
    The derisory politics behind the GMO subject are perpetuated through the UK Minster’s praise of genetically altered foods. He has even said, in the face of these findings, that GMO offers, “most wonderful opportunities to improve human health.” With scientific evidence like this provided by scientists who aren’t funded by Monsanto and GMO corporations, the world has an opportunity to see just how malevolent these institutions are, who develop and disseminate these altered, health-killing crops.

    This article was published at NationofChange at: All rights are reserved.
    [F1]Now this is in Pigs that are being fed GMO—now imagine what this is doing to Humans feeding direct on GMO or cross contaminated GMO grains—with the animals feeding on them they will breakdown the bilk of the contamination but by eating a ore vegan way you get a 100% uptake of these dna and genetic damaging foods—as a result the illnesses you have do not heal or heal inappropriately and there is a constant renewing of the pathology or condition and all the medical field does is mask the symptoms til the body can no longer contain the materials or the body has been shut down to such a point because of the over writing of the Human Genome to this encoded food which initiates a new programming in the body using the immune system to corrupt our health
    Wave goodbye to global warming, GM and pesticides
    Radio wave-treated water could change agriculture as we know it. Its Irish pioneers meet Tom Prendeville—-MIRACLE GROW- Treated water results in larger, healthier crops, says Professor Austin Darragh of Limerick University
    25 August 2013
    A GROUNDBREAKING new Irish technology which could be the greatest breakthrough in agriculture since the plough is set to change the face of modern farming forever.
    The technology – radio wave energised water – massively increases the output of vegetables and fruits by up to 30 per cent.—Not only are the plants much bigger but they are largely disease-resistant, meaning huge savings in expensive fertilisers and harmful pesticides.—Extensively tested in Ireland and several other countries, the inexpensive water treatment technology is now being rolled out across the world. The technology makes GM obsolete and also addresses the whole global warming fear that there is too much carbon dioxide in the air, by simply converting excess CO2 into edible plant mass. Developed by Professor Austin Darragh and Dr JJ Leahy of Limerick University’s Department of Chemistry and Environmental Science, the hardy eco-friendly technology uses nothing but the natural elements of sunlight, water, carbon dioxide in the air and the minerals in the soil. The compact biscuit-tin-sized technology, which is called Vi-Aqua – meaning ‘life water’ – converts 24 volts of electricity into a radio signal, which charges up the water via an antennae. Once the device is attached to a hose, thousands of gallons of water can be charged up in less than 10 minutes at a cost of pennies. Speaking about the new technology, Professor Austin Darragh says- “Vi-Aqua makes water wetter and introduces atmospheric nitrogen into the water in the form of nitrates – so it is free fertiliser. It also produces the miracle of rejuvenating the soil by invigorating soil-based micro-organisms.–“We can also make water savings of at least 30 per cent. When the water is treated it becomes a better solvent, which means it can carry more nutrients to the leaves and stem and percolate better down into the soil to nourish the roots, which in turn produces a better root system. Hence the reason you need less water and why you end up with larger and hardier crops,” explains Professor Austin Darragh.–Extensively tested in Warrenstown Agricultural College, the technology is being hailed as a modern day miracle.–Harold Lawler is Ireland’s foremost Agricultural Specialist. As Director of the National Botanical Gardens and former Master of Agricultural Science at Warrenstown Agricultural College, he has carried out more research on Vi-Aqua growth-enhancing technology than perhaps anyone else in the world:
    “In the bedding plants we really saw a difference in the results; they were much hardier and tougher. You could drop a tray of these plants on the ground and they would not shatter, like ordinary plants.–“We also noticed that the treated plants needed far less fertiliser than the untreated ones. The roots took the nutrients in better whereas with other normal plants leaching of minerals occurs,” explains Harold Lawler.–Impressed, Harold Lawler’s research team carried out further extensive tests on a wide variety of vegetable plants: “The iceberg lettuces were far superior with faster germination, and with carrots for example, the crops were on average 46 per cent heavier,” explains Harold Lawler. During recent successful tomato crop field trials in Italy, three of the country’s largest Agricultural Co-op’s were so impressed with the results that they have now decided to recommend the technology to the country’s farming community. Elsewhere, the Indian government have now concluded their own tests, which confirm that they are able to boost tea (plant) production by over a third while using far less water. In recognition of the groundbreaking technology, the Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew, London, recently took the hitherto unheard-of step of granting Professor Austin Darragh and his team the right to use their official centuries-old coat of arms on the new technology – the first time ever that Kew Gardens has afforded anyone such an honour. -The Kew Gardens botanists were not just impressed with the research; they used the technology to restore to life a very rare orchid which had been lying dormant and practically dead in a greenhouse bell jar since 1942. Amazingly, the orchid is now flourishing once again. -Intriguingly, chickens and sheep fed the energised water turned into giants. . . but that’s another story! Limerick University off- campus company ZPM Europe Ltd, who are based in the National Technology Park, Limerick, is now manufacturing the Vi-Aqua technology.—-Sunday Independent
    Oxygen-Generating Compound Shows Promise for Saving Tissue After Severe Injury
    Aug. 26, 2013 — The same compound in a common household clothes detergent shows promise as a treatment to preserve muscle tissue after severe injury. Researchers at the Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center’s Institute for Regenerative Medicine hope the oxygen-generating compound could one day aid in saving and repairing limbs and tissue.–The research in rats, published online ahead of print in PLOS ONE, found that injections of the compound sodium percarbonate (SPO) can produce enough oxygen to help preserve muscle tissue when blood flow is disrupted.–“Some commercial detergents generate oxygen bubbles to help clean clothes or remove stains,” said Benjamin Harrison, Ph.D., co-author and associate professor of regenerative medicine at Wake Forest Baptist. “We modified the material so it can be injected into muscle and provide a boost of oxygen to slow down muscle death until surgery can restore blood flow. Potential applications include treating amputations, crush injuries from car accidents or even blast injuries suffered by those in combat zones.”–SPO is a combination of sodium carbonate and hydrogen peroxide molecules. In the presence of water, it decomposes into oxygen and other salts. The current formulation used by the researchers generates oxygen for about three hours.–“Normally, when blood flow to muscle tissue is reduced due to severe injury, the muscle begins to die,” said Harrison. “Providing extra oxygen to oxygen-deprived muscle following injury is currently a major medical challenge. The few treatments that are available are primarily aimed at increasing the oxygen-carrying capacity of blood and require an intact system of blood vessels to carry that fluid, which we don’t always have in damaged tissue.”–When muscles don’t have enough oxygen, they lose the ability to contract and their delicate metabolic balance (homeostasis) is impaired. The current project measured the effects of injecting oxygen-starved muscles with SPO. The first phase of this study, involving laboratory studies of muscle outside the body, compared SPO-treated muscles with non-treated muscles and found that SPO was effective at preserving both function and homeostasis in oxygen-deprived muscles.–“Our surprising finding was that even after exercising isolated leg muscles in the absence of oxygen, the muscles injected with the SPO compound could generate 20 percent more force than untreated muscles,” said Harrison. “These studies were conducted using a standard laboratory test to evaluate muscle function outside the body.”–Another part of the study involved rats in which the blood flow to a leg was interrupted and muscle function was studied while still in the body. The scientists measured flexion of the foot in response to nerve stimulation, which causes contraction of the tibialis anterior muscle. Even 30 minutes after the start of exercise (muscle stimulation), oxygen-deprived muscles injected with SPO maintained 30 percent of normal force. In muscles not treated with SPO, there was nearly complete cessation of contraction under identical conditions.
    “This research, which evaluated muscles both outside and within the body, is the first to demonstrate that an oxygen-generating compound helps preserve muscle function and metabolic balance after oxygen-deprivation,” said Harrison. “It may be a way to get oxygen to muscles when blood flow is severely compromised.”–Harrison said additional work is still needed to determine if SPO will be effective in larger muscles and can be dispersed throughout the muscle, as well as if it can be applied to humans.–If successful, Harrison said the treatment could potentially extend the window of time, known as the “golden hour” in emergency medicine, when treatment has the highest chance of preventing death.–“The major implication of these findings is that oxygen-generating compounds can potentially reduce the magnitude of the permanent functional deficits resulting from traumatic injury to muscle, said George Christ, Ph.D., co-author and professor of regenerative medicine at Wake Forest Baptist. “This effect alone would be extremely valuable to both wounded warriors and civilians. However, it is also conceivable that the technology, because it delivers oxygen independent of blood flow, may also have diverse applications to the salvage, repair and regeneration of soft tissue following trauma.”–The research was funded by the National Institutes of Health and the Armed Forces Institute for Regenerative Medicine.-Co-authors are Catherine L. Ward, Ph.D., Benjamin T. Corona, Ph.D., James J. Yoo, M.D., Ph.D., Wake Forest Baptist.–Story Source-The above story is based on materials provided by Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center. –Journal Reference-Catherine L. Ward, Benjamin T. Corona, James J. Yoo, Benjamin S. Harrison, George J. Christ. Oxygen Generating Biomaterials Preserve Skeletal Muscle Homeostasis under Hypoxic and Ischemic Conditions. PLoS ONE, 2013; 8 (8): e72485 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072485
    An Idea
    an idea here is to take baking soda and peroxide and run through a humidifier as an oxygen increase may in fact saturate the system with oxygen increasing healing while sleeping this may increase oxygen to those parts of the body where the circulation maybe impeded and may assist people with snoring issues
    Apple pectin for the reduction of niacin-induced flushing.
    J Clin Lipidol. 2013 Mar-Apr;7(2):140-6
    Authors: Moriarty PM, Backes J, Dutton JA, He J, Ruisinger JF, Schmelzle K
    BACKGROUND: Niacin, or vitamin B3, when used in high doses can significantly improve the levels of all major lipoproteins. Despite these benefits, the use of niacin is greatly limited secondary to benign yet bothersome cutaneous flushing primarily involving the face and upper extremities. Pretreatment with aspirin or other prostaglandin inhibitors has demonstrated significant reductions in niacin-induced flushing (NIF), but other treatment options are needed. Clinical and anecdotal evidence suggests the ingestion of pectin-containing fruits (eg, apple) mitigates NIF; however, clinical trials evaluating this are nonexistent.
    OBJECTIVE: That pretreatment with encapsulated apple pectin would limit the incidence, severity, time of initiation, and duration of NIF.
    METHODS: We enrolled 100 niacin-naïve subjects (n = 25 per group) and preteated them in a double-blind manner with apple pectin, apple pectin + aspirin, aspirin, or placebo, followed by a one-time 1000 mg dose of niacin extended-release (niacin ER). Subjects then assessed major flushing parameters hourly for the next 6 hours with a validated visual analog scale.
    RESULTS: Apple pectin and aspirin each significantly lowered the duration of NIF and produced nonsignificant but positive improvements in all other major flushing parameters compared with placebo.
    CONCLUSION: Apple pectin may potentially be an alternative to aspirin for the prevention of NIF. Larger trials are needed to further evaluate the benefit of pectin on NIF.–PMID: 23415433 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
    CSimple pectin recipe—take the white of an orange or grape fruit –peeled and chopped up apple and through into a blender and ½ cup of water distilled and blend to a mush and do this for about 5 minutes –stop blender and set in glass container—this is your pectin so if you take a high dose of niacin then this should increase the reduction time of the flushing