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    Toxic Nanoparticles Might Be Entering Human Food Supply
    Aug. 22, 2013 — Over the last few years, the use of nanomaterials for water treatment, food packaging, pesticides, cosmetics and other industries has increased. For example, farmers have used silver nanoparticles as a pesticide because of their capability to suppress the growth of harmful organisms. However, a growing concern is that these particles could pose a potential health risk to humans and the environment. In a new study, researchers at the University of Missouri have developed a reliable method for detecting silver nanoparticles in fresh produce and other food products.–“More than 1,000 products on the market are nanotechnology-based products,” said Mengshi Lin, associate professor of food science in the MU College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources. “This is a concern because we do not know the toxicity of the nanoparticles. Our goal is to detect, identify and quantify these nanoparticles in food and food products and study their toxicity as soon as possible.”–Lin and his colleagues, including MU scientists Azlin Mustapha and Bongkosh Vardhanabhuti, studied the residue and penetration of silver nanoparticles on pear skin. First, the scientists immersed the pears in a silver nanoparticle solution similar to pesticide application. The pears were then washed and rinsed repeatedly. Results showed that four days after the treatment and rinsing, silver nanoparticles were still attached to the skin, and the smaller particles were able to penetrate the skin and reach the pear pulp.—“The penetration of silver nanoparticles is dangerous to consumers because they have the ability to relocate in the human body after digestion,” Lin said. “Therefore, smaller nanoparticles may be more harmful to consumers than larger counterparts.”—When ingested, nanoparticles pass into the blood and lymph system, circulate through the body and reach potentially sensitive sites such as the spleen, brain, liver and heart.–The growing trend to use other types of nanoparticles has revolutionized the food industry by enhancing flavors, improving supplement delivery, keeping food fresh longer and brightening the colors of food. However, researchers worry that the use of silver nanoparticles could harm the human body.–“This study provides a promising approach for detecting the contamination of silver nanoparticles in food crops or other agricultural products,” Lin said.–Members of Lin’s research team also included Zhong Zang, a food science graduate student. The study was published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
    Story Source-The above story is based on materials provided by University of Missouri-Columbia. The original article was written by Diamond Dixon. -Journal Reference-Zhong Zhang, Mengshi Lin, Sha Zhang, Bongkosh Vardhanabhuti. Detection of Aflatoxin M1 in Milk by Dynamic Light Scattering Coupled with Superparamagnetic Beads and Gold Nanoprobes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2013; 61 (19): 4520 DOI: 10.1021/jf400043z
    Effects of nicotine, its metabolites and tobacco extracts on human platelet function in vitro.
    Toxicol In Vitro. 2013 Mar;27(2):932-8–Authors: Ljungberg LU, Persson K, Eriksson AC, Green H, Whiss PA
    Cigarette smoking is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease. The cardiovascular effects of smoking are probably multifactorial, including effects on platelets. Previous reports investigating the effects of nicotine and tobacco on platelet function are inconsistent. The present study investigated in vitro effects of nicotine, its major metabolites, tobacco extracts and extract of tobacco-free snuff on human platelets. None of the metabolites cotinine, cotinine-N-oxide, nicotine-1′-N-oxide or trans-3′-hydroxycotinine (0.1-10 μM) affected platelet aggregation or P-selectin expression. Nicotine (10 μM) weakly increased platelet aggregation, whereas trans-3′-hydroxycotinine (0.1 μM) and nicotine-1′-N-oxide (1-10 μM) weakly inhibited adhesion to fibrinogen. To elucidate the influence of other tobacco compounds, we investigated the impact of moist tobacco and smoke extracts on platelet function. Filtered extracts of oral snuff, cigarette smoke and tobacco free snuff inhibited platelet adhesion concentration-dependently. The inhibitory effects of tobacco extracts on platelet adhesion were independent of nicotine content and the nitric-oxide-pathway and not mediated through a platelet-nicotine-receptor. Taken together, tobacco extracts inhibit platelet activation during short-term in vitro challenge. As only limited effects of nicotine and nicotine metabolites were seen, the tobacco-induced platelet inhibition are likely induced by other compounds present in tobacco and tobacco free snuff.
    We Are Change –Benadette Green
    Here is the link to MeetUP. They need to sign up and join the Group. I’m still finding my way around this site Tony..Next weeks project. .
    Please join us, share the Global March Windsor event and/or keep in touch here.
    Sunday, Aug 25, 2013, 2:00 PM
    Dieppe Gardens
    Riverside Drive West Windsor, ON
    1 Active for Community Needs. Went
    Check out this Meetup →
    Sunday, August 25, 2013
    2:00pm– Dieppe Park Windsor, Ontario
    The owner of Milk Coffee Bar on University says he will play What in the world Are they Spraying on the same day as the event
    TOP A
    [F1] Replaceable slaves and ones that will last longer but will eventually rebel—anything created it would appear reaches a level of sencence and then rebels this will be no different
    [F2]This will not assist either this diet was just as destructive —with the change there will be a relief from the corn but the wheat and other grains also has this ongoing cross contamination of GMOS and you are not going toescape this change unless all grains are released—
    [F3]STOP here —see the BS here the key word is feed not nourish—we can turn garbage into feed but does not mean anyone should be eating it or any animal consuming this—this is how they catch people reciting rhetoric and not seeing theough
    [F4]This is another game—a huge one —this will further try to sell the consumer on how they have for years been eating this—the issue is that the US gov’t has protected the Agri Busiiness from any legal backlash of health issues
    [F5]There are pesticides as well that do the same thing—cannot be washed so you would have to peel an outer layer
    [F6]Agro bacterium disorders are now leaving her —but with the introduction of wheat products this will return or any grain will cause a definitive return—with these genetics implemented they do not just go away that easy even after 4 years
    [F7]This will be true f any grain that one consumes –til the strands go back t a genetically acceptable strain that our bodies can use this will b an ongoig issue and with nano particles further being added to the foods in conjunction with this then the ill health will be prevalent
    [F8]Notice the word here is common not genetically engineered
    TOP B
    Show of the Month September 21 2013
    Chemtrails- The Consequences of Toxic Metals and Chemical Aerosols on Human Health
    Ways And Means to Offset the effects
    —Brain and Body Support-Supplements to Assist With Brain Restoration
    Chelating Components-Ways to Eliminate the Topical and Reduce-Breatheing—To Assist in Clearing this From Lungs
    Health Foods that can assist in Reduction and Repair-Soaps To use-Things to Avoid
    Chemtrails- The Consequences of Toxic Metals and Chemical Aerosols on Human Health
    By Dr. Ilya Sandra Perlingieri
    Global Research, May 12, 2010
    Url of this article:
    For decades, we have known that heavy metals and chemicals can cause grave physical harm. Going back to Rachel Carson’s “Silent Spring,” we have known and been amply warned of the serious consequences of using or being exposed to these poisons in our daily activities. Thousands of these are well-documented carcinogens. —-Building on Carson’s ground-breaking research, we also know that certain kinds of chemicals can and do disrupt human [and other animals’] entire immune system. Going back 30 years, researchers were investigating what became known as endocrine [hormone] disrupting chemicals and how they were affecting frogs [who sometimes had five legs or hermaphroditic characteristics], other aquatic animals, and mammals.[F1] These animals were the proverbial canaries in the coal mine. In another pioneering book, “Our Stolen Future,” authors Dr. Theo Colburn, Dianne Dumanoski, and John Peterson Myers clearly demonstrate that 1 + 1 hormone-disrupting chemicals did not equal 2. Rather, in a nightmare of mathematical proportions, these poisons acted synergistically; and 1+1 could equal up to 1,600 times the original dose. [F2]We are also exposed to more than 100,000 chemicals regularly. Most of them have never been tested for human safety. So, almost nothing has been done to reduce human exposure to a myriad of hazardous chemicals. In fact, over the past decade, the Bush administration dismantled many environmental laws in existence for 30 years, to let corporations off the proverbial hook. [Just look at what’s unfolding in the Gulf with the BP oil spill.]———Although this information, on the dangers of hormone disruption, is now more widely available on Internet sites, it still is not well known by the average person who gets news mostly from mainstream media.(1. With the high stres) Most of these highly toxic chemicals are invisible; and, therefore, are easily off our collective radar s level created by the deliberately orchestrated financial crisis –where millions have lost their jobs and homes– a degraded/collapsing environment or serious health problems are not priorities –especially, if very little is reported in mainstream news. This disaster scenario is part of the larger picture of what Naomi Klein writes about in her book “The Shock Doctrine.” We have so many major crises, one after another, that it is hard just to keep up with one’s daily routine [F3]–let alone have time to read and consider the toxicological health ramifications of massive amounts of thousands of heavy metals and chemicals that have poisoned our entire food chain and, thus, our own supposed “health.” We are at the very top of this wrecked food chain.[F4]—Now, however, there is another far more insidious layer of toxicity that is not being addressed at all in any mainstream, corporate-controlled news, and it is affecting our very survival. It is, however, being addressed more and more by independent researchers who have supporting evidence to back up their Internet reports. —–For more than a decade, first the United States and then Canada’s citizens have been subjected to a 24/7/365 day aerosol assault over our heads made of a toxic brew of poisonous heavy metals, chemicals, and other dangerous ingredients. None of this was reported by any mainstream media. The US Department of Defense [DOD] and military have been systematically blanketing all our skies with what are known as Chemtrails (also known as Stratospheric Aerosol Geoengineering).(2) These differ vastly from the usual plane contrails that evaporate rather quickly in the sky. Chemtrails do not dissipate. Rather, planes (fitted with special nozzles) release aerosols “lines” in the sky that do not evaporate. Multiple planes are deployed, flying parallel (or often “checkerboard” patterns) overhead; and soon the sky is blanketed with many grayish-white lines [miles and miles long, although this is changing]. At first, these lines are thin; but soon they expand and, in a short time, merge together. Our once-blue sky has vanished and has been replaced by a grayish-white toxic haze that blots out and greatly diminishes our usual sunshine.—–Military and commercial planes are involved in more than 60 secret operations. Last year, when I flew across the country, I saw a United Airlines jet (flying below us at about 37,000 feet) spraying a black aerosol that went for miles and miles across the sky. This clandestine program now includes aerosol-spraying planes in North America, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand [all NATO countries]. [F5]Hundreds (if not thousands) of people have called and written their public officials to get answers. Replies from US and Canadian officials are not forthcoming; or, if they do reply, queries are dismissed. This remains an ongoing, deliberate cover-up. No one is held accountable, while we continued to be poisoned daily. This is not the first time, however, that citizens are being used as experimental laboratory test subjects. The US government and its military have a very long and sordid history of using us, without informed consent, in this illegal manner. As Carole Pellatt notes:——–The U.S. military has been spraying chemical and biological weapons in open air testing over civilian populations since the 1940’s. They are called “vulnerability tests”. This is not a controversial statement. The military has admitted to this practice on many occasions and there’s plenty of documentation from the government to corroborate it. There is also documentation of intentional, experimental releases of radiation on civilian populations. Unfortunately, this information tends to surface long after it could have saved lives, or eased the suffering of victims.(3)—Over the past decade, independent testing of Chemtrails around the country has shown a dangerous, extremely poisonous brew that includes: barium, nano aluminum-coated fiberglass [known as CHAFF], radioactive thorium, cadmium, chromium, nickel, desiccated blood, mold spores, yellow fungal mycotoxins, ethylene dibromide, and polymer fibers. Barium[F6] can be compared to the toxicity of arsenic.(4) Barium is known to adversely affect the heart. Aluminum has a history of damaging brain function. Independent researchers and labs continue to show off-the-scale levels of these poisons. A few “anonymous” officials have acknowledged this on-going aerosol spraying.(5) —–Numerous tests have been done to verify that these poisons are off the scale in their toxicity. They are documented in our water, in our soil, and in our air. For more than 10 years, researcher Clifford Carnicom has been valiantly and systematically reporting on the various detrimental aspects of these aerosols –and what they are doing to our entire environment, as well as our blood.(6) Various “sky watch” groups also have been carefully documenting and diligently reporting about these daily assaults.(7) –With all these poisons surrounding our every breath, it is not surprising to see a dramatic increase in illnesses. There are numerous reports of the increase in cardiac deaths and upper respiratory illnesses (asthma, chronic bronchitis, lung cancer, and often multiple chronic illnesses). Chemtrails toxicity has already dramatically affected our deteriorating “collective health.” The significant increase in heart disease and various upper respiratory illnesses has been linked to a vast increase in “particulate matter” in our air. This can be seen by some revealing statistics:
    1. Coronary heart disease is now the leading cause of death in the US. According to the CDC, in 2006, 631,636 died of heart disease. This means 1 out of every 5 Americans are affected.(8)
    In Canada, every seven minutes someone dies of heart disease.(9)
    2. Asthma and upper respiratory illnesses. Between 100-150 million people suffer from asthma worldwide. In the US, 16.4 million adults have asthma and 7 million children have it. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema: 9.8 million Americans were diagnosed with chronic bronchitis this past year; for emphysema the figure is 3.8 million.(10) Total: 37 million Americans afflicted.
    In Canada, 2.4 million have been diagnosed with asthma.
    3. Particulate matter in air pollution. Particulate matter [PM] consists of tiny particles 10 microns or less. [1 micron is about 1/70 the thickness of a single human hair.] These particles can lodge in the deepest part of your lungs; and over a period of time, they can damage lung function. This kind of pollution, that we breathe daily, can and does cause various upper respiratory illnesses, coronary heart disease, and premature aging and death. Particulate matter can also exacerbate any existing illness.(11) Unanswered questions: Does hazardous particulate matter act in synergistic ways in human bodies (as do endocrine disrupting chemicals)? How does PM affect millions who already have multiple chronic illnesses?
    Brain Injury
    Even with the increases in preventable illnesses, the issue that has not been linked or addressed –with what Clifford Carnicom rightly calls “aerosol crimes”– is the deterioration of cognitive function. Our immune system is already under siege daily; and this has resulted in millions (possibly billions) of people with not just one illness, but often multiple ones. The skin, the largest organ in our body, is a permeable membrane. This means that invisible toxins in our air, including Chemtrails and other highly dangerous chemicals, go right into our skin. Poisoned rainwater (or snow touching our skin) does the same thing. When the air we breathe is filled with a dangerous assortment of toxins, with each breath we take, these poisons assault our entire immune system. These poisons also affect our brain and, thus, our cognitive function.—Aluminum is a [F7]major component in these aerosols. Although it is our planet’s most abundant metal, our body has no biological need for it. Pesticide Action Network North America [PANNA] lists it as “toxic to humans, including carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, and acute toxicity.”(12) Yet, aluminum is commonly used [this is a very short list] in vaccines, deodorants and anti-perspirants, over-the-counter medications, soft drink and beer cans [aluminum leeches from the cans], baking powder, cake mixes, processed cheeses, and other food products and additives. Over years, aluminum accumulates in the brain, tissues, and to a lesser amount the bones. It causes brain degeneration, dysfunction and damage –due to the blockage and reduced blood flow and oxygen of brain arteries. The brain shrinks, as brain cells die. This causes dementia. Symptoms include: emotional outbursts, paranoia, forgetfulness and memory loss, speech incoherence, irritability, diminished alertness, changes in personality, and poor/bad judgment. All these are on the rise, as more than 4-million Americans are afflicted. Brain deterioration and dementia take decades to cause serious and visible harm. Eventually, however, dementia is fatal. “Alzheimer’s” is now being used incorrectly as a catch-all term for all kinds of dementia. Just a few days ago, the front page of the New York Times had a headline: “More with Dementia Wander from Home.”(13) People afflicted with, what the Times terms “Alzheimer’s” were interviewed. One person mentioned he “has a diagnosis of Alzheimer’s.” This is patently wrong. Alzheimer’s dementia can only be accurately diagnosed after death when a post-mortem can be done. However, heavy metals poisoning can be diagnosed through lab testing; but this is rarely done for basic check-ups.—What is not addressed in this increase in dementia is the more than 10 years of breathing Chemtrails with nano aluminum-coated fiberglass. Billions of tons have been sprayed on us. —With all these sources of aluminum added to the air we breathe with each breath, the cumulative toxicity is very high. Even in daily events, it is obvious –to anyone who is paying attention– that many people are behaving oddly. While it may be considered “anecdotal” reporting, there are millions of people whose behavior is strange. There have been numerous times in just the past year when I have asked someone a question and received an answer that is totally unrelated. There have been more and more uncontrolled outbursts in public areas: someone “snaps” for no apparent reason. Violence levels are up. Look at all the shootings on school campuses. There are more unexplained auto accidents that never should have happened. In just one day a few weeks ago, I witnessed three traffic accidents that need not have happened. The news is full of these stories. —Add to this already highly toxic body burden is the US military’s use of aluminum in its aerosols. It is used because of its electrical conductivity, durability, and light weight. The US Air Force reported in 1997 that it released “2 million, 6-7 ounce bundles of CHAFF.” These are laid by military aircraft form 15-50 miles in length.(14) Another unanswered question: Why is the USAF not releasing up-to-date figures? —A 2002 report notes that: “over the last 25 years, the US Navy [has released from planes] several hundred thousand pounds of aluminized chaff during flight operations over a training area on the Chesapeake Bay.”(15) If the Navy used hundreds of thousands of pounds in just this small area of the US, what could be extrapolated for the release of possibly billions of tons of nano aluminum by all the military divisions throughout the US and Canada more recently than 2002? CHAFF is being stored that has lead in it. Has that been released, without our knowledge, and added to these aerosols? What enormous, yet invisible, harm has that created for all of us?—Dr. Hildegarde Staninger reported last year that “exposure to aerial emissions of nano composite materials resulted in cholinesterase inhibition.”(16) The [F8]human body has three kinds of cholinesterase: for the brain, for plasma (manufactured by the liver), and red blood cells. Some pesticides and nerve gases (such as VX, an organophosphate)[F9] inhibit cholinesterase. The chronic inhibition of this enzyme (that normally circulates in red blood cells), caused by the spraying of these Chemtrails aerosols [for weather modification, but also used for mosquito and other insect eradication], causes chronic poisoning. This exposure causes severe neurological disorders, including paralysis in humans.————In a ground-breaking 2003 online essay, Dr. Kaye Kilburn, asks: “Why is Chemical Brain Injury Ignored?”(17) His article lists 13 concealed factors that affect our willingness to believe that dangerous chemicals do affect the brain. They include:
    1. “It’s all in your head” [meaning real symptoms are ignored by allopathic medicine].
    2. Resistance to vulnerability [individuals, and society collectively, cannot believe the brain is at risk].
    3. The acceptance of mind-altering prescription drugs [such as Paxil] that can and do affect the brain [millions are on anti-depressants –what long-term damage does that also do to cognitive thinking?].
    4. Chemical brain injury is considered not to be “an imminent threat.”
    5. Competition from other serious threats [causing indifference or denial];
    6. Delay in acknowledging health risks.
    7. Economic interests [delaying tactics by big corporations are well known –delay continues profits and ignores taking responsibility –We are all expendable for corporate profits].
    8. The field of neurology has been slow to consider causes [how many independent researchers are left who do not have any ties to the pharmaceutical/chemical companies?].
    In all these valuable reasons for not addressing this human crisis, the one that Dr. Kilburn has not addressed directly is the chronic assault of breathing/absorbing these now billions of tons of hazardous aerosolized chemicals and heavy metals over more than a decade without our informed consent. When one does not look for or address primary causes, then other issues can be blamed. This, on top of a government’s silence or refusal to respond and the corporate media’s complicity, make for an extremely dangerous combination that puts us all at grave and daily risk. As brain function is diminished, and other things are blamed for it, any population is easier “to control.”—Dr. Kiburn’s research clearly shows that chemicals do affect and seriously harm the brain [and, thereby, cognitive function]. Chemicals –especially a daily onslaught of toxic chemicals over many years– can damage our ability to think clearly. Even if we find this hard to believe, the evidence is there. Dr. Kilburn has expanded this essay into the first book to research this: “Chemical Brain Injury” (published in 1998). Dr. Kilburn notes—-The brain’s preservation represents the only possibility of survival for mankind. To find in many parts of the country and in many individual patients that its function is eroded seriously by chemicals, chemicals that have been introduced into the environment basically in the last 50 years, is bad news indeed.(18)—It seems almost unbelievable that millions/billions of people could look up at the sky and not notice the dramatic changes that have occurred from what it was, for instance, in the mid-1990s. Then our sky was a gorgeous, deep blue. Clouds were a beautiful assortment of shapes. The sun was glorious. But people under 30, may not have a real sense of recollection about looking up every day and seeing this panoramic magnificence. Most of them are too busy texting or chatting on their cell phones. There are other issues to consider, as well: People are in their own comfort zones; and denial is a very powerful human emotion. In the hustle and bustle (now quite out of hand, for reflective time), how many people look up at the sky? It also takes huge courage, a very deep, internal willingness to examine politically motivated corporate controlled media spin, and search for the real answers. Humans like their regular routines. To re-examine what we think we know, based on new evidence, takes a willingness to think outside the proverbial box; to want to find out the truth –not the pervasive Orwellian doublespeak that pervades our society. If everything in our daily routine belies what is truly going on, it requires fortitude to explore the unknown –to question the litany.—-Another courageous person is Dr. R. Michael Castle who continues to address the Chemtrails toxicity issue. He is a noted polymer chemist who has been interviewed frequently and has written articles about the extreme hazards of Chemtrails. Dr. Castle has also written a ground-breaking document, the Universal Atmospheric Preservation Act [UAPA]. This document has been in Congress since 2008; but is tied up in committee. The only way to have this vital piece of legislation passed is to have real congressional representatives actually representing us (instead of the corporate lobbyists). See:
    Given these issues, since our collapsing society has so many different levels of deceit –the financial debacle, the lies and deceit of government and the Federal Reserve blaming people for the housing/mortgage nightmare, the emerging police state, the disasters that envelope our fragile environment– it becomes increasingly difficult just to maintain a daily routine and survive the economic depression and its daily fallout. Mainstream media does its supporting role and deceives us. Millions, like the proverbial lemmings, hasten to join the group demise. There are countless historical instances of this collective insanity. We Homo sapiens [sic, wise men?] have never learned the lessons of 5,000 years of history. This is because each new generation of corrupt political leaders (often tied historically to previous ones) never has the real interest of their constituents as a basic part of their political practice. Further, there is no Precautionary Principle in place.(19) It’s not the way the political game of deception works. Precaution is not part of an equation that is broken from the beginning. Humans are gullible and want to believe the Orwellian deceptions.–To add to this already heavy burden, to ask uninformed, although supposedly “well educated” [What does that actually mean, given that much of our higher education has omitted much of what Prof. Peter Dale Scott calls “deep political events” that never get into our history books?] people to reconsider what they think they know about what is really going on –this takes enormous internal strength. It requires profound courage. The basis of this “courage” actually means creating new synaptical pathways in the brain. Without them, we feel scared, nervous…because those new synapses have not yet been created. It takes repeated effort, and, thus, an emerging sense of ease, to create these new synapses.—If, however, millions of people are already on prescription pharmaceuticals to “calm them down” [long term, what is this doing to their ability to think clearly?] and, in addition, are breathing poisoned air rife with mind-distorting chemicals, then how clearly (if at all) is anyone able to think? How can anyone feel well and safe, if the very air we breathe is deliberately poisoned and is affecting our ability to think cogently? It is already evident that no one in any official capacity is willing to tell the truth. It is like Diogenes, the ancient Greek, searching for a truthful individual. No one seems to have the desire, or courage, or authority to stop this massive poisoning, because it is the secret plan of the elite insiders to deliberate destroy everything we once knew.—Our BASIC human rights, constitutional and international laws are mere paper. These rights and laws have all been torn asunder by those in charge. It has been done by stealth. We must organize peacefully. PEACEFULLY is the operative word. If these many-pronged aerosol attacks by military and commercial planes can spray these horrific toxins on us, year after year with impunity –against all laws– then it is absolutely imperative that we organize peacefully. As Peter Dale Scott notes in Jason Bermas’ new DVD “Invisible Empire”: we must use the Internet and our peaceful intellectual powers to come together and shut this nightmare down. It is possible to do this.
    Dr. Ilya Sandra Perlingieri is author of the highly acclaimed book, “The Uterine Crisis.”
    1. See:
    2. See Michael J. Murphy. “What in the World Are They Spraying?” March 3, 2010: ; and G. Edward Griffin. “Chemtrail vs. Contrail” April 14, 2010:
    3. Carole Pellatt. Connections. “What’s going on in the air? Yes, we are being sprayed.” Aug. 8m 2007: ; and
    4. See Pesticide Action Network North America [PANNA]:
    5. March 12, 2010: An interesting conference at the University of California, San Diego [UCSD], “Atmospheric Aerosols: Health, Environment, and Climate Effects” addresses some of the cardio-vascular increases due to “atmospheric aerosols” but these academics never use the word Chemtrails. Yet, satellite photos they show clearly indicate the atmospheric impact of Chemtrails. See: Jan. 31, 2008: UCSD:
    6. For numerous detailed reports, see:;;; and Dr. Marijah McCain. “Chemtrails and Barium Toxicity.” April 6, 2002: ; Material Safety Data Sheet, University of Utah: This last cited website is very outdated. It does not address the increased amounts of barium now found in our air. Additional info: “Local News Station Confirms Barium in Chemtrails.” Nov. 10, 2007:
    7. See:; ;
    8. Heart Disease Facts. CDC;
    10. Asthma. CDC:; and chronic bronchitis and emphysema: CDC:
    11. Rosalind Peterson’s report: “The impacts of air pollution on health.”
    12. PANNA:
    13. May 4, 2010:
    14. [14. See: Rosalind Peterson. “Public and federal agencies concerned about the potentially harmful or undesirable effects of chaff on the environment.”
    15. “Effects of Navy chaff release on aluminum levels in an area of the Chesapeake Bay.” PubMed. US National Library of Medicine. June 2002:
    16. Sept. 7, 2009:
    17. Kaye H. Kilburn. “Why is Chemical Brain Injury Ignored. Pondering Causes and Risks.” Editorial. Archives of Environmental Health. March 1, 2003:
    19. Dr. Ilya Sandra Perlingieri. “Worldwide Environmental Crisis. Gone Missing: The Precautionary Principle.” Global Research. Feb. 11, 2009:
    Ways And Means to Offset the effects—
    Brain and Body Support
    Supplements to Assist With Brain Restoration
    Chelating Components
    Ways to Eliminate the Topical and Reduce
    Breatheing—To Assist in Clearing this From Lungs
    Health Foods that can assist in Reduction and Repair
    Soaps To use
    Things to Avoid
    One thing we have to under stand is the need to reduce the over load of the exposure —so in this I am going to suggest methods to assist in the removing of the load—the aluminum is but one thing—not the only thing to be dealing with—and at the same token as you are on your endeavor to work on yourselves —then there is a need to corroborate your data with other people and exchange the ideas so that we can all receive the benefit—ease off on being snappy—it will be difficult due to programming and exposure—learn to be apologetic and tolerant—we are all inflicted and through this we can come up with a solution
    Brain & Body Support—these are things you can do to re connect the brain or to stave off the damage—
    Foods such as Eggs-Walnuts-Black Berries-Blue Berries Yogurt and Kefir ( definite must these will restore the balance of bacteria to being healthy as a result if the balance is there the brain functions—80% of brain issues is directly tied to this-Cottage cheese mixed with ghee or other oils-Saturated Fats( ghee-butter-coconut oil-tallow-lard-palm oils-shea-coco butter) would be good oils
    Evening primrose-sunflower-almond-avocado-olive (non counterfeited or convoluted ) Wheat Germ Oil –when utilizing these fats make sure you use Rosemary—brain support, heart support, liver support-powerful anticarcinogen- hormone balancer-Sage-protects the acetylcholine from breaking down-lung support Hormonal support –anti carcinogen- Iodine ( lugols-Iodoral-IOSOL-nascent) binds with mercury and aluminum to remove from the brain and body –make sure 5% or higher-use 4 drops a day minimally in divided doses-endocrine balancer-and an STD remover-Thyme- DHA support and promoter-powerful lung support-strong anticarinogen-powerful immune booster ( stronger then oregano )-Tumeric- Liver support-Brain Support Anti carcinogen – anti estrogenic-Ginger-immune builder-digestive protector-stimulates circulation-has anti blood clotting capabilities for damages arteries as a result of build up from chemtrails-Adaptogenic-Garlic and Onion –High Sulphur this will also assist in the removing of the load of metal build up-will support liver-lung and is an extreme anti carcinogen –and stamina and hear support—Pectin from fruits—Orange and Grape fruit and Pommelo inner skin—when you peel off the outer layer the inside is the thick white—consume this with apples as a sauce to assist in the purging of the body-apple and pear sauce-again in conjunction with the peeled skins— Eggs with Nutmeg sprinkled on them is an excellent brain food as well
    Supplements to Assist With Brain Restoration
    Piracetam-reconnects the right and left side of the brain –can reverse dementia in some cases when combined with choline and dmae and aricept
    Folic acid and B12 —mix then in a powdered form in either yogurt-kefir-sour cream or cottage cheese—allow to ferment this over night and proceed to consume in morning hours –again will help slow down the degradation
    Use Black Coffee—to stimulate oxygen flow—add rosemary or sage to this to increase the effect of the herbs—add 1 drop of essential oil of peppermint to increase alertness—
    Chelating Components- sodium thiolsuphate-edta-serrpeptase-trypsin-ascorbic acid and NAC—Salt Baths( critical to reduce the load entering from the surface and allowing the body to flush out of the system the build up)—Salts required are: Epsom salt-Baking Soda-TSP-Borax-these are at ¼ cup-sea salt 1 cup-turpentine ½-1 cap –dmso 1 cap—mix in hot water as hot as you can bear—soak for 3 minutes
    Niacinamide to assist in Sleep and Moods due to the metal over load the B3 in this form can reduce drastically the swings and assist with sleeping—tak with glycine—or taurine-or gaba-or tryptophan—this way these aminos will respond better
    Essential oils –Rosemary-Sage-Thyme-Laurel Bay-Summer Savoury-Cinnamon-Nutmeg-Pine-Spruce-Thuja—these can all assist in either removing waste or bringing in antioxidants
    Ways to Eliminate the Topical and Reduce
    Bathes— These are the ingredients for this to remove excesses
    Baking Soda ¼ cup
    TSP-1/4 cup
    Borax-1/4 cup
    Epsom Salt-1/4 cup
    Sea Salt 1 cup
    Turpentine ½-1 CAP
    Hot Water as hot as you can handle—soak 30 minutes minimally—when done observe bath water—you may see polymers and crystals floating in the tub—you may even want to get them examined by a reputable laboratory
    Breatheing—To Assist in Clearing this From Lungs
    Get a cool Mist humidifier ( warm will work as well the cool mist just does not allow steam to flow ) and add to it distilled water—Iodine ( lugols or even the tincture of iodine) 1 or 2 droppers full-essential oil of peppermint 20 drops—turpentine ( about a tsp)- essential oil of thyme 10 drops and colloidal silver ( 100ppm or higher ) 2 dropper fulls turn on in bedroom with door closed about 1 hour before sleep—( to increase the impact turn on a space heater at the same time-this will cause the vapours to be even more vapourized) you can turn of the space heater if you wish but allow the humidifier to run throughout the night-this will break up polymer build up in the nasal cavity as well as lung and cells—may see a vast improvement in oxygen uptake as well while sleeping
    Another thing you can do is just add straight 3% peroxide-fill your container—this will definitely increase oxygen in the body again while sleeping—
    You may find a lot aches and pains will diminish and as well you may find a release in the build up of the metals and polymers and biofilm that you are breathing in
    Adding Aspirin to the humidifier will reduce inflammation with those who have any respiratory issues and will allow for an analgesic ( pain relieving effect on the body as well ) this will not hurt you since you are not using this orally then it will not cause any internal bleeding—this can be mixed with the mixes with essential oils and other elements
    EXPERIMENT with different oils as well
    Health Foods that can assist in Reduction and Repair
    Fermented Foods need to be at the top of the list to restore the damage bacteria or renew the colon since these can restore and rebuild the colon—the dairy ferments should all have fat and be plain nothing added inside when buying—if you wish to add fruit or other supplements then do so at home where you have better control of quality and assurance then what is already pre mixed
    Yogurt-Kefir-Cottage Cheese-Sour Cream- Cheese-Fermented Veggies-Fermented Fruits all should be incorporated in your eating—Never Mix with Meat proteins at the SAME TIME should be eaten separate—this can hamper animal protein digestion and assimilation—
    Do Not CONSUME any SOY OR SOY DERIVED FOODS THAT ARE FERMENTED these will have been processed in aluminum and would have used some form of fluoride as well in the process AVOID ALL SOY FOODS-FERMENTED OR OTHERWISE-
    Pectin as a good source of removing build up—utilize the white part of the citrus by peeling off the skin of the citrus and then stripping of the meatier white —use fresh or dry—then add with it an onion and a peeled apple and ¼ cup of water ( distilled ) and mix til mush—consume this throughout the day—this will furthr draw out of your insides the nanoparticles and other metals and radiatin you may be acquiring from the fall out—consume 3 oz daily for children add 1 tsp of maple syrup to there mix to sweeten
    Soaps To use—use simple castilles unperfumed or basic soaps made with different oils –olive-evening primrose—etc—if you have lesions or outbreaks on skin the baths will assist tremendously to get this off—but a good kerosene or turpentine rub on the outside may assist in the removing of any build up occurring–
    Things to Avoid
    Fish oil-all contain mercury and arsenic
    Canola Oil-scars thyroid and causes dna damage and cellular degradation of the skin
    Soybean Oil-destroys brain-thyroid-pancreas-intestines-oesophagus
    Vegetable oil ( soy)- destroys brain-thyroid-pancreas-intestines-oesophagus
    Burnt Oil-break down of body
    Do Not CONSUME any SOY OR SOY DERIVED FOODS THAT ARE FERMENTED these will have been processed in aluminum and would have used some form of fluoride as well in the process AVOID ALL SOY FOODS-FERMENTED OR OTHERWISE-
    DO NOT CONSUME Canola oils in any form-vege oils soybean oils—these will further break down your DNA and your glands and cells and can further cause Mutations and Break down—when combined with the chemtrail fall out this would Be equated to a binary attack on the body from without and within
    Any Vegetable or Fruit- consumed will need to be either peeled off or washed thoroughly due to the nanosilver and other nano metals being rained on the plants or trees—this is imperative in order to reduce the build up of these metals and to minimize the penetration into our bodies tissues and organs-fruits to be eaten are citrus and meatier fruits with the fibres like apples peaches plums pears tangelos-mandelos-oranges-grapefruit pomello’s etc
    Fruits to avoid –the high glycemic ones such as Bananas ( unless fermented black will offer no potassium benefit but a sugar rush this sugar rush will cause pancrease and insulin issue when consuming grains and soy) Watermelons-Grapes-Raisons-Dates-
    Foods in Plastics-xenoestrogenic and may contain nanoparticles
    Bagged in Blastic- xenoestrogenic and may contain nanoparticles
    Microwave cooked anything not even water-destroys the biology of the food and dna
    No Artificial or Natural Flavours—can be anything that could further damage the body( aborted baby extract-soy-anal glands of beaver..etc)
    Grains—no grains non are edible and have been cross contaminated with GMO or are GE in the process of making substances called foods
    Grains- Total abstinence is strongly suggested due to the cellulose and genetics and cross genetics these foods no longer break down in your body but in fact grow within causing a deterious effect on colon and stomach and pancreas—this allows this fallout to have a deeper and stronger impact further escalating the break down of neurol functions as well as physical connection within the body–No rice or quinoa-amaranth either
    Nothing sugar free or fat free—these have either added sugars or synthetics-which either overload your body causing internal damage and break down of organs –or will strip away or block any use of the nutrients they are mixed with
    Any Packaged foods in metals- in metal bags or other wrappings there is a absorption of these that will get into the food and can as well exasperate the body which is already overloaded with chemtrail and other poisons ( vaccine—flouridated water etc-)
    Processed Sugar Brown or White-these have a drug like effect that ccan cause a addiction—and opens you up to more addictive substances
    Minimize to the best of your ability over consumption- regulate your food intake to a minimal intake maximal nutrition will find that appetite will go down and body recovers
    Eliminate-junk foods—all sealed in either metals or contain nanoparticles
    TATOO’S—the chemical mixes of these drawings have nano metals in them that will penetrate the blood brain barrier and wreak havoc on the liver—this will combine with the air particles already coming down—if you have them then you nust increase Vitamin C ( especially with all the reds and oranges and yellows ) due to the fact they impact further break down of the lungs and liver and again they penetrate the brain causing further issues with mental cognition—if you feel the need to draw—use a canvas or paper—or take a picture
    TOP B
    [F1]Sometimes the metals are called metallo estrogens due to what hormones they are either mimicking or disrupting
    [F2]So we will need hormone regulators or endocrine balancing foods and supplements and supports
    [F3]This is being done on purpose to insure a total distraction while the agendas are being played out and as well when something is displayed it is on an irrational level
    [F4]Remember being green is about using you as a garbage disposal —see this gets companies off the hook keeps them looking innocent and then they will turn around and sell something in the foods allowing you to eat them and then you process them and dump –and then they call a recycle program to regurgitate waste so we can again feed it to everyone
    [F5]Asia as well and if you go online you can actually see the whole planet is being gridded not just the NATO countries but the whole hemisphere where the human race abides
    [F6]Since this came out years ago there has been new additions to the chems—throiun-uranium-plutonium nano silver—nano gold and of late a graphite type material harder then diamond
    [F7]This is Just the aluminum part of this—this is how the human race is being afflicted
    [F8]Consuming foods like Eggs and Sunflowerlecithin –Saturated fats and the use of iodine to remove the metals out of the brain would over significant help to sustain the brain functions
    [F9]The Other part if the binary attack would be the food supply the Genetics and how they to alter us on a genetic and DNA levels of the body—with the added metals we are having to deal with —this would cause shutdown of all biologincal functions
    TOP C
    Show of the Month September 28 2013
    Ban GMO Labeling
    Botany and Health- Very Small Chemical Changes to Dietary Flavonoids Cause Very Large Effects On Human Immune System
    Thousands Of Genetically Modified Insects Are Set For Release
    Diseases Spread by Invertebrates
    Coumarin—antioxidant in foods that keep the blood flowing
    New virus confirmed in Ohio dog may be infecting, killing other dogs in state
    Prepare for the GridEx II November Power Grid “Drill”
    Ban GMO Labeling
    It’s called the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP), and it’s a super secret trade pact being negotiated completely outside of law, with no congressional authority but with the aim of forcing nations around the world to ban GMO labeling, embrace Monsanto’s GMO crops and keep pharmaceutical prices artificially high to enrich the world’s medication monopolists.—A purely executive creation of the Office of the United States Trade Representative — i.e. created outside of law with zero public accountability — the TPP involves White House loyalists running around the world, strong-arming over a dozen nations into signing on to a corporate domination agreement knowingly misnamed “free trade.”–Details of the TPP are so secret that even members of Congress are not allowed to review them or disclose them. What we know about the TPP has only come from leaks, as the full text of the entire agreement is being kept not only from Congress but also the American people. Yet over 600 corporate CEOs — including CEOs of companies that have been repeatedly found guilty of felony crimes in America — have been allowed to influence the details of the TPP agreements. Monsanto, Wal-Mart and Big Pharma corporations are reportedly given top influence positions in this super-secret Obama organization that hands the future of the world over to the most evil corporations of all time.[F1]
    GMO labeling to be illegal, generic drugs to be all but shut down
    The countries currently involved in the TPP include the United States, Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam. More are being bullied into signing the agreement with each passing month. Although the exact language of the TPP is a tightly-protected secret, it is reported that the TPP will require:
    • Dropping of all bans on GMOs. All countries signing the TPP must allow GMOs to be grown in their country and secretly used throughout the food supply — all GMO labeling will be outlawed.
    • Shutting down all generic drug manufacturers who make “copycat” drugs that compete with the monopoly patents of top U.S. drug makers.
    • Redefining resistance against GMOs as “anti-free trade practices” that can result in economic sanctions against nations that attempt to ban GMOs.
    • The outlawing of “Fair Use” of copyrighted material. Anyone using an image, a short video clip, an audio clip, etc., would be criminalize and possibly arrested and imprisoned under the TPP.
    • Flooding the U.S. market with polluted, unsafe food products from nations that have virtually no enforcement of regulations on pesticides and herbicides. As Nation reports, “[Corporations] are carefully crafting the TPP to ensure that citizens of the involved countries have no control over food safety, what they will be eating, where it is grown, the conditions under which food is grown and the use of herbicides and pesticides.”[F2]
    • Banning people from using the internet if they engage in Fair Use of copyrighted material. This would shut down virtually the entire alternative media, many blogs, and silence most critics of the global corporate cabal.
    • Forcing member nations to criminalize small-scale copyright infringement such as someone sharing a music file with a friend. Domineering copyright enforcement provisions are being influenced by the MPAA which has also been given extraordinary influence over the language of the TPP.
    • Vastly reducing banking regulations, allowing criminal banksters to steal even more money globally while facing no repercussions for their actions. “The agreement would also be a boon for Wall Street and its campaign to water down regulations put in place after the 2008 financial crisis,” writes Wallach in the NY Times. “Among other things, it would practically forbid bans on risky financial products, including the toxic derivatives that helped cause the crisis in the first place.”
    Essentially, take every criminal corporation you can imagine, make a list of all their most evil priorities to dominate and enslave humankind, and write them all down. That’s the TPP. It is the executive enforcement of a totalitarian wish list of corporate evil to dominate and enslave humankind. (No wonder Obama doesn’t want you to be able to read it…)
    Maybe this is why the TPP is being referred to as the “Death Star” of our modern economy.
    Or see more videos about the TPP here:
    Monsanto, GMOs and how the TPP would forbid GMO labeling globally
    The best information on the GMO side of all this comes from a site called Nation Of Change. This page describes the implications of the TPP on GMOs and how the TPP would globally ban GMO labeling:
    • The labeling of foods containing GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms) will not be allowed. Japan currently has labeling laws for GMOs in food. Under the TPP Japan would no longer be able to label GMOs. This situation is the same for New Zealand and Australia. In the US we are just beginning to see some progress towards labeling GMOs. Under the TPP GMO labels for US food would not be allowed.
    • In April 2013, Peru placed a 10-year moratorium on GMO foods and plants. This prohibits the import, production and use of GMOs in foods and GMO plants and is aimed at safeguarding Peru’s agricultural diversity. The hope is to prevent cross-pollination with non-GMO crops and to ban GMO crops like Bt corn. What will become of Peru’s moratorium if the TPP is passed?
    Read more at:…
    Big handout to Big Pharma
    Under the terms of the TPP, drug companies could force member nations to keep drug costs artificially high, thereby enriching the profits of Big Pharma. The TPP Timeline reveals that PhRMA, the lobby group representing the top drug companies and vaccine manufacturers, has special influence over the TPP.—–As written in the NY Times, “Pharmaceutical companies, which are among those enjoying access to negotiators as ‘advisers,’ have long lobbied against government efforts to keep the cost of medicines down. Under the [TPP] agreement, these companies could challenge such measures by claiming that they undermined their new rights granted by the deal.”-The intellectual property provisions of the TPP are also a big handout to Big Pharma. They allow drug companies to shut down generic drug manufacturers that are currently keeping medication costs low in many member nations. Under the TPP, drug companies like Merck would be able to enforce global monopoly pricing, even across poor nations where the costs of a month’s medications would vastly exceed a typically monthly income.—But that’s how Big Pharma operates: the goal of the entire industry is to extract as much human wealth from the planet as possible, regardless of the true cost in human suffering or global chemical pollution from pharmaceutical manufacturing.—[F3]All this could be forced upon the world without even a debate in Congress. “Mr. Obama wants the agreement to be given fast-track treatment on Capitol Hill,” write Wallach and Beachy in the NY Times. “Under this extraordinary and rarely used procedure, he could sign the agreement before Congress voted on it. And Congress’s post-facto vote would be under rules limiting debate, banning all amendments and forcing a quick vote.”[F4]—“The secrecy of the Trans-Pacific Partnership process represents a huge assault on the principles and practice of democratic governance. That is untenable in the age of transparency, especially coming from an administration that is otherwise so quick to trumpet its commitment to open government.”—-In another op-ed published in the Bangkok Post, Wallach writes “Another leaked portion of the TPP text would take aim at policies to control medicine costs. Pharmaceutical companies are among the firms enjoying privileged access to TPP negotiators as official ‘advisers’. They have long lobbied against government efforts to keep the cost of medicines down. Their goal is to keep their already unaffordably high profit margins up. One leaked TPP text reveals terms that would allow pharmaceutical firms to challenge the measures that the US government uses domestically to negotiate lower medicine costs for Medicare, Medicaid and veterans’ health programmes.”
    Learn more at:
    So secret that even Congress is not allowed to see it
    The federal government of the USA has, of course, become a super-secret corporate mafia that answers to no one. So when it came time to create the TPP and force U.S. corporate imperialism upon the nations of the world, Congress was left completely out of the loop. The TPP was dreamed up entirely by the executive branch without a single vote ushering it into existence. It answers to no law and has zero transparency. No representative of the People votes on its provisions. There is no oversight. There is no recourse for the public to challenge its language. The TPP exists utterly outside the boundaries of government and of U.S. law, including the Constitution.—“This is astounding, given that the US Constitution provides Congress exclusive authority over trade policy,” writes Wallach in the Bangkok Post.—This idea of total secrecy with zero oversight from Congress or the public is to offensive to the fundamental ideas of democracy that 132 members of Congress signed on to this letter demanding transparency over the language of the TPP. The letter was utterly ignored by the Obama administration, once again proving it is willing to sell out the American people for corporate interests.[F5]—“While the agreement could rewrite broad sections of nontrade policies affecting Americans’ daily lives, the administration also has rejected demands by outside groups that the nearly complete text be publicly released,” write Lori Wallach and Ben Beachy in a NY Times op-ed.—“This covert approach is a major problem because the agreement is more than just a trade deal. Existing and future American laws must be altered to conform with these terms, or trade sanctions can be imposed against American exports,” they add.–In another op-ed published in the Bangkok Post, Wallach writes, “A big-business-dominated group of more than 600 official US trade ‘advisors’ enjoy privileged access to TPP texts and negotiators.
    Congressman declares TPP as “assault on democratic government”
    After years of attempts by members of Congress to even see the TPP, finally one congressman was able to review only a few select sections of the agreement. That congressman’s name is Alan Grayson.—He immediately characterized it as an “assault on democratic government.” Watch his video here.—The Obama administration threatened Grayson if he tried to release any of the information he saw by calling the TPP “classified” information. (Yeah, national security and all that.) This is, of course, a runaway abuse of power by the federal government as well as yet another use of the police state secrecy tactics that have already made our government utterly unaccountable to the People. When the government doesn’t want the public to see something it’s doing, it simply slaps the “classified” label on the project and proceeds to engage in wild, runaway criminality with absolutely no repercussions.–“What I saw was nothing that could possibly justify the secrecy that surrounds it,” Grayson said. “It is ironic in a way that the government thinks it’s alright to have a record of every single call that an American makes, but not alright for an American citizen to know what sovereign powers the government is negotiating away.”—“Having seen what I’ve seen, I would characterize this as a gross abrogation of American sovereignty,” Grayson told HuffPost. “And I would further characterize it as a punch in the face to the middle class of America. I think that’s fair to say from what I’ve seen so far. But I’m not allowed to tell you why!”
    Read some of the leaked text from the TPP here:…
    Or learn more about the TPP at:

    Đăng ký tài khoản PQ88 – Hướng dẫn, các bước thực hiện và lợi ích

    Botany and Health- Very Small Chemical Changes to Dietary Flavonoids Cause Very Large Effects On Human Immune System
    Aug. 30, 2013 — Scientists at the University of York have discovered that very small chemical changes to dietary flavonoids cause very large effects when the plant natural products are tested for their impact on the human immune system.–Plants are capable of making tens of thousands of different small molecules — an average leaf for example, produces around 20,000. Many of these are found in a typical diet and some are already known to have medicinal properties with effects on health, diseases and general well-being.–Now plant biologists and immunologists at York have joined forces to examine a very closely related family of these small molecules (flavonoids) to establish how tiny changes to their chemical structures affect their bio-activity.–The research, published in The Journal of Biological Chemistry, has important implications for diet and in the development of new pharmaceuticals from plant natural products.–Researchers from the Centre for Novel Agricultural Products (CNAP) and the Centre for Immunology and Infection (CII) in the University’s Department of Biology designed experiments to test the bioactivity of plant-derived flavonoids.–Professor Dianna Bowles, a plant biochemist and founding Director of CNAP, led the research with Professor Paul Kaye, the Director of CII, who developed the robust assay system involving human cells to assess the impacts of the different structures.–Professor Bowles, who referred to the research in a panel discussion on ‘Nature’s Marvellous Medicines’ at the recent Royal Society Summer Science Exhibition, said: “We were measuring how flavonoids affected the production of inflammatory mediators by cells stimulated by microbial products. We found that the way in which a flavonoid scaffold was decorated had massive effects on how the cells responded. If a methyl group was attached at one site, there would be no effect; methylate another site, and the cells would produce far greater amounts of these inflammatory mediators. Therefore, the site of attachment on the structural scaffold was all-important in determining the bioactivity of the small molecule.–“Plant products in our diet have immense molecular diversity and consequently also have a huge potential for affecting our health and well being. We are only at the beginning of discovering the multitude of their effects.” Professor Kaye added: “The research demonstrates the level of control that the shape of a molecule can have on its recognition by our immune system cells. This is really important since we can use information such as this to design new drugs for clinical use, as novel immunomodulators, for example.”—Story Source–The above story is based on materials provided by University of York. — Journal Reference-E.-K. Lim, P. J. Mitchell, N. Brown, R. A. Drummond, G. D. Brown, P. M. Kaye, D. J. Bowles. Regiospecific Methylation of a Dietary Flavonoid Scaffold Selectively Enhances IL-1 Production following Toll-like Receptor 2 Stimulation in THP-1 Monocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2013; 288 (29): 21126 DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M113.453514
    Thousands Of Genetically Modified Insects Are Set For Release
    September 10, 2013 by Arjun Walia
    Thousands of Genetically Modified (GM) insects developed by British scientists are set to be released into fields across Europe as an alternative to chemical pesticides. Granted, pesticides have been responsible for jeopardizing human health, damaging the environment and killing millions of bees and other insects, but is the proper solution manufacturing genetically modified insects?[F6]—-The idea is to release a large number of GM olive flies that will be used to kill off wild pests that damage the crop. The company responsible for their manufacture and release is Oxitec. They plan to release GM male olive flies that would naturally mate with the females, ultimately resulting in the death of female offspring at the larvae or maggot stage. The thought[F7] is that this would lead to a reduction in the olive fly population, which would allow the trees to produce fruit without the need for chemical sprays.–Oxitec has applied to Spanish regulatory authorities for permission to carry out a netted field trial of its GM insects. If the trial is successful, more trials will be carried out in Greece and Italy- the company also eventually hopes to be able to use the GM insects in British fields as well.–Our approach is aimed [F8]not only at controlling the olive fly, but also to avoid harming other species. By using our form of genetic sterility our flies are designed to eliminate the pest and not to stay in the environment. – Oxitec’s Dr Martha Koukidou (1)–In my view the use of GM insects to eradicate this pest is a necessary step towards achieving zero pesticide use. Critics of this technology who warn of danger to health and environment are scaremongering. European agriculture is facing some severe challenges. The burden of agricultural pests is ever present while the number of control approaches is shrinking in the face of insecticide resistance and de-registration of existing chemical treatments. To survive and prosper, European farming will need to evaluate and embrace new solutions and new technologies which are effective, sustainable and safe. If approved, this evaluation will be an important step to brining an exciting new approach to the farmers who need it- Hadyn Parry, Oxitec chief executive (1)—Supporters of the GM insects, like Oxitec, claim that those who oppose the idea are simply fear mongering. This is currently the same response from the big biotech giants to opposers of genetically modified foods. Recently, we have found out that opponents of genetically modified foods have been correct with their concerns, as multiple studies have surfaced over the past couple of years that indicated GMOs can be very harmful to the environment, as well as pose multiple risks to human health.–It’s no different with these genetically modified insects, mosquitos to be exact, they’ve already been released into the public without a proper risk assessment.– Dr Helen Wallace, director of GeneWatch UK, warned-Releasing Oxite’s GM fruit flies is a deeply flawed approach to reducing numbers of these pests, because large numbers of their offspring will die as maggots in the fruit. Not only does this fail to protect the crop, millions of GM fruit fly maggots will enter the food chain where they could pose risks to human health and the environment. Oxitec’s experiments should not go ahead until rules for safety testing and plans for labelling and segregation of contaminated fruits have been thoroughly debated and assessed. If these issues are ignored, growers could suffer serious impacts on the market for their crops.(1)—So what does this mean for animals that eat these flies as part of their routine diet? Or what about the humans that then eat these animals? Plans to commercialize GM insects would result in millions of GM insects being released onto field crops, including olives, tomatoes, citrus fruits, cabbages and cotton. Millions of GMO mosquitoes have already been released in experiments intended to reduce transmission of the tropical disease dengue fever, did you know about this? The release of GM insects are covered by laws and regulations that cover the release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), however, there is no specific regulatory process for GM insects anywhere in the world. (2) (3)—Regulatory decisions on GM insects in Europe and around the world are being biased by corporate interests as the UK biotech company Oxitec has infiltrated decision-making processes around the world. The company has close links to the multinational pesticide and seed company, Syngenta.[F9] Oxitec has already made large-scale open releases of GM mosquitoes in the Cayman Islands, Malaysia and Brazil and is developing GM agricultural pests, jointly with Syngenta. (2)(3)–The public will be shocked to learn that GM insects can be released into the environment without any proper oversight. Conflicts of interest should be removed from all decision making processes to ensure the public have a proper say about these plans – Dr Helen Wallace, Director of GeneWatch UK (4)—The use of GM technologies is controversial. Some organizations such as GeneWatch UK and EcoNexus fear that reliance on high-tech solutions like genetic modification detracts from more effective but poorly deployed measures to combat the harm caused by insects. These are the companies we need to hear more about because they are the ones that directly monitor the use of genetic technologies. Environmental NGOs like Greenpeace suggest that GM insects could have unintended and wide ranging impacts on the environment and human health due to the complexity of ecosystems and the high number of unknown factors which make risk assessment difficult. These companies have raised a number of concerns which include (2):
    New insects or diseases may fill ecological niche left by the insects suppressed or replaced, possibly resulting in new public health or agricultural problems
    The new genes engineered into the insects may jump into other species, a process called horizontal transfer, causing unintended consequences to the ecosystem[F10]
    Releases would be impossible to monitor and irreversible, as would any damage done to the environment
    A briefing done by these organizations also shows that Oxitec is trying to influence regulatory processes for GM insects, that they (3):
    Don’t want to be liable for any complications
    Try to avoid any regulation of GM agricultural pests on crops appearing in the food chain
    Excludes important issues from risk assessments, like the impact on human health
    Release of large amounts of GM insects prior to regulations
    Undermining the requirement to obtain informed consent for experiments involving insect species which transmit disease
    The list of concerns go on and on. This is something that you don’t hear in corporate media, despite the importance of dialogue, it seems developments within this field are sneaking by very quietly. Should we not discuss this? Should there not be a proper risk assessment done? Concerning ourselves with our food, health and our environment is something we need to take very seriously. Developments that should attract a great deal of concern are happening without anybody knowing about them. These are some of the most important issues that our world faces today and some of the most important issues that will contribute in shaping the near future of our planet and the path we choose to take.
    Diseases Spread by Invertebrates
    Invertebrates are very common vectors of disease. A vector is an organism which spreads disease from one host to another. Invertebrates spread bacterial, viral and protozoan pathogens by two main mechanisms. Either via their bite, as in the case of malaria spread by mosquitoes, or via their faeces, as in the case of Chagas’ Disease spread by Triatoma bugs or epidemic typhus spread by human body lice.–Many invertebrates are responsible for transmitting diseases. Mosquitoes are perhaps the best known invertebrate vector and transmit a wide range of tropical diseases including malaria, dengue fever and yellow fever. Another large group of vectors are flies. Sandfly species transmit the disease leishmaniasis, by acting as vectors for protozoan Leishmania species, and tsetse flies transmit protozoan trypansomes (Trypanosoma brucei gambiense and Trypansoma brucei rhodesiense) which cause African Trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness). Ticks and lice form another large group of invertebrate vectors. The bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, which causes Lyme Disease, is transmitted by ticks and members of the bacterial genus Rickettsia are transmitted by lice. For example, the human body louse transmits the bacterium Rickettsia prowazekii which causes epidemic typhus.—Although invertebrate-transmitted diseases pose a particular threat on the continents of Africa, Asia and South America, there is one way of controlling invertebrate-borne diseases, which is by controlling the invertebrate vector. For example, one way of controlling malaria is to control the mosquito vector through the use of mosquito nets, which prevent mosquitoes from coming into contact with humans.[F11]